In the Murmansk region. preservation technology developed radioactive waste using nanocomposites

Kola peninsula — one of the more developed and industrialized parts of the Russian Arctic. But the nature of the Arctic thin-skinned and very difficult to recover in a continuous accumulation of highly toxic waste containing radioactive substances, heavy non-ferrous metals and others. Such waste can threaten catastrophic consequences and the public. But effective technologies for their decontamination until recently was not reported in the Biological Institute.

Center for nanomaterials, created in 2010 as part of Kola Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, became one of the first in the country specialized research units working in this new direction. He united scientists from different disciplines — geology, mineralogy, crystallography and chemistry. As part TSNM 5 PhDs, 7 PhDs, 3 graduate students. As new technologies secure the long-term disposal of high level waste is used in the preservation of their ceramic matrix based on a very rare mineral discovered by scientists on the Kola Peninsula Biological Institute. Learning new minerals prompted technologists synthesis pathway of their counterparts from the available raw materials, including man-made.

Today TSNM KSC RAS developed and patented basis of the synthesis of new materials, which preserve the ability of toxic radioactive waste Kola transcend their natural counterparts — Zorita, sitinakit, ivanyukity.  

Synthetic products have other unique properties of natural prototypes. For example, they act as catalysts of chemical processes are used as molecular sieves for separating gases from the purified crude gas. Thus, selenium titanium nanocomposite mercury vapor effectively catches and removes mercury from the air and from water solutions. With the use of this sorbent is designed and built a prototype plant for demercurization energy-saving lamps, which is unparalleled in the world. And scientists have recently received a new synthetic sorbent during the test trial for treatment of real liquid radioactive waste storage facilities of the state corporation "Rosatom" has shown a record performance.

Academic community of the region all the prerequisites in order to research, innovation and technological potential of the Murmansk region has been involved for the good of our country. This is the regional government and the Presidium of the Kola Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences have repeatedly informed the leadership of the country, the target arguments seeking support from the government initiative proposals for the formation of an innovative industrial cluster for the production of strategic materials.

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