Childhood and youth of Adolf Hitler — the roots of Nazism

Childhood and youth of Adolf Hitler - Roots of NazismThe future Führer of the German people, the leader of the most "civilized Aryan" race, born in the heart of Europe, in Austria, in the town of Braunau am Inn on the River. His ancestors — the 52-year-old Aloysius and 20-year-old Clara Gidlera (nee Peltsl). Both branches of his family were originally from the Waldviertel (Lower Austria), a remote hilly area where the work of the community engaged in a languid young farmers. Alois — the son of a wealthy farmer — instead of having to go on the track Thoren, has made a career of customs bureaucrat, well advancing through the ranks. Alois, being an illegitimate bore the name Schicklgruber until 1876 — his own mother's last name, has not officially changed it — as was brought up in the house's uncle Johann Nepomuk Gidlera — to Hitler. By April 1889, when his son was born, Alois had been married for the third time. It was a pretty rich burgher, who received more than decently municipal pension and try to live in the town of manners, hard copying the "manor" style of life. He even bought the estate for himself near the town of Lambach, becoming, though not large, but the landowner (and later, Alois, however, was obliged to dispose of it).

Neighbors in one voice acknowledged his authority (it was hard not to recognize the authority of the irascibility and resounding Barbel, who was walking forever in official uniform). Mom Adolf was quiet, hard-working pious lady with a stern face and palely tremendous attentive eyes. It was, as it is covered, a clogged. True, the "downtrodden" are necessary to realize ambivalent: as an argument in the family quarrels Alois did not hesitate to give vent to his fists. And the reason for the quarrel could be anything. Namely, a retired customs officer caused displeasure that Clara could not bear him a son. The presence of male heir was a major highlight for Alois. Adolf and his younger sister Paula were born weak, prone to a lot of different diseases.

There is a theory according to which the father Hitler was half-Jewish, and the Adolf Hitler was a Jew by a quarter, that is, Hitler had Jewish blood, and in this regard, he simply has no right to utter anti-Semitic speech. It must be emphasized that the very Adolf born as a result of incest, because his father Alois Hitler married for the third time a lady (the future mother of Hitler), being in relationship with her second degree. So, Adolf Hitler, one of the most frequently curses the historical figures of the past century, came into this world, having received an inheritance from their parents is not very good health, but a clear mind and the inherent peasants perseverance. Specifically, it has become a prerequisite for persistence and its high-rise and the deepest fall.

Soon learned to read, he quickly acclimated to his father's library and honed ability to talk to peers gleaned from the history books. Oratory of German Fuhrer is rooted in a distant childhood. In general, not just rhetoric — a native of youth and became a world-famous swastika. The first time he saw the swastika or "cross Hanga", at the age of 6 years, when I was singing in the choir boys in Lambahe in eastern Austria. It was introduced by the former abbot of the monastery Hung as a coat of arms in 1860 carved on a stone slab over a gallery of the monastery. Designed personally by Hitler with a swastika flag in 1920, became the banner of the NSDAP, and 1935 — the municipal flag of Nazi Germany.

Adolf stood in the middle of his comrades persistence, appearing in all of the favorite children's games. Moreover, the love of storytelling and a penchant for leadership nearly led the coming of the leader of the German people to the church career. "In my free time I have other occupations studied singing in the choir school in Lambahe — he recalled in the pages of" Mein Kampf. "- This gave me the opportunity to go to church often and directly intoxicated pomp, ceremony and festive glitter religious festivities. It would be very natural , if only for me now was the position of abbot in the same standard as they at one time for my father was as a village pastor. During certain times it was so. But my dad did not like any oratorical talents of his fighter-old son, nor my dreams of becoming abbot. " Thoughts of the clergy attended not only Hitler dreamed to become a church hierarch in his time, and Joseph Goebbels — Hitler's closest ally. Achieve their dreams, church, without a doubt, acquired a beautiful, utterly devoted to her servants, and the world — who knows! — Would have been without the Third Reich.

But soon the dream of the future, connected with the church, leaving Adolf Hitler came to replace the dream of becoming a fighter. Junior forms the base of "people" school of Adolf won without effort. But, having completed basic classes, it was necessary to elect a school or real school to continue their education. Naturally, Alois gymnasium was not to the liking. This in-1's, would have cost the family is quite expensive, and in-2, taught in high school a lot of the humanities, it is useless bureaucrat in the state service. Because Adolf began to attend a real school in Linz, then his progress has been very non-personal. Children dream of a military career a bit faded, and her place was taken by the desire to become an artist. This idea, supported by good taste, stiff arm and ability draftsman, forever captured Hitler. But his father was against it. It is one thing — to be able to draw, and more — all for the sake throw implicit future that awaits the artist!

Alois Gidlera was heavy on hand and quick to flogging and often blew his fists when the rest of the arguments ended or he turned out to be very intoxicated, so that recourse to them. So, contradicting father, Adolph exposed himself completely real threat: a drunk Alois not watching where Lupita, and shape the force. In Germany, made a sensational discovery: Found diary written by the younger sister of Adolf Hitler — Paula. Diary shows that Paula's brother was a brutal child and often beat her. Historians have also found the memoirs written with half-brother Alois Hitler and half-sister, Angela. In one passage describes the ruthlessness of Hitler's father, also named Alois, and how Adolf's mother tried to protect the offspring from the constant beatings, "In horror, seeing that his father could no longer hold back their own unbridled anger, she decided to finish these tortures. She rises to the attic and closes Adolf his body. When Adolf Hitler was 13 years old, his father died suddenly of apoplexy.

Adolf somehow held on to release a real school, and it was already preparing for the matriculation exams. But it happened to him bad luck: he came down with pneumonia and, at the urging of doctors for a long time was required to avoid severe stress on the nervous system. Subsequent to the year of recovery, Hitler was not working and had not been trained. But he went to Vienna to find out about the ability to enter the Academy of Fine Arts, joined the Company's library of public education, read a lot, he took piano lessons. His life was in that year would have been quite blissful and, if not to overshadow the entire event — the heightened disease mother, after the death of a spouse. Fearing that after leaving Linz, he would not find Clara live, Adolf gave up the idea to go to the Academy of Fine Arts in the autumn and stayed with his mother. In January 1907, she underwent surgery, and although the recognition of the attending doctor it co
uld only briefly postpone death, Clara assured the son that her condition improved measurably. Adolf, comforted by these assurances, again went to Vienna, cherishing the dream — to become finally a real artist.

Hitler took exams at the Academy of Fine Arts. "When I announced that I was not accepted, it worked on me like a bolt from the blue — Adolf wrote in the pages of" Mein Kampf. "- Dejected, I left a beautiful building on the square Schiller and for the first time in his own short life experienced a sense of disharmony with himself. fact that I have now heard from the rector regarding my ability immediately as lightning lit up to me, the internal contradictions that I subconsciously felt before. only so far I could not give a clear report for yourself why and why it happens. After a number of days, and I myself was totally clear that I should be an architect. " Interestingly, as this could be a personal evaluation. When, in 1919, Adolf Hitler paintings — watercolor landscapes and portraits, oil painting — painting showed bolshennomu connoisseur Dr. Ferdinand Steger, who made a particular verdict: "It is a unique talent." And how would the history of revolutions, the rector of the Academy do a similar conclusion?

But it soon became not to Adolf architecture. He had to return to Linz, his mother was in ruin. In December 1908, she died, which was no small shock of Hitler's life. After the death of Adolf mom again went to Vienna. So Makar, the childhood of Adolf Hitler can not be called the "golden times" — heavy on hand, domineering father, stabbed, stabbed mother, the dream of a church career … And the dreams that are typical of a weak, introverted, but the smart kids — about justice, about the best life about the right laws, also the ability to adapt in a compartment with fanaticism in achieving this goal once. That order, which he established after many years in Germany, has roots originating from the youth.

After kutsee time he managed to find himself a job "on the profile": "In 1909-1910 my personal situation has changed somewhat. During this time I began to work as a draftsman and watercolorist. Whatever bad it was against earnings — it was all the same not bad from the standpoint of my chosen profession. Now I do not vorachivalsya evening home dead tired and unable to even pick up a book. My present work was going along with my future profession. now I was in a certain sense, a monarch of his time and was able to distribute it better than before. Renders I was trained for earnings and for the soul. " It should be said that Hitler's watercolors were bought up very rapidly: the artist, he still was good. Even those who number themselves his political opponent and did not have to praise at least some of its manifestations, recognized the picture of the young Austrian's significant achievement in the arts.

One reason for Hitler's zeal become an artist or an architect was to enter into the world of the ruling class, the elite, and bohemia, and continue to outshine his father, who rose from the farmers in the bureaucracy. In the Viennese period began to take shape and the political leanings of Adolf. Perhaps anti-Semitism of Adolf also a native of Vienna. On the one hand, the Jews in Austria-Hungary, not adored and despised. This anti-Semitism at the household level, was familiar with the Hitler Youth, was for him an integral part of the existing world. On the other hand, when Adolf moved to Vienna and tried to make a career as an artist, he could not see what impact the ability of cash and which are concentrated in the hands of the hateful and despised by the Jews. This contradiction could certainly be a source of his anti-Semitism.

After a couple years of Hitler's Vienna period ended. The hopelessness of his position in the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, multiplied by the ever-growing nationalism pushed Adolf away from Austria to the north, to Germany, Hitler moved to Munich. Another of the reasons that prompted Adolf leave Austria, was that it was time to be drafted into the army. But the minister of Austria-Hungary, he lusted. He did not lusted fight a war of Habsburg, Hohenzollern preferring them, did not want to serve in conjunction with the Slavs and Jews, considering the only decent service for the benefit of Germany. By the time Adolf felt himself no longer an Austrian and Germans. It seems however, the verdict of the Austrian Commission for being unfit for service did not stop him in the most first days of the First World to come to Germany's recruiting office and volunteered to join in the 16th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment. Art career in this for him over and began a career soldier.

First baptism of Hitler (29 October 1914) were in days of the 1st of bloody battles of the First World War. The German army advanced toward the Channel, that later envelop France with 2-sides, but on the way the Germans got seasoned British units that have had them stubborn and as it turned out a bit later, the successful resistance. The bill died in the 16th Bavarian went to hundreds of people. In this battle, lost part of its own commander and acquired a sad fame, but many of the survivors have been presented to the merit for bravery. Steel was awarded the Cross of the second degree, and Adolf Hitler.

This merit, surprisingly, before handing saved by his life. When open a discussion list submitted to the merit, soldier kicked out of the headquarters tent on the street — there were only a colonel and four commanders. Within a few minutes, the tent got an artillery shell. All that were there were killed or wounded, Hitler are also three of his companions were unharmed. Needless to say, the war Adolf was different than anything else unnatural luck. Some cases when, in obedience to the inner voice or coincidence of events, avoided destruction. One of these cases he described in his conversations with colleagues, lunch on the front line, as if he'd heard the inner voice commanding him to move to another location. "I got up and walked about 20 meters, taking your own lunch in a bowler hat, he sat down and quietly continued meal. Just starting to eat, I heard an explosion in that part of the funnel, which had just left. Stray grenade landed exactly in the place where I just had dinner together with his friends. They're all gone. " The ability to sense danger on a subconscious level, and it perfectly to avoid showing Hitler and later during the numerous attempts on his life.

Having survived the first terrible fight, Adolf was appointed liaison between the headquarters of the regiment and the leading positions — has become the cyclists — a bike messenger. The commanders assessed him as an honest, decent and measured, some kind of non-military, which not enough differed from their own comrades. Fellow soldiers as soon stuck to it "yarlychek" madman. It's too unusual silence seemed to them to Hitler, his habit, when there were cases with a view to fade away in thought, of which it was not to pull any forces. In general, at times he became very talkative and broke into longish tirades, almost speeches on the subject of his own thoughts. In most of them it was about his concern for the victory of the enemy on the other side of the front and in the rear of the enemy. Hitler acted very Kaiser's propaganda kept speaking about international komplote against Germany.

Hitler believed in the "Theory of the stab in the back" — a statement that immediately with the enemy, openly oppose Germany, there are conspirators, debilitating her strength from within. He seemed about zealous fighter, descended from the pages of a calendar or patriotic agitlistka. It is natural that a hot love for him fellow soldiers could not walk and talk. They thought he was unwell on the head of a corporal who dream to earn another badge. He paid them the same: intelligent, puritanical brought up to Adolf was
hard to fit into their surroundings — it shocked the barracks humor, they drove into the paint discussion about women and the brothels, because in a long time, Adolf remained a loner, a strong friendship is not actually connected it with anyone . In general, it is not in any way diminish his courage and awards. There are cases when he was rescued by the regiment commander, almost pulling it out of enemy machine gun fire, was able to single-handedly capture a British patrol, dragged to the German trenches wounded by a company commander under fire reached the artillery positions, preventing firing of their own infantry. However, far can not believe many of the stories that reached one of those times. For example, went down in the Third Reich anthology case when Hitler alone disarmed fifty Frenchmen — clean water discharge of fiction Russian textbook stories about Lenin and the inkwell.

But, like it was, in August 1918, he was awarded the rare merit for a fighter — Steel Cross First Class. In a submission to the merit of it was written: "In the conditions of positional and mobile warfare, he set an example of coolness and courage, and has always been called a volunteer, so that in most situations, languid with the greatest threat to life to deliver the necessary orders. Languid When battles were broken off all bands links important message, in spite of all obstacles, delivered as intended due to the tireless and courageous behavior of Hitler. " During the four years of the war, he participated in 47 fights, often find themselves in the inferno. By the way, over time, his courage and ability to instinctively avoid silly threats earned him a reputation-still in the middle of the front of the brotherhood. It has become something like the regimental mascot: fellow soldiers were convinced that if the next Hitler — nothing happens. It should be noted that it is healthy knocked him in the head, backed by smoldering since the idea of young people about their own chosen inherent in all a very developed and so lonely children and young people.

Similarly strengthened during the war and his belief that the internal komplot all the same there. It happened while he was in the rear of the fall of 1916, when after a slight wound in the thigh, he was directed to a hospital near Berlin. Behind Adolf spent almost 5 months, and, by his own admission, it was not the best time. The fact is that at this point the total, bringing together all the Germans interest on the war somehow subsided, the war turned into a phenomenon purely conventional and have to be honest, hackneyed As a consequence, it is very typical of wartime, floated on the surface of various Human "foam" — brazen tylovikov with contempt relating to those who rotted in the trenches, Man About Town — sons of wealthy parents, political agitators defeatist sense. The mood of the fighter, who arrived at the laconic term from the front, perfectly described by Erich Maria Remarque's novel "On the Western Front". For a person like Hitler who is totally and completely under the influence of front-line experience and war propaganda, this pattern would be just shocking. Special irritation caused him the Social Democrats, who continued his revolutionary agitation, despite the difficult situation in Germany. Them, and as it should — the Jews, Hitler and considered the main culprits of what is happening. But soon the brave corporal with no dolechennoy wound back to the front, stay in the rear was a burden to him. In addition, the primary concern at the time he dreamed, was a victory.

First, in 1918 Germany has dictated its terms at Brest-Litovsk, and after a little over a month has entered into a contract with Romania, Bucharest. Debilitating power war on two fronts over. Who knows what would have turned into a victory in Germany in the First World War? It may be that the National Socialist Party was not be based entirely or, as the same was based, would have remained a small extremist circle?

But the forces of Germany have already been undermined. There was a shortage of resources, the front of choking to death, without reinforcements. Advent sank. Be the imperial war machine more flexible, this moment could be elected to the truce on more profitable criteria than in Brest-Litovsk. Or find additional reserves to total mobilization and win the war to victory in what remained a matter of steps. But the German command delay, and, realizing that it was the first and maybe the only chance to counter-attack, the Allies in August 1918 first ran across in coming. At the end of September, it became clear that unless a truce right at the moment, the war will be lost. The transition from the emergency room waiting to win a losing very banged all over Germany.

Under the blow hit and Adolf Hitler: a situation that was quite a shock for him. Yet, he did not lay down weapons and fanatical obstinacy continued hope for magic, the fact that Germany is still able to get out of the war with dignity. In general, end the war he led a confluence of events: in the battle at Ypres, on the night of October 14, Hitler came under fire gas shells. A few hours later, he actually went blind tasted of strongest stinging and pain in the eyes and, of course, was sent to the hospital. In this hospital he met the news of the end of the war and the fall of the monarchy. November 10 lazaretny priest said the wounded that in Germany there was a revolution, republic and established a truce. Officer of the General Staff of the German Heinz Guderian wrote in November 1918, the wife of Munich, "No more of our lovely German Empire. Scoundrels trample everything in the ground. All the concepts of justice and order, duty and decency seems to have been destroyed. I only regret that I have there is no civilian dresses, so as not to show aiming to seize power bulk form, which I wore with honor twelve years. "

War ended in defeat. Coupled with it came the end of the period of time during which to Adolf Hitler remained a man, though politically aimed, but not eager to be active in the political game. The defeat of Germany became crystallized in it — a small, nebestalanny, but, in principle, very average little man — the features and zeal that made him Fuhrer, the leader of the most famous in the world of the totalitarian country. And it would not be so much in principle, does not provide him with the fate of those criteria, in which he was able to use these features and realize aspirations.

Do not be so scared allies protracted war, they do not strive for ever disarm Germany, most likely, nothing much would come out. There would be no chain of political crises that led to the rise of Hitler, no "dark Reichswehr" or the second world war. But members of the Entente, exposing requirements for the losing side, went too far, turning completely legitimate for a defeated enemy in the form of punishment and reparations to be ashamed of partial demilitarization penalty. Germany, already exhausted by the war, was robbed. Inconsistency of feedback tools and their maintenance has generated hyperinflation. A sharp, almost one-stage closure of military plants, reduction of the army and navy splashed on unprepared for the volume of this market is that of the labor force, unemployment has exceeded all limits. Announcements "I work at least some sort of" became commonplace, the crime situation has escalated beyond measure. This is, in general, is clear: in the street, with virtually no means of livelihood were hundreds of thousands of angry healthy guys who can expertly handle guns. The country has only recently powerful and rich, was plunged into poverty and lawlessness. Territorial loss gave power to nationalist sentiments, soon degenerated into a hatred of all "is not the Germans." Instead of non-hazardous, emasculated country backwoods of Europe, the Allies did albeit still weak, but the really ferocious enemy expectant own hours.

To this hour has struck, Germany did not have qui
te a few — force capable of assuming power and reach the goal — revenge. It is into this situation here and plunges his head Adolf Hitler — a retired corporal with 2 stripes "wound", twice holder of the Steel Cross, owner of letters "for bravery in the face of the enemy," a man, not very successful, quick-tempered and stubborn, well-read possessing the talent of the artist and a good ear holding his gaze on the world. The world, which he at that time did not like the brand. The war left a profound mark on his life. She eventually gave him a goal to which he has always sought. After a humiliating defeat for Germany in the war, Hitler returned to Munich. Enraged by the revolution in Germany and the rise of the Weimar Republic, he turned to politics, to fight and resist the Versailles Treaty of 1919, and the latest German democracy. Since he was still considered a state of their own an old regiment, he was assigned to spy on political parties.

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