Hardly, who would not agree that of all the regions of the North Ruska, the most mysterious and least understood is Vologda. Speaking of pre-Christian Vologda region, one can not make assumptions about the existence of her pagan shrines, which had apparently been vandalized and cruelly destroyed by the example of Novgorod and Kiev. It should be noted that the first proponents of radical Christianity in no way inferior to the atheist impulse "militant atheists" — Communists.
Recall that in Kiev, Perun was tied to the tail of a horse and svolokli Knyazhev with mountains in the Dnieper, with twelve men bashed him with the rod. In Novgorod, the situation was repeated with the only difference being that the road on which Perun dragged in Volkhov was previously smeared feces … "there is hardly a single person in the whole country who would have known the Holy Gospel, for the most part do not even know the commandments, and do not know how read the shortest prayer. Although there are icons in every home, but the dust and time are such as the need for greater specialization — know — what the saint was once on the board image. "
Even more eloquent testimony — against residents Berezhnoslobodskoy parish Totma County results not pages of "Vologda Collection" village teacher of Brusentsev L.Skvortsov: "First, most of the population and especially small children are not breast cross, and secondly, in each home has a place for deliberate holy icons and icons themselves, but the latest in a form such that the soot and dust do not give even the ability to recognize — on whose board was once vozzhzhenii image … Oh well before the icons, at least in the annual holidays, lamps and there is no trace. Thirdly, the concept of the Twelve, or annual festivals throughout the mass of the population is extremely poor. The existence of such holidays as Candlemas, Transformation, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, to its entry into the Temple, and many have not. Naturally in this case, that no woman, and most men do not know how to read even the shortest prayer, and some can, then almost completely distort the meaning of words, for example, instead of "Our Father" reading — "our eyes", etc. " .
In strict accordance with the Christian canon of the church were placed directly on the site of destroyed pagan Slavic temples and churches. Crushing and defiling the image of the Gods Rusich, Vladimir "and commanded cuts tsrkvi postavlyati to places idezhe stoyasha Idols." This tradition was strictly observed in all the Rus cities and towns, including in Vologda …
Took nearly a thousand years …
Despite the fact that almost all the territory of the Vologda region in the early 20th century was covered with a fine network of parishes, in the greater part of the Christian faith, and did not take.
Ample evidence of this are found in the works of the pre-revolutionary ethnographers.
"As for the spiritual enlightenment of the people — wrote N.A.Ivanitsky — then here we find such an amazing fact that my narrator, a native of the village Markovo perfect heathen. The Christian God (meaning the Jewish God the Father — Jehovah) he had just heard from the parents of Christ is never no one could hear the Gospel is not chityval, barely able to cross and knows not only the most important prayers, but even that which Tolstoy elders recite: "You three, three of us, have mercy on us." Local clergy visits villages joining for just to collect the gifts of bread and the holidays and, of course, in any spiritual and moral conversations with their parishioners not enter. "
Typical Vologda residents of the late 19th century.
Describing the religious spirit of the population Troitsiny Kadnikovskoe county A.Shustikov, said:
More paganism ethnographers recorded in local rituals, customs, superstitions, charms, superstitions, etc. Vologda folklore, paganism generally so saturated that Retrieving it later Christian accretions will be for future research challenge. It is highly significant as the attitude of the peasants of Vologda to his clergy, to which, in the words of N.A.Ivanitskogo, "is a complete disregard." This is also indicated in the Vologda prevailing proverb: "Slim gentry ponomarstva worse," "Pop thick skull", "Pop greedy hands, eyes zaviduschie", "will be born — good and dead — will not go away (that will pop and born, and with the dead), "" I'm not one of those who rob naked (say ass in reproach). "
Ethnographers often accuse the Rus farmers in ignorance, but do it completely unfair. Under the "ignorance" in the first place means "backwardness" in the religious and political terms. But bloody communist orgy of the last century has shown convincingly that such "ignorance" is just hiding the age-old proverb: the Rus peasant instinct disown delusional political and religious ideas, which at that time was so passionate about so-called "Russian intelligentsia," representatives is proudly considered themselves these ethnographers …
The swastika is the most common pattern in Vologda
It is very significant in this sense attitude of the peasants to the famous Vologda "Peter's post," begins one week after Pentecost and continues until Peter's Day (July 29). About the "Apostles 'Fast' — shows N.A.Ivanitsky — speak in jest, that he invented the priests of plotting with rustic old women, the first referring to collect" petrovschinu "(priests requisitions in kind from the peasants), and the latter in order to accumulate oil.
Almost word for word leads to it, and SM Maksimov, adding to it the following: "However, the example of the Vologda skeptics must admit an exception, as in central Russia Petrovsky post observed among the peasantry in all strictness of ecclesiastical statutes." Today we can safely put this "skepticism" is credited with the Rus peasants Vologda. Peter's post, as it is known, was introduced in Russia in the first half of the XI century to accelerate the eradication of pagan rites rusalskih. This post covers one of the main pagan festivals — Midsummer Midsummer and adjacent Rusal, so often referred to in the "Hundred Chapters" and "Instructions against paganism." I recall that the introduction of this post perplexed even the Metropolitan — Greek Gregory, who thought his blatant stupidity. Despite all its efforts, the clerics have failed drown pagan culture. Even day Oianna Baptist priests deliberately imposed on our Slav Kupala, led only to a merger of the two names with a clear predominance of pagan Kupala — Ivan Kupala.
Svastichnye Vologda-spinning "Kopyla"
As you can see, the skepticism "ignorant" peasants Vologda was justified. But since the introduction in Russia Petrovsky post until ethnographers of fixing this "skepticism" has passed at least eight and a half centuries! Keepers of ancient knowledge in the Rus village were witches or sorcerers — spiritual heirs drevnerusskih Magi, magicians, sorcerers, scorner, kobnikov etc. "Simple rural magician — wrote B.A.Rybakov — should know and remember all the rituals, incantations, ritual songs, be able to calculate calendar dates of magical action, to know the healing properties of herbs. By the sum of the knowledge he had to approach the modern professor of ethnography with the only difference that the ethnographer should seek out a long half-forgotten remnants, and the ancient magician learns from his teachers predecessors. "
Spinning wheel with six radial swastika
In my opinion, a professor of modern ethnography in the degree of the depth of their knowledge is as distant from the sorcerer drevnerusskogo how modern freshman is from the venerable professor of Ethnography. That is why throughout the history of the "Russian Orthodoxy," the common people did not cease to seek assistance from the village healers and wise woman, with good reason, to treat them with reverence. "There is not a single village in the parish, teacher certification L.Skvortsov — in which there was no wizard or witch, and to address them, and is not considered a sin. Belief in the power of witches extraordinary, but because the "damage" they currently contain almost all the apartments free, respected, and give fabulous rewards for services. "
It should be noted that the services znaharok still successfully use and urban residents, especially when it comes to children and the elderly. The number of these grandmothers are currently low, but they always have been, are and will be. Give them the gods of health and happiness!
In recent years, interest in Slavic paganism has increased significantly. Withstand the onslaught of alien millennial Christianity and seventy militant Communism, mysterious world of our ancestors continue to disturb the imagination of their distant descendants. Paganism never died, for centuries it only absorbs the new components and assimilates them to his advantage. To verify this, just look around: in our small country can hear the echo of honoring family, and our unique culture — an echo of ancient cults, and in the way of our life — honoring the goddess Lada and alive. Deeply convinced that it is in pre-Christian Russia, in this ancient and mysterious period of our history, we look for the real spirit of the Rus. That is where the key to the understanding of our past, present and future.
The material was prepared by the publications of the Vologda regional specialist and collector M.Surova.