Armament NE Iraq — 155mm self-propelled howitzers «Majnoon» 210mm and «Al Fao»

In the descriptions of the Iraqi armed forces and military conflicts with the role of Iraq, and then flickers mention of the self-propelled artillery system "Al-Faw" and "Majnun", but this disk imaging technology strongly enough. This article will be brought together the few facts that are available on the ACS today.

Beginning of development of modern technology — 1987. In the works of the self-propelled artillery systems are participating Spanish and French designers. In Spain (company "Tribiland") worked on the chassis ACS in France have studied the cannon part of future ACS. Both war machines were created on the basis of the South African car «Rhino», which is built and the South African self-propelled artillery system «G6».

Armament NE Iraq - 155mm self-propelled howitzers «Majnoon» 210mm and «Al Fao»

At that time it was the third attempt in the world (excluding the USSR), the creation of similar pieces of artillery on the wheelbase. Wheel formula new ACS 6X6. Until Iraqis wheeled self-propelled guns were made in Czechoslovakia (self-propelled howitzer Dana 152mm) and South Africa (self-propelled 155mm howitzer G-6). Creating a self-propelled 210mm guns at the time was dictated by providing advantages over the "neighbor" (Iran), who had armed South American self-propelled 175mm howitzer "M107".

The first public appearance of the new ACS — Spring 1989. Two prototypes were transported from Spain to Iraq on a transport plane An-124, the second international exhibition of military equipment, which was held in the capital of Iraq — Baghdad town. There are no clear data on the adoption of a 2-ACS data in the Army of Iraq is not, according to some reports were accepted only these two standards. Data on mass production there. The following military conflicts propelled howitzers did not take the role.

Prior to continue the story, we note that the creation of new ACS for Iraqi NE not work without the participation of the Canadian Professional design engineer Gerald Bull, who was involved in the creation of long-range guns. Under his personal control in Iraq launched a project "Babylon" — the creation of sverhpushki 350mm caliber with a barrel length of 160 meters. The estimated range of up to one thousand kilometers of ordinary shells and up to 2-thousand — rocket ammunition. Such an instrument could hold the entire region under the gun, because it is logical that the murder of a Canadian engineer in 1990, is credited with the Israeli intelligence services. Based on the opinions of professionals who examined the remains sverhorudiya, after the end of the military conflict in the Gulf, D.Bull had every chance to finish his tool, but after his death, all work on the completion of the guns were discontinued, it may be that Iraq did not have enough time and money — in 1991, the war in the Persian Gulf.

Armament NE Iraq - 155mm self-propelled howitzers «Majnoon» 210mm and «Al Fao»

The arrangement and design of Iraqi self-propelled howitzers
Both howitzers are monotonous bogies. Separation of management made in the front of the case, in which there is a driver-mechanic. Place the driver-mechanics performed by the type of ACS G6, survey carried out in three armored windows, landing driver-mechanic is through a hatch in the top of the cab. Next comes the MTO set in what diesel from the German company "Mercedes-Benz", with features power 560 hp OU is quite isolated from the MTO. In the back of the turret installed part. Along the edges of the input hatches are made to fit the vehicle crew. At the rear of the tower part of a spetslyuk for loading ammunition in the car. At the bottom there are two hatches for emergency exit from the tower of the machine. Chassis ensured wheels with tires «21.00 XR25» and the automatic support of their pressure. For the production of fire from howitzers, additional supports, according to the calculations of designers, there is no need.

The main differences between the standards — Artillery of the cars. On self-propelled howitzer «Majnoon» set 155mm 52-caliber barrel length, having an ejection device, and cross-slotted muzzle brake and self-propelled howitzer cannon «Al Fao» set 210mm 53-caliber barrel length, having an ejection device, and 2-chamber single-row window muzzle brake . In both machines aiming device for direct fire is placed on the left side of the tower, next to the cannon.
Both howitzers were designed to fire shells over-range type «ERFB» and «ERFB-BB» with gas generators, which are the main ammunition for gayubits towed type «G-5" and «GH N-45." Active-missiles were not used.

The main properties of the self-propelled howitzers «Majnoon»:
— weight — 43 tons;
— length — 12 meters;
— width — 3.5 meters;
— height — 3.6 m;
— speed highway / not equipped with roads — 90/70 km / h;
— caliber — 155mm;
length Barrel — 806 cm or 52 gauge;
— The number of rifling of the barrel — 48;
— ACS rollback — 1041 cm;
— vertical / horizontal viewing guidance — (0-72) / ± 40 degrees;
— range of fire ERFB / ERFB-BB — 30.2/38.8 km;
— the initial velocity of the projectile — 900 meters;
— over-range projectile weight — 45 pounds;
— rate instruments — up to 4 high / min.

The main properties of the self-propelled howitzer guns «Al Fao»:
— weight — 48 tons;
— length — 15 meters;
— width — 3.5 meters;
— height — 3.6 m;
— speed highway / not equipped with roads — 90/70 km / h;
— caliber — 210mm;
— Barrel Length — 1113 cm or 53 gauge;
— The number of rifling of the barrel — 64;
— ACS rollback — 1041 cm;
— vertical / horizontal viewing guidance — (0-55) / ± 40 degrees;
— range of fire ERFB / ERFB-BB — 45/57.3 km;
— the initial velocity of the projectile — 990 meters;
— over-range projectile weight — 109.5 kg;
— rate instruments — up to 4 high / min.

Sources disk imaging:
http://prom1.livejournal.com/203824.html
http://raigap.livejournal.com/165615.html
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/G6
http://www.artillerist.ru/modules/myarticles/print_storyid_69.html

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