Implementation of the strategic plan for the conservation of biological diversity of the Earth by 2020 will require several hundred billion dollars a year, but the potential benefits are more significant to the report, prepared for the participants of the UN negotiations on biodiversity in India's Hyderabad.
The report, prepared by a special commission headed by the economist of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Pavan Sukhdev, according to its authors, is designed to give a preliminary assessment of the financial resources required to achieve the so-called "Aichi targets." This strategic plan for biodiversity for the period up to 2020 was adopted at the talks in Nagoya, Japan in 2010.
As the report notes, the simple addition of estimates of funding for each of the 20 targets gives the total amount of the order of 150-440 billion dollars a year, but experts point out that not all of this amount of money should always be selected as the targeted funding for biodiversity protection. In addition, among many goals possible significant synergy that will reduce overall costs.
In particular, the protection of fishery resources in the years 2013-2020 will require 800 million to $ 3 billion a year, and in the transition to sustainable agricultural practices need to invest a total of 12 billion over eight years. In fact, to halve the rate of forest loss, according to experts, it takes about $ 40 billion a year.
UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner, introducing the report of the conference, said that this funding should be viewed as an investment, not a cost, because in addition to the direct environmental benefits of biodiversity protection will also create new jobs and save valuable economic resources.
As the British Guardian, the Indian government on the day of submission of the report pledge of $ 50 million for conservation programs within the country as well as in other developing countries. Environmentalists welcomed the move and urged other countries to follow the example of India.