Old Slavic calendars

Old Slavic calendars

The ancestors of Ukrainians, Russian, Belarusian, Prussians, Etruscans and other peoples who settled long ago in Europe have several common calendar systems, is now in zabytyh.Dlya help, now is the year 7019 from the Creation in the Star Temple, that is, from 2011 AD
But I suggest in order.

The Slavs in ancient times there were several forms of calendar notation, but so far only a few have survived …
Right now we are Summer 7519 from the Creation in the Star TempleBut … it does not mean that our world was created 7519 years ago …
Creation of the world in ancient times was called a peace treaty between the warring nations. Thus we have a "new frame of reference."
This is the peace treaty between the Great Race (ancient
Slavs) and the Great Dragon (the ancient Chinese) was concluded in the autumn equinox, or 1 day of the month Summer 5500 by Big Freeze (Great cooling). Victory then won the Great Race, which was displayed in view of the image — White knight on horseback slaying the Dragon. (Now that image is interpreted as Georgy victorious winning the ancient serpent … but this very George nothing to ancient events
no … there's just a fact of the ancient Christian image for their own purposes).

Our calendar or as we say Carol Dar,was banned by Peter the Great 307 years ago. In the summer of 7208 he issued a decree to abolish all the old calendars that exist simultaneously in the Russian land, and introduced Western European calendar of Christmas, while he suffered beginning calendar Rosh Hashanah, the Day of the Autumn Equinox (the Slavs-Old Believers) and September 1 (the Christians) by 1 of January, and marked the start date — 1700.
Start date of the new calendar was chosen by Peter the Great is not accidental. December 25, the whole Christian world celebrates Christmas. According to the Bible, on the eighth day of the baby Jesus was circumcised according to the Jewish rite, ie 1 of January, the Christian Church celebrates the Circumcision of Our Lord. It is this date and chose Peter … he issued a decree ordered all subjects to mark the beginning of a new calendar, and congratulate each other with Happy New Year.

Brief comment.
In the court of Peter the Great in Russian did not talk much, which is why he was considered the language of the common people … basically all communication went to holland and German languages.
So the word year (God) in these languages, means God … ie Peter made his decree subjects to congratulate each other on the New God, the day of his circumcision. This joke Petrov still exists, and the people lost the original meaning,
January 1 continue to congratulate each other on the New circumcised by God, not from Beginning of the Indiction as it was before …

Notice the ancient vaults of past events are called — a chronicle, not Godopisyami. We still ask each other — how old you are, not how much you s …

Also … Peter, do not just replace the old with a new calendar … he stole from the people of 5,508 years Grand Heritage foreigners and ordered to write a story instead, which earlier nebylo …
Now very few people remember that the earlier date of initial letter Annals recorded the ancient language, not the number that introduced by order of Peter …
Prior to the introduction of the new calendar 7208 new year people said of the victory over the ancient Chinese, and the date is always recorded initial letter … it tells us that writing existed long before the Slavs in Solun monks Cyril and Methodius … if it were not for the reform of Peter, the Church would be a fairy tale about "education of illiterate nations" would be long forgotten, like someone's bad joke. No wonder that the Empress Catherine II said: "The Slavs for many thousands of years before Christ, his writings had."

Here is a short list of used Slavs Old Believer, calendar forms:

Chronology corresponding 2011
Summer 7519 from the Creation in the Star Temple
Summer 13019 from the Big Freeze (Great cooling)
Summer 44555 Creation of the Great Colo Russenia
Summer 106790 From the base of the Asgard Erie
Summer 111817 from The Great Migration of Daarija
Summer 143001 from the period of the Three Moons
Summer 153377 from Assa Dei
Summer 165041 Time of Tara
Summer 185777 Time of Thule
Summer 211697 Time of SMAD
Summer 273905 OCCASIONALLY h'Arra
Summer 460529 Gifts of Time
Summer 604385 Time of the Three Suns …

These systems do not cancel, but complement each other … each is a continuation of the previous calendar system …

You can go on and on … but … I would like to move away from the essence of the time and tell us how and when he appeared in Russia a 12-month calendar.

As I said earlier, the Slavs and Aryans use other calendar notation, rather than taken now.
Therefore probably be interested to know when and who conceived the transition to a different calendar system and the system with which it was connected.
First vkradtse of calendar systems in Europe and Scandinavia.

Different people living in Europe had different systems of counting days. The Celts and Scandinavians was originally a 9-month calendar, but
Later it was replaced by the 24-month. This was due to the ever-changing weather conditions and complete the transition to the runic form letter.
After the transition, each month was designated its rune of the so-called Futarha (collection of Runes). Different months in duration, so one month was 14 days, 2 months — 15 days and 3 months -16 days … then this alternation repeated.
This alternation was associated first and foremost with the phases of the moon, which Periodicity — 29.5 days … so the first 4 months of Runic calendar (14 +15 +16 +14 = 59) corresponded to the 2nd full lunar months (29.5 +29, 5 = 59) … and further the system of alternating months interconnects the lunar phase with the solar calendar … so Runic calendar year contains 360 days.
But because the runes was still empty and 25 fleece, sometimes called the rune one, and it has found its application in the calendar … at the end of every third year, inserts an additional 25 months, which went alternating days
first 14, then 15 and then 16 days.
This 25 month helps smooth cycling of the solar year, as it is now doing with the leap year.

In southern Europe, in what is now Italy, lived Raseny who are more known by the names of the Etruscans or Tirreno. They also used a 9-month calendar.
Arrived on the Italian territory and the Latins
Sabines, they brought with them their calendar systems … In consequence there are new systems, such as the Greek "Olympic games" or Latin "Kalend the founding of Rome …"
Latins tried to impose Rasen, their calendar system, and when this venture failed, Latins announced Etruscan stupid, decided to simply destroy Rasen …

That is a great variety of calendar systems, sometimes be very confusing to the definition of "large trading days" … so in 45 BC by decree Impertora Julius Caesar introduced the "new" calendar system, which is required to comply with in the Roman
Empire. I deliberately wrote the word "new" in quotes because of its origin was the current calendar of the priests of Egypt. Julius Caesar changed it somewhat, so there was a well-known Julian calendar.

Now Imagine the kind of problems faced by Christian missionaries who went to "educate" the pagans of Europe …
Even if someone joined to the new faith, he immediately encountered problems when spending the holidays or at what time to comply with post …
A different calendar system did not allow Christian missionaries correctly opredlit whichever local
calendar corresponds to the Julian calendar, for local calendars were more difficult to understand the Christians, and to-date, the relatively constant "float".
The solution was found just one. Deny the old calendar and enter a new one — Julian.

The same pattern was observed at the baptism of Rus … introduction of the Julian calendar, the people did not accept. Because it is the people could not understand why we need the Russian land alien calendar, with numbered months on
Latin, of which 3 more besides still does not begin in the autumn equinox and the beginning of spring.

But Christians found a way out, they came up with the Slavic name for the Julian calendar months instead of numbers in Latin
Slavic names were: Berezen, Kviten, Traven, Cherven, Lipen, Serpen, Veresen, Zhovten, falling leaves, Gruden, Sichen, Lyuty.
Only in this way, Christians have nazyazat Slavic peoples another calendar. In other Slavic countries had done the exact same reconstruction of the Julian calendar, and the month received their Slavic names …

But even after the Christians found a way out of the situation, and in the Julian calendar months have Slavic names: Berezen, Kviten, Traven, Cherven, Lipen, Serpen, Veresen, Zhovten, falling leaves, Gruden, Sichen, Lyuty… Ancient Slavic calendar does not cease to exist. In all Slavic lands continued to use two calendars.
Because, according to the new (Julian) calendar can be found only on holy days, and the events of the past have occurred far from Slavyanka land.
The old calendar was needed primarily for
everyday life, for in it determined when to start and when to stop agricultural work and other things … because some prayers can not eat …
Thus in Russia there were two parallel calendar systems, old and new.

But the ecclesiastical and secular authorities did not like the fact that people's holidays celebrated in both calendars, but most of all neustraivaet confusion which was created chroniclers, because Russian chroniclers used the date the old Slavic calendar and invited Greek chroniclers used the date of the new calendar, where Rosh Hashanah reckoned from
first spring full moon …

For example: the date of March 1, 1005 AD the Slavic calendar falls on Summer 6513 from S.M.Z.H and a Christian at the 6512 Summer of SM, so the difference between the Slavic calendar and the calendar from the birth of Christ was
5,508 years, and in the Christian calendar — 5507 years.
To give some sort inconsistency of the new calendar, in the year 6856 (1348 AD) by the order of Ivan III, Rosh Hashanah in the new calendar was fixed on March 1, and the number of years taken from the old Slavic calendar.

Also started fitting the new calendar for daily life, some festivals banned, others who were celebrating despite the ban, the Christian church was adapted to itself ..

So for example:
God's Day of Veles was replaced Happy Blasius;
Pancake Day-madder was announced just Carnival;
God Kupala Day was the day of John the Baptist, or as it is called in the Russian style — Ivan Kupala, ie Ivan, who all bathed in the river;
Day Triglav (Svarog, Perun-Sventovita), has become a Trinity;
Gd Day God Perun replaced Day of ElijahAnd so on …

But most of all ecclesiastical and secular authorities did not like that the people enjoy the two calendars, notes two New yearRosh Hashanah … Christian March 1, and Slavic Rosh Hashanah autumnal equinox.
No prohibitions Slavic calendar does not help … and taking tough measures up to the killings, gave the opposite effect … in many towns and villages in confusion and began an uprising went everywhere across-destruction
Christian sveschennikov and their assistants … it came down to the fact that many were destroyed, thousands of "bozhih people," and then had to Tsar Ivan III «go to the people," because the only way the authorities were able to calm the rebellious people.
Not to harm the confusion arose, and destroy, the king not only allowed people to use the old calendar, but also legitimized the right to read the old faith of their ancestors. Thus the Russian land was officially legalized dualism and two calendars. Church calendar was considered — the official, that is, state, and the old calendar
— national.

The next change is the official calendar
occurred after 1 Round years (144 years). When approaching the Summer 7000 the year of the Creation (1492 BC), the Christians in Russia grew apocalyptic mood. All were waiting End of the World and even were Paschal for subsequent years. But when all the expected timing of the end of the world over, the Moscow Church Council in September, Summer 7000
(1492) adopted a new Paschal and decided to postpone the start of the year from March 1 to September 1. This regulation is valid Hristanskoy Church still …

In the summer of 7090 (1582 G.) the Catholic Church at the direction of Pope Gregory XIII introduced a new calendar,
which got its name. The new calendar was no longer dating from the Creation and the birth of Christ. The need to introduce a new calendar was associated with the fact that the duration of the Julian calendar, the length of the year a little more natural, and
So he got a little behind on the nature, so for 128 years, built up one day. Therefore, at the time of introduction of the Gregorian calendar came running for 10 days difference.
But not all European countries immediately moved to the new calendar, some countries took years or even centuries, to go to the new Gregorian style. In Russia, the style is moved only in February 1918.
The Gregorian calendar is also not entirely accurate: it behind natural for one day for 3,300 years, in addition, the Gregorian calendar, "uneven", it contains a sort of "race." But gradually, the Gregorian calendar was adopted by most states today
universally accepted.

In the summer of 7208 (1699), Peter I suffered a Rosh Hashanah 1 of January, and issued a special decree:
"Forasmuch as in Russia believe Rosh Hashanah differently from now stop fooling people and head count throughout Rosh Hashanah 1 of January, 1700 by Summer
Christmas. And as a sign of good beginnings and joy to congratulate each other a Happy New Year, wishing prosperity and in the affairs of the family welfare. In honor of New Year decorations commit firs children
amuse, sleigh ride from the mountains. And adults drinking and not commit massacre — on that other day enough. "

So, we return to the Slavic calendar, which overturned Peter …

Despite its unusual for the modern perception, especially when the basis of the calendar can be traced everywhere 9, this calendar system, the most accurate and convenient of all currently existing calendars. I understand that my statement sounds unfounded, but I
I will try to continue his story podtvertit this statement. More so for the past several thousand years, the Slavic calendar alias "Gift of Christmas carol "Not" run away "and not" behind "for a single day …

So start with simple data.

Gift of Christmas carol, contains three natural seasons: Ousen, Winter and Spring.
These three seasons combined in a single solar cycle, which is called — Summer.
Summer consists of 9 months, so each natural season is three months.
In the calendar, there are two concepts: Simple Summer and Sacred Summer. They are Circle Years, in which the 15 simple and 1 Sacred Summer.
Nine Circles Years, were Circle of Life, which consists of 144 years. These repeated cycles, called Krugoletom Chisloboga.
Simple Summer consists of 365 days, all the odd-numbered months have at day 41, and even — for 40 days. (5h41 = 205) + (4×40 = 160) = 365.
Sacred Summer consists of 369 days, all months contain 41 day. (9h41) = 369.

Rosh Hashanah accounts for 1 day of the second month Ouseni, ie at the autumnal equinox.
This is usually attributed to the fact that the entire crop was harvested, granaries are full, and a new summer starts with a full income.
In addition, the most important event was made to take it to Rosh Hashanah.
Since the peace agreement with the Great Dragon (Ancient China) signed it into Rosh Hashanah. It was very convenient for the introduction of a new reference point of peaceful life, with it, the primary calendar system is not reflected. After all, the creation (between nations), occurred in 1 day 1 month of Summer 5500 Big Freeze.
So, one day, one month of the summer of 5501 The big freeze, while steel and 1 day 1 month 1 Summer of the created world, as well as a peace treaty was signed in the summer wearing the name — Star Temple on Krugolete Chisloboga, then the name of the new calendar was — from Creation of the world in the Star Temple.

Slavic calendar week also consisted of 9 days. They carried a numerical form, and called: Ponedelnik, Vtornik, Triteynik, Chetverik, Friday, Shestitsa, Sedmitsa, Osmitsa, Week.
It was very comfortable, all the odd-numbered months Just fly start with one day a week, and even with all of the other.
And as Sacred Summer consists of 41 weeks, then the next Circle of Life, started from the same day of the week as Sacred Summer.
Thus, each Circle of Life, ie cycle of 144 years, beginning on a Monday.

The fact that the old nine-week remember not so long ago, we can see by reading the tales of the Siberian narrator Peter Pavlovich Yershov.
 

Well, Gabriel, at that sedmitsu
They'll take a minute to the capital;
There boyars sell,
Divide the money evenly.
(The Humpbacked Horse)

Here too was osmitsa
and the week went.
(Stone bowl)

Ancient Slavic calendar, as well as the Scandinavian or Celtic had Runic form of display, ie initially month names, numbers, days of the week and the names of years recorded runes.
For those who do not know, Rune is not letter and syllable … Runa — it secretly.
The name originally designated months runes, and only later was added to record initial letter with a brief disclosure of meaning.
The first month is a one Rune, and the remaining eight months of joining the two designated Rune, the second rune points to the part of the solar cycle, known to us as Lto .
I understand that, for example, probably would be better to write the name of the months of runes, but it is not possible for technical reasons, because on the Internet there is no code
tables supporting Runic fonts. Therefore, we will continue to review all available fonts on the basis of …
In drevleslovenskom letter when writing the name of the month at the end of the stamped letter "B"- Er, sounded like On a short-. In addition, every month, carrying its meaning, which determines people's lives.

Here are the names of the Slavic calendar months:
Ramhat — Month of the Godhead.
Aylt — Month New Gifts.
Beylt — Month White Radiance and Rest of the World.
Geylt — The month of blizzards and frost.
Daylt — The month of Awakening Nature.
Elt — The month of sowing and naming.
Veylt — Month of the Winds.
Heylt — Month of the gifts of nature.
Taylt — Month of the Finality.

Months are not only runes had a deeper meaning, but in the initial letter, too. In its aggregate form initial letter, which begins nazveniya months also carried a special meaning. To somehow understand it, you just need to remember the names of initial letter in writing and that Drevleslovenskoy
they mean.
P — Recurrence — to instruct, inform;
A — Az — a man Lyudina;
B — Gods
D — Verb — to speak;
D — Welcome,
E — This, — Decree of the form;
In — Lead — Vedas, wisdom, knowledge;
X — Hran — sohranienie;
T — Solid. — Finally, the final shape.
Combining these images drop caps, we get the following: The gods instruct people saying good things this Wisdom remain firmly

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