December 26, 2011 6:29
Who are they?
Mermaids are different for different people (in different areas), and behave differently. In Slavic mythology, the researchers say, the image of a mermaid came from Ukraine and Eastern Europe. In Russia, however, their appearance changed. From fun and playful creatures mermaids became angry and vengeful creatures, along with the "grandfather of water." Mermaids singing happy songs delicious and enticing voices were replaced by forest and Neches rivers slob: white man with green eyes, the same hair, always naked and always ready to lure to themselves only to blame for no special tickle to death and drown .
The mere fact that the mermaid depicted (eg, in the Volga region) as a straw man, and sometimes even in the form of a horse's skull with a bridle, attached to a pole — is testimony to the fact, as in Russia disappeared poetic myth of the graceful beauty-mermaid . But everywhere in Russia maintained a so-called "mermaid week" or "rusalkino Shrovetide" — at Peter's fast, a week after Trinity. And at the end of the 19th century in a week, the girls were afraid to walk alone in the woods.
Mermaids do not live only in water. On Pentecost they go out and, scattering, until the fall, through the fields, woods and groves, they choose their spreading, bending over the water willow or weeping birch, where they live. At night, when the moon, which for them is shining brighter than usual, they swing on branches, halloo to each other and lead merry round with songs, games and dances. Where they were running and frolicking there the grass grows thicker and greener, there will be born and bread plentiful.
But a lot of them and harm. They can, for example, the intricate network of the fishermen or damage, and the miller spoil millstones and dam. They may sends to the field devastating storms, heavy rains, damaging hail, steal from the fallen asleep without praying women thread, canvas and linen, spread out on the grass for Belene, stolen yarn, swinging on tree branches, unwind and sing along to himself boastful songs. In such cases, there are a variety of ways and means to combat dashing mermaids amusement facilities to make them harmless to the rural household — that — Wormwood, "grass cursed, beskolennaya." It is only necessary to use its power and use it in practice skillfully. Departing after Pentecost in the forest, it is necessary to take this herb with him. Mermaid certainly run up and ask:
- What's in your hands: parsley or tarragon?
- Hiding under the fence — shout out loud and she quickly run past. Here in this very time, and need to have time to throw this herb directly into the eyes of the mermaid. If we say "parsley", the mermaid will answer:
- Oh, you're my darling — and would start to tickle long as a person does not go out of his mouth foam, and it did not knock him down as dead. However, according to other legends, mermaids can really tickle man to death.
Unpleasant as mermaids and other plants such as horseradish and garlic. Of the trees they do not like aspen. This brings to mind the legend of the vampire that repel odor of garlic and kill an aspen stake.
Like to see them?
There is a legend. A young man longed to see the mermaid. To avoid the risk, he first turned to the witch doctor. He advised him: "When it's night and all go to bed, and you lyazh on his bed and did not sleep until it's asleep. When all zahrapyat, thou up, undress naked and put two crosses, one on the chest, the other on his back. Mermaid because attacking from behind, not in front, they are afraid of the cross on his chest, and how you will hang the cross and on the back, and, moreover, you will be a goal, they will play with you, but you will not be affected. " Guy strictly complied instructions sorcerer. He went first and pretended to be asleep, and when all the family were killed, and fell asleep, he took off his shirt and went into the woods. He saw a lot of mermaids.
Some swing on branches, others play around them, some singing, laughing. They were all naked. Their bodies were white as snow, face shone like a full moon, hair light fiery curls falling over her shoulders. The guy was petrified with fear and delight. For a long time he was admiring the beauty of mermaids, graceful movements, pleasant and clear voice and a genuine delight and joy them. Suddenly fell silent and became a mermaid still. They sensed the spirit of man, and looking to the side, where there was a guy, suddenly rushed at him with laughter and applause and surrounded him. Everyone wanted to hug and kiss a guy, but his hands and lips did not touch him. Each ran back and tried to grab a mouse to position it to tickling laughter and fun, but again, their hands can not touch the guy. Then the guy took courage, he started to play with them and tried to grab kotoruyu-nibud, but his hands do not touch it. He sang and danced all night with mermaids. By morning, they lured the guy in the bushes — the thick and tall grass and began to swing in the grass. They followed and the guy. But suddenly the cross hanging on his back, sleeping with him. Mermaids grabbed him from behind by the arms and began to tickle. He laughed so long until it fell. Then it seemed to him that mermaids put it on a branch and carried it in silence. And in the morning he was awakened by his father. "
Where are they?
As did the Slavs, most of the mermaids — the souls of drowned women who have committed suicide. Is Ukrainian legend, where she falls in love with a young and beautiful Polish Pan, who promised to marry her and promises not fulfilled. The girl disappeared. One fisherman told the monastery a few days later, he saw a young girl on the bank of the Dnieper: her face was scratched with needles and branches of trees, hair tossing and torn clothes, but he did not dare to swim up close to her, out of fear that it was either a possessed woman, or wandering soul of any dead, grave sinner. Medicine man tells his mother that her daughter drowned and became a mermaid and give her advice on how to get her home. With the help of magical amulets she did it. She begs her mother to let her go home, that, in the underwater housing, because it "stuffy live among men." It even offers a mother drown, to become a mermaid. The mother did not let her go and she sat for a year without moving or speaking.
A year later, when it was yet another "rusalkina week", the girl woke up and shouted "our, our" ran away with the other mermaids. And the next day in the woods nashdi body that same lord, with no signs nailstvennoy death — mermaids tickled him to death.
More mermaids can steal unbaptized girls or drown a woman who went to bathe, not wearing a cross. They will also become mermaids.
A mermaids seduce men. There is a legend about how a young man in love with a mermaid and no witch doctor could not get it to stop loving her. And having seen the object of his love in the fire oven (of course, it was an obsession) — thought that it burns and ran into the fire to save her, and died.
Where they have more?
Rusalopodobnye being present in the mythologies of various countries:
Greece. Sirens — beautiful virgins with a fish tail instead of legs and the bird's claws. Beautiful voices fascinate navigators.
Serbia. Forks — winged beauties, spirits of the mountains, lakes and wells. They wear long dresses magic. Sympathetic men, resentful and orphans. Angry, capable of killing look. Forks had almost traditional appearance of mermaids, with the only difference being that they have a transparent body Forks — children clouds. They mistress pure springs. If the forks when they dance like mermaids, manages to drag in your youth dance — zacharuyut!
Baltic States and Germany. Undine and Nara. Root "Unda" ("water") is present in many Germanic and Baltic languages. In the mythology of these peoples anciently known undine — water spirits. This beauty with luxurious hair, well built, long-legged. Another thing — Ondine, existing in folk beliefs. They — the typical mermaid with fish tails. Besides Ondine in Lithuanian waters in ancient inhabited also bunk. Externally, they are exactly the same: the waist — Women below — fish. And the beauty of him.
However, they differ in character from their water sisters, Ondine. "Clear nights, as the month went out, they came out of the water, singing yes dance led. And then they were particularly beautiful: the rainbow shone, sparkled and shone! Many would like to admire their beauty. Yes, but not everyone could. "
Ireland. Murrow — distant relatives of sea maidens, a real beauty, but with fish tails instead of legs and webbed fingers. The appearance merrow ugly, but they are much kinder other mermaids relate to people, and often fall in love with mortals. Sometimes merrow come ashore in the form of small ponies, and the water they are allowed to live red hats with feathers. If you steal a hat, merrow can not return to the sea.
Central Asia. Su-kz. In Central Asia, near the town of Kara-Hissar, there is a large lake Oinarov gel. They live there, beautiful kzlar — half maiden, half fish. They go out on a sunny day in the water on a rock and comb gold braid. The appearance of these strange for those places: their eyes were blue, his eyebrows — curved, round chins, skin is white and white. Sometimes, the guys all day guarding the beauties at the lake, but only in vain: they see there kzlar-man rush into the water and no longer appear.
So, there is actually a mermaid or not? To this question no one can give an exact answer. The official science course, they are considered mythical characters. And the true Christian believers tend not to swim without a cross or at least baptized before entering the water.