Japanese nuclear rift. Earthquake in the Land of the Rising Sun horrified world

The true extent of the natural disaster in Japan have yet to appreciate.  Photo Reuters

World intensely following the situation in Japan, where the most powerful earthquake in 140 years of records from the subsequent tsunami claimed thousands of lives, as well as endangering the health and safety of hundreds of thousands of people. Main concern is the situation at the plant, where an explosion occurred on Saturday and did everything possible to minimize the consequences of the accident — the most serious incident in the nuclear field after the Chernobyl disaster in 1986.
In the worst case, the situation at the site of the first power plant, "Dai-ichi Fukucima" scenario could develop nuclear accident "Trimaylaylend" in the U.S. in 1979. This view is shared by Russian experts. Accident 30 years ago in Pennsylvania was awarded the fifth category on a seven-Nuclear Event Scale of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). More serious incidents have occurred at nuclear facilities in the USSR and the UK — at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986 (on a scale of seven IAEA — "major accident") and "Mayak" Kyshtym under the city in 1957. The explosion of storage containers of highly radioactive waste at "Mayak" dangerous cloud spread over hundreds of miles, killing at least 200 people, about 10.8 thousand people were evacuated. According to the International Atomic Energy Agency, the incident at "Mayak" was drawn by six. It was a "serious accident." Also in 1957 a serious accident occurred at the Windscale plant in the UK.
The Japanese government estimates the event of a nuclear power plant "Fukushima Dai-ichi", where there was an explosion on Saturday, as the fourth level of the incident — "accident without significant off-site risk." It is assumed that there is damage to the nuclear fuel and the release of significant quantities of radioactive material within the object. On Saturday at reactor number 1 of the plant were detected radioactive substances cesium and radioactive iodine, according to NHK. It is believed that iodine-131 is a threat to human health in the body it can get from contaminated food to accumulate in the thyroid and cause cancer. The greatest danger it poses to children. To reduce the destruction of the thyroid gland is usually used potassium iodide. As noted by New York Times, in the long term, greater threat is cesium-137. In case of severe infection, it can cause severe burns or death. Authorities conducted the evacuation of the population in the 20-kilometer radius from the plant.
Yesterday RIA Novosti reported with reference to the Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano says there is a danger of a new explosion at a nuclear power units, "Fukushima Dai-ichi." According to him, the third nuclear power plant unit was able to raise the water level, the process of cooling the reactor is adjusted. However, it is likely that hydrogen up to the ceiling unit and may cause a similar explosion Saturday in the first block, said Edano. Radiation level (7 am Sunday) rose within the station to 1557.5 microsieverts per hour (1015 — rate exposure for person per year), but after a half hour down to 184.1.
The specialists of "Rosatom" argue that even the most pessimistic scenario "does not involve cross-border movement of gaseous fission products, which would lead to increased background radiation in the Far East of Russia to a level that can affect the health of the population (up to 10 microsieverts) and requires special events ". However, for continuous monitoring of the situation and response to the basis of "Rosatom" shaped headquarters.
The accident at the nuclear power plant is due to earthquake magnitude 9 on the Richter scale, which occurred last Friday. Disrupted electricity to three power plant "Fukushima Dai-ichi" with single-circuit boiling water reactors, which was commissioned in 1971.
In Japan, there was a lack of food.  Photo ReutersThe reactors were stopped firing of automatic protection. In order to ensure uninterrupted power plant needed to cool down reactors, including generating sets. However, in the subsequent tsunami emergency diesel generators have failed, leading to a breach of core cooling.
Experts still find it difficult to final estimates of the damage caused by the earthquake and tsunami Japan nuclear power plant, as well as the country as a whole. As Kyodo reported yesterday, the number of dead and missing as a result of the Great East Japan earthquake reached almost 2 thousand 1.13 thousand people were injured. In several prefectures missing including more than 10 thousand people. More than 10 thousand dead is just one Miyagi prefecture, which is the most affected by the disaster. This was announced yesterday, the local police chief Naoto Takeuchi.
Hundreds of thousands of people are suffering from a shortage of drinking water and food in the north-east. In Iwaki town with a population of almost 350 thousand at the end of supply of food and fuel. City de-energized, the shops are closed. Police issued the homeless people blankets and rice balls. On Saturday night, in the areas affected by the disaster dramatically colder, said broadcaster NHK. Some refugee reception centers have difficulties with heating people due to lack of fuel.
"Justifies Japanese proverb that the worst thing — the father, fire and earthquake. I do not know about my father, my father too far, but the fire and earthquake, it turns out, it's really hard times — says witness the incident, Russian teacher, who is trained in Japan, Olesya Emelyanov. — So my father, probably too much, but obviously forgot to take into account the tsunami. And it was the waves, apparently, will bring the most terrible consequences. "
"Houses were jumping, things were falling … So, without thinking twice, turn off all heaters, remembering the saying goes, and opened the shoji wall (something like a large window to the street), as a Japanese girlfriend have not once explained that you need to prepare a passage in which creep in the case if the structure collapses. Running out into the street, you can still enjoy a couple of minutes "attraction". I think, to Disneyland in the near future is like. But once finished, "attraction", started Running town. The task — to find a home in the suburbs of Tokyo. Trains stood up, and the crowd were sent from the offices in the center of the earthquake in their battered homes. All had to walk back to 2, 3, 4 … 9 … hours "- said the interlocutor" NG ".
"The fear of aftershocks was so great that we did not know what floor dorm bed: first, to quickly run out to the street, if it starts to shake, and the sixth — in the event in fewer blockages. In other words, it was a disaster. "

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