Otgremeli battles on the Italian armored vehicles. Wranglers calmed down a bit, but still accuse each other of all mortal sins of betrayal of the motherland to disregard human lives. After hearing and seeing all the eyes on the "Lynx" — was born here, an article published in the "military-industrial complex."
I hope that on this theme with Italian machinery in the Russian army will be left.
Purchase for the Russian army armored vehicles made in Italy caused a public outcry. Do not stand aside from the ensuing discussion, and weekly "military-industrial complex» (№ №
- Armored Car "Lynx"
The first Russian-protected special car GAZ-2975 "Tiger" by their appearance must UAE military authorities, which contributed to his development of about $ 60 million. Designed samples are shown in the exhibition IDEX 2001. However, despite the positive assessment by the customer, the contract for mass production for a number of reasons and has not been signed. As a result, Russia had protected the car almost ready for production. This technique of the Russian army had not previously interested in the military treated the usual eight-APC. However, the lack of mobility and maneuverability in an urban environment made them easy prey for the enemy.
The finished product, rather than improvements
The need for a new car first appeared in the Interior Troops (VV). "Tiger" in its current form, different from the model for the United Arab Emirates, built on TK, which is mainly determined by the requirements of explosives. The car has received a third class of body armor. Of course, the first copies were not without drawbacks. There were uncomfortable troop compartment, low quality manufacturing armored corps.
The origins of the decision is not known. However, to his credit the Ministry of Defense had put forward the following arguments. The Russian counterpart — GAZ-2975 had only a third-class armor, while the Italian competitor — the sixth. Mine protection imported cars ensured the survival of the crew by blowing under the wheel of six kilograms of TNT than the national analogue could not boast. Important was the fact that the revision of "Tiger" in order to improve its performance characteristics, additional tests, the organization of large-scale mass production could stretch, according to various estimates, up to five years, while the army at that time already in need of such technology.The armed conflict in South Ossetia has forced the War Department and the industry to take another look at the importance of this type of vehicle. It was at this time the leadership of the Defense Ministry decides on the acquisition of the Armed Forces of the large batch of protected vehicles, but all of a sudden were given priority over the Russian "Tiger", and the Italian armored cars Iveco LMV (Light Multirole Vehicle).
There is no reason to revise
The first appearance of Iveco LMV in Russia dates back to 2009. At this time, it was reported that OJSC "KAMAZ" own funds delivered to our country two Italian armored vehicles for the study and evaluation of the tests. In 2010 it was purchased two more, and in 2011 the Ministry of Defense of the means of us bought ten kits. Then in the Russian mass media reported that the planned conclusion of a major contract for the supply of equipment to the Armed Forces.
The official representative of the Russian Defense Ministry Colonel Alexei Kuznetsov hastened to deny this information, saying: "The Ministry of Defence does not address the issue of acquisition of foreign armored vehicles." He also added that "on the basis of one of the Research Institute of the Defense Ministry were tested a number of samples of armored tactical vehicles of various brands, including the Italian Iveco. The tests were carried out to study the experts of the Ministry of navigation features and fighting qualities in comparison with Russian counterparts ", but on June 16, the order number 650 of Defense vehicle is taken to supply the army.
In December of the same year allocated 30 billion rubles for the purchase of 1,775 units of this equipment. Terms of the contract stipulated the organization of production on the territory of Russia. This work it was decided to keep the facilities of OOO "MVPS" — a joint venture of "Oboronservis" and concern Iveco, located in Voronezh. In 2012, 57 vehicles are collected, and in 2013 organized an assembly at the production facilities of OJSC "KAMAZ" in Naberezhnye Chelny.
How will the future of Italian cars in Russia — is unknown, however, Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov in December 2012 said: "Today, Russia has a contract to build 358 armored vehicles Iveco and 57 of them have been collected at the facilities of the enterprise in Voronezh. As for the contract for 358 of these cars, I see no reason to revise it. "
Iveco LMV vehicle developed by Iveco Defence Vehicles in 2001 commissioned by the Sun in Italy on the basis of experience of running local conflicts in recent years. LMV was not only a high level of armor protection, but also a whole range of technical solutions designed to minimize the consequences of being blown up by mines and roadside bombs. Among them, — V-shaped bottom made of a multilayer material. This solution is designed to counteract the shock wave through its deflection and energy-absorbing deformation. During the first decade of operation of software company spent 28 demonstration explosions at the site. Aware of the ten cases of undermining in combat. The loss of life was recorded only 26 June 2011. Power lateral blast was 120 pounds of TNT, killing two in five people were in the car and three others were injured. As a result, the car was praised countries — participants of NATO who ordered more than 2,500 units.
Nevertheless, the Russian public and experts are still questions. In particular, why the choice was made in favor of Iveco LMV, which technologies are able to get the Russian industry, why the tests were not carried out by security in Russia and in Germany? The management of JSC "KAMAZ" has decided to give answers, which has invited journalists to view an enterprise engaged in the production of cars, "Lynx".
At a meeting with representatives of the local media Kamaz general director Sergei Kogonin explained why the choice fell on the Iveco LMV, and not German or Swiss Dingo ATF Eagle IV. One of the arguments in favor of this choice was the fact that the Italian car does not fall under the definition of armored fighting vehicles. According to the documentation, it is a protected vehicle, that is, does not have the restrictions on the sale and supply of foreign customers, which are imposed on military hardware (unlike the police). When, in 2009 KAMAZ acquired by their own means two first car, it would greatly facilitate the legal side of the issue.
The journalists were also interested in, and how and why the tests were carried out security vehicle was tested in Germany, not in Russia. According to Sergei Kogonina, ballistic tests were organized in the city of Ulm on a dedicated test site, and resistance to erosion tested in Shrobenhauzene. At the trials attended by Director General of KAMAZ, the chief designer, GABTU head of the Defense Ministry, as well as other representatives of the Ministry of Defense and the defense industry.
In the test car was shelled by Russian bullets B-32 7.62 millimeter from different distances and directions. Conditions correspond to the class 6a ballistic protection to IEC 50963-96. For two days the machine has withstood over two hundred hits, not been any breakthrough. Mine resistance was verified by two blasts of six kilograms of TNT under the wheel and under the bottom. Inspection of specialized mannequin, fully simulate the human body, has shown that the crew in the event of such exposure does not take damage, incompatible with life.
Sea trials were conducted on the basis of scientific and technical center OJSC "KAMAZ" and FSI "21 NIII Defense Ministry" in the suburban town of Bronnitsi. After eliminating the shortcomings Defense has prepared an order to "take the car Iveco 65E19WM (LMV) to supply the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation" and decided to buy a pilot batch for military trials. At the same time, the Italian car has received the Russian name "Lynx".
- JSC "Remdizel" — build "Lynx"
The first specimens raised in Russia, were not designed for use in winter conditions. There were no protection from the snow, a special circuit, mounted on wheels, and a front bumper when driving in deep snow pushed in front of him snowdrift, which significantly reduced the rate of stroke. A record of these tests can be easily found on the Internet, since it was she who caused a storm of criticism of the Italian machine.
Later in the design of dozens of changes have been made, allowing the vehicle to acquire new qualities. Learn about what is the current "Lynx", managed as part of a visit to the JSC "Remdizel", which is a company of OJSC "KAMAZ". This company specializes in the overhaul of vehicles, components and assemblies. It is at its facilities organized assembly production. Company chief Hafiz Faiz told in detail about the process of production, and of the qualities has a new car.
"Lynx" in the basic version — it's all-wheel drive armored vehicle designed to carry troops and military cargo, as well as solutions to combat and other tasks combined arms formations and peacekeeping forces. Has a high ballistic and mine protection, and design for assembly and towing various types of weapons and special equipment. Planned to be produced, "Lynx" in three versions.
Basic short. Designed for the transportation of personnel, weapons and installation of fighting. It has a wheelbase of 3230 mm, load capacity — 750 pounds, can carry four troopers, not including the driver.
Basic long. Performs the same tasks as the short, but differs slightly longer wheelbase to 3,530 millimeters larger capacity — 950 pounds, and can seat six troopers.
Sanitary long. This armored medical vehicle will be used to provide medical care and transportation of the wounded, has similar characteristics of the base long version.
The development of production is planned in three phases. On the ground, which is being implemented at the moment, you are installing the cargo compartment, spare wheel, winch, hood, brackets and towing rods. The second stage involves an additional subassembly frame, installing the engine, cab and transmission. Finally, the third phase is planned to reach the level of localization of 50 per cent.
We should also consider how to distribute between OJSC "KAMAZ" and Iveco DV operations for the production of cars. It was assumed that the Russian company will produce the elements of a composite material shell for armor, glass, cladding panels, as well as car dashboards and will mount chassis. The Italian company will retain the welding of the hardtop and body, interior and exterior trim cab, put the air conditioning, seats and other equipment, and will be installed in the cockpit and vehicle assembly as a whole. In addition, Iveco DV establish a set of special equipment, a bottom mine protection and cargo bay. Running-in and acceptance of the finished car also remain for a foreign partner.
But, in all likelihood, these plans were not destined to become a reality. The fact that this program is to increase the level of localization was developed at a time when it came to buying kits 1775, now plans to build on the current year 358 cars, and the question of what will happen next, and remained unanswered.
Contrary to rumors
Most employees and company management are outraged when they meet in the media speculation about his relationship with the Italian company. Repeatedly in the press speculation about what gets kickbacks KAMAZ for this contract and how many more will. The absurdity of such information, as the Director of "Remdizel" Hafiz Faiz, is easily proved by the simple fact that there are no contracts between JSC "KAMAZ" and Iveco does not and never has been. The agreement for the supply of kits was signed "Oboronservis" with the Italian partner, then it is "Oboronservis" signed a contract with JSC "KAMAZ" to provide services for vehicle assembly.
Another claims made against the "Lynx" — the lack of continuity, especially in deep snow. March 15 at the site in Naberezhnye Chelny journalist weekly "military-industrial complex" was able to see for themselves how the Italian armored vehicles with a Russian name confidently conquering virgin snow at high speeds easily overcomes the steep climbs. Deputy Chief Designer of "KAMAZ" Yuri Kuharenko explained it using special tire chains, a modified design of the front bumper and yet close improvements.
As for those most imported technology, the acquisition of which the Defense Ministry explained its decision, there is the part of the domestic industry clear answers could not hear. Russian-quality ceramic armor with the active help of Israel could produce in Novosibirsk, the welding of the body shell, according to Yuri Kuharenko is also not new. All the technical solutions implemented in the new generation of Russian family car "Typhoon", laid without regard to the "Lynx". This suggests that the idea of access to foreign technology of production of armored vehicles actually been implemented.
We have to admit that KAMAZ, engaged in a Russian-Italian armored history, was not in the best position. The fact that the decision to select a vehicle and using it in the Russian army was accepted by the Ministry of Defense, and the criticism has fallen on the industry, it appears only service of its assembly. The key is a problem that currently exists is the lack of understanding of what to do with the "Lynx" on and what role the army should withdraw it. And this misunderstanding occurs in military environments, and in industry. Yuri Kuharenko said bluntly: "Actually, armored Iveco — a good cop car, indispensable in an urban setting."
So how do you assess the appearance of the "Lynx" in the Russian army? Is there anything in the event something positive, given that the new technology was not available, and the performance characteristics of the vehicle can not be called outstanding?
Answers still different, but we can not accept the fact that it is the decision to buy foreign cars became that the catalyst that dramatically accelerated the work of the Russian defense industry in the direction of the development of special protected vehicles.
Before the advent of "Lynx" is nothing but "Tiger" with a third type of protection, the industry could not offer sun. Now, forced work led to the emergence of several families of prospective armored vehicles. "Tiger-M" is not inferior to the security, including mine, surpassing in this Italian-roominess, terrain and load capacity. There are new family of armored vehicles "Wolf" and "The Bear" that pass the test. Most likely it is their birth can be considered as the main merit of the emergence of Iveco vehicles in Russia.
ps If admins recommend to move the material into a "personal blog" or far away — immediately do