Alive naval history, the famous Commune

Living history of the fleet, the legendary "Commune"

Issues emergency — rescue operation at the tragedies of warships and submarines paid great attention to Russian military scientists. In the middle of the 30-ies of the XX century, developed the theory, and then to the end of the decade were invented devices for rescue crew of sunken surface ships and submarines

But not enough people know that this issue has engaged the Russian sailors, while still in the Royal Navy.

After the failure of the Russian — Japanese war of 1905 Abused Our homeland was trying to make himself the groundwork for future retaliation by the naval forces of the Mikado. Preparations went on all fronts, very freshest wounds were still bleeding from the losses suffered due to the Russian Navy attacks the Japanese warships. Then, in the bowels of the Royal Navy Department and originated the project, the creation of a rescue vehicle ships.

Living history of the fleet, the legendary "Commune"

Naval General Staff jumped at the idea, which had found its realization in the project engineers Putilov (1911 year), Although there were still good works exhibited in the competition organized by the military sailors. Rescue ship "Volkhov" was laid in November 1912, in St. Petersburg at the Putilov, launched in November 1913 and in June 1915 joined the staff of the Baltic Fleet, is in a class of transports. Noticeable is the fact that during the descent of the vessel, a catamaran on the water Princess Romanov in 1915 broke the champagne against the hull of the vessel.

It should also be noted that in the manufacture of body parts used on their own unique ductility and toughness steel, the working formula of production which has sunk into oblivion. Today's condition hull of the ship, assembled in the shipyards of "Putilov" were still in a long time before the February Revolution, and at the moment are combat-ready — are deteriorating steel buildings still later production that are installed on lifeguard. After passing the sea of mandatory tests in July 1914 on the ship raised the flag of St. Andrew, which meant that the ship is in combat formation division of submarines of the Baltic Fleet, where it was used as a bathing base. They called it "Volkhov". According to its features of ship displacement of 3,100 tons was 96 meters long, 18.57 meters wide, with a board height of 8.40 meters, draft at all it was up to 3.65 meters. The case was executed in an "catamaran", 4 main ginya had the power to lift up to 1,000 tons.

Living history of the fleet, the legendary "Commune"

First time ship-lifeguard was involved in combat calculation summer of 1917, when the rise of the Aland archipelago performed submarine K-15, which sank in training exercises with an open hatch. 1st combat the rise sunken boat "Edinorog" was held September 24, 1917 rescue ship from a depth of 13.5 meters.

"Volkhov" took part in the revolution and civilian war, they say that the deck of the USS bathed in the blood of the royal naval officers, who were put to death on board the catamaran. In his own daily combat work the ship continued to serve ships RKKF just got another title respectively — "Commune". Already refreshed title rescuer took part in extinguishing a fire on the submarine "Snake", organized lifting Tender "Red-footed Falcon" and the boat number 4 "Red," which sank in severe weather criteria.

With illumine 1924, after the seafarers on the rescue ship has been increased up to 110 people, and the beginning of the Finnish company engaged in daily combat ship work, helping surface and underwater vessels, in which case of emergencies and disasters. By the results of their labor realities of war is the rise of British submarine L-55. Scuba ship was raised from a depth of over 60 meters step method. In the coming disaster were conducting rescue operations, such as the rise of sea sunken tug boat frontier and CP-7, software testing new submarines and carry out repair work on the ships of the Baltic Fleet. Closer to the top of the Finnish War "Commune" lifted from the bottom of the sunken submarine "Bolshevik", M-90, torpedo-boat and fell into the water fighter.

Living history of the fleet, the legendary "Commune"

Since the beginning of the war majestically Russian "Commune" will move to Kronstadt, and in March 1942 with 32 divers from the ship — a lifeguard service, "Road of Life" on Lake Ladoga, raising sunken cargo, vehicles and military equipment. During the war, more than 100 lifeguard raised wrecks Military — Navy and 300 objects from the national economy. All members of the crew of the ship — the worker was awarded various government awards, all received a medal "For the Defense of Leningrad".

After the end of hostilities ship engaged in repair — restoration work, only in 1954, a veteran of the Navy was able to stand up to "kapitalku", during which the Dutch diesel units were delivered instead of old times German who worked for his honest.
1967 year marked by the transfer of the ship to rescue the Black Sea Fleet, where the lifeguard reached its course, going around the whole of Europe.

The Sevastopol Marine Plant ship was refitted in the ship carrier vehicles for the study of ocean depths, for all that was given to him in passing emergency function — rescue vessel to lift the submarine and in 1973 renovations were completed.

"Commune" could be equipped with ACI (small rescue vessels), who worked at a depth of 500 meters, with the possibility of rescue crews from 16 to 20 people.

The lifeguard was equipped with above-standard equipment that included two devices for deep-water activities, such as search-2 operating at depths of more than 2 km. In 1979, the lifeguard was put on the regular upkeep on Sevmorzavod, and in 1984 the "Commune" as military ship was expelled from the Soviet Navy for the next transmission in the USSR. But scientists refused to take the vessel to the balance, and it is left to live out their own age in the Soviet Navy.

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