October 19, 2011
Not so long ago, the Australians found themselves with fear that their 3,000-ton diesel-electric submarines of the class Collins expensive to maintain and operate than some of the larger U.S. nuclear submarines. Operation and service of each of the six class submarines Collins the currently manages more than $ 100 million a year. It costs more than the service of some of the American Boat (6000-ton Los Angeles and 7800-ton Virginia class, and even more submarines carrying ballistic missiles). Part of the problem is that the disposal of Australia has a total of 6 class submarines Collins, while the U.S. has more than 40 class submarines Los Angeles and more than 60 submarines in general. This allows the Yankees to reach a broader economic impact.
In Australia, there are other problems with its submarine fleet. At present, only two Collins class submarines are in working condition, the other four are technical service or repair. Typically, two of the six boats are on patrol, the two are preparing (but ready at any moment to go to sea) and two are technical service. One of 4 in services can also be rapidly focused on the sea. But the reality is such that now only two class submarines Collins ready for operation, whereas a limited training passes. The other three are on the repair. Segodnyaschy situation could last another year before it will change to the best.
All this takes place in is not the best time for the Australian Navy, because two years back decided it was decided that the submarines will be a key component of the Navy. Over the next 2-decades Australia intends to double the number of Submarine in service from 6 to 12. This would mean that more than half (12 of 23) of the major warships will be subs. Noteworthy in this relative isolation within the Australian submarine fleet. Because of this, and not a huge submarine, submariners have gained several officers of the highest rank in the Navy. The admirals have come to recognize that underwater boat is the best warship for Australia's needs (protection from a superior fleet of surface vessels, submarines or enemy seeks to blockade of civilization). 12 submarines of a new class of boat will vary Collins in the 2020s. The new boat will be larger (about 4,000 tonnes) and will cost about $ 2 billion each (more than the South American nuclear submarines of class VA).
While the admirals are making plans to increment the number of submarines, submarine specifically serving on submarines, running from ships. Very nearly all the sailors are not satisfied for many years. Studies show that the crew members feel unappreciated and overworked.
Half of them left the Navy fleet at the expiration of the initial contract. Many find the work boring and complain that they spend a lot of time at sea. As a result, over the past couple of years in the Navy trained sailors had accumulated only 3-4 teams from 6 class submarines Collins. The crew of each boat consists of 45 sailors (eight of them officers).
The first reaction of the naval fleet was to offer a huge foreign exchange gain to restrain now serving submarine in the Navy, so as to attract recruits trained to serve on submarines. It's just a little assist and then due to the morale of the officers. Allowances have increased the annual salary navigator to 38,000 bucks. This means that officers currently earn less than many of the sailors that they command. But even that is not possible to attract a sufficient number of recruits. Requirements for the very highest divers and many of those who were interested, and have not been approved for the passage of a long course of study.
The situation is further complicated by a rapidly growing economy and the increasing demand for engineering professionals with a few years of practical experience. This allowed engineers to more easily officers to leave the fleet and get a better paying and more than comfortable plainclothes work. Naval fleet replied currency premiums, better criterion of life and work, and other facilities. But the submarine force can not do much better conditions of service. Although submarines and have a modern design and built relatively recently, all of them the same subs. This means that the space is limited and there is no privacy.
All Western navies have faced similar neuvvyazkami and applied similar solutions with some degree of success. The advantage of U.S. submarines in their larger size (because of the nuclear power plant) and more than countless crews (nearly three times as large than the class submarines Collins). And it probably helps. Other countries have small modern diesel-electric boats like the class of Collins, but do not send them to faraway trips. Australia also can not escape the distant campaigns, as is surrounded by tremendous ocean on the resolution of which requires a lot of time. Specifically, such a sour monotonous office says sailors and is a prerequisite for their depression.
Office of the Navy, taking the decision to double the size of the submarine fleet, agreed with the need to increase the morale and fixes problems with the set. In another, they face the risk that a large part of the boat will occasionally go out to sea and will be staffed by inexperienced crews. It seems that the solution lies in a combination of growth of currency allowances and use the huge crew, so that each seafarer does not have to be so not much time at sea and reduce the burden on everyone. Another option is to have 2-crews for each boat, this practice has long been used by South American SSBNs (ballistic missile submarines) and some surface ships. An additional solution is the larger size of the subsequent class submarines, which will provide, in a literal sense, the greater the amount of living.
Today's Collins class submarines were built in Australia and put into operation in the period between 1996 and 2003. They are based on the Swedish design (Type 471). With a displacement of 3,000 tons, Collins half of U.S. nuclear Submarine Los Angeles-class, but almost twice as many European no nuclear submarines. Australia needed larger submarines because of the tremendous size of the oceans in the area.
Media not once reported the existence of numerous technical problems with the boats of the class Collins. Part of the reason for problems was the fact that Australia has a large shipbuilding industry and so Makarov has only a small handful of professionals are able to cope with the associated development of submarines difficulties. The design of these submarines was an innovation and ambitious, used a lot of automation. This has led to a decrease in the number of crew to 45 people, but as a result, and the highest in more workload for the sailors. This is the main cause of moral problems. Another problem with the small crew is that each man should be a specialist from the start, but whatever it takes years of training left.
The new submarines will be based on design Collins and possibly will have an independent air traffic system (AIP). This will allow the submarine to remain underwater for more than a week. To implement the decision to increase the size
of the submarine fleet will take time, as "Changeling Collins" boats will not be put into operation before 2025, that's when Collins ancient submarine will be ready for retirement.