Our ancestors were wise and good-natured people. They knew a lot of rituals and customs, as commandments do them in their daily lives. We diligently forget its history, its tradition for many years, and then admire them, meeting other peoples. Many Belarusians rituals date back to the time, which is called paganism.
So long Belarusians consider building a great celebration. Claimed that Belarusian children are born with special abilities to carpentry.
Each owner thoroughly picked a place to build his house. This place put the jug and lowered back spider. If a spider weaves a web of night, here you can build a house. Never taken for the construction of the storm felled trees, apparently feared that uncontrolled energy hurricane did not affect the house and its inhabitants. Between the first and second crown of the framework was put a piece of bread, emphasizing that the bread — all the basics. Butt roof is always closed or folded horn horse — a symbol of the goat.
Belarusians worshiped horse and goat.
It was believed that these animals to keep the house from evil and all sorts of trouble.
The first in the new home run cock. If the bird is expiring, so the house is not left unclean power. Then ran to the house cat, so he chased her. This custom has remained to this day: start the first settlers to the house cat.
It was believed that the first of the family who will go into the house, the first and leave it, that is going to die. So it is usually covered head home, and then it went the other family members. Was in the house and "Midwives corner." There has never slept. Hung in the corner of a shelf with dishes, standing shop, the window peered carefully into the yard. For "Babin corner" entrenched feature cuisine.
Rubbish our ancestors endured the evening, not to leave the house dirty, and not what it could leave the house — the unofficial keeper of the house.
Household slept in the loft that could be bunk. Lower level — for elderly family members, the top — for young people. The smallest resting in a cradle suspended from the ceiling, and played in the afternoon in a special playpen. Loft made of planks laid on top of the mattress, stuffed with straw, and linen bedspreads — the dream, not the bed! In any case, the curvature of the spine, our ancestors obviously did not suffer.
A special place for a newborn. It was impossible to talk through the cradle, pass things — the child will grow thief, not an empty cradle rocked — the kid can get sick.
Belarusian house windows overlook the courtyard and into the street, and one wall necessarily blind to keep heat in the house and did not look into the neighboring yard, and then do not gossip at your leisure. It is best to keep order in their own home.
In the red corner — a table. We sat on the benches. On the table — a loaf of bread, a jug of milk or kvass. Never was the Belarusians locks. If the owners are not home, the door is usually pretend. Weary traveler could come in and help yourself at the table bread kvass, milk, if he did not have time to wait around the house owners. Strangers, wanderers owners usually fed, laid to rest and then asked, who is where and how his way. Only in the second half of the XVIII century in Belarus locks begin to appear, because the cases of theft. Among the wanderers were many fans of easy living.
Furnace fed, warmed, treated. According to legend, in Santa through a pipe into the house down the souls of dead ancestors. The stove — poker, tongs, shovel, on which were placed the bread in the oven. During a thunderstorm, a grain shovel exposed to the street — it protects the house from fire. Under the stove in cold winters kept chickens. The stove bowl — a symbol of wealth and prosperity. It kneaded dough, and the old — never thrown away. Before marriage the bride sat on the bowl, and she unwinds her hair.
Our ancestors dressed just walked in sandals. They were made on the conscience, so that his feet do not get wet, even in women who collect the cranberries in a swamp. Men wore a shirt and trousers, women — yes skirt blouse samotkanogo from flax linen. Mandatory piece of clothing was a belt of Belarusians. Time disciplined person. The woman went to live and be sure to gird. After harvest the last sheaf fasten a belt and put in the red corner of the bread until the next harvest has not left the house.
One of the main Belarusian crafts — weaving
. It is associated with many customs and rituals. Never sowed flax on Monday — a long day. Tuesday goes around — long the rise. Wednesday also poor day for sowing flax. Thursday — for worms. On Sunday, people rested. And stay for planting only Friday and Saturday. If a lot of clouds in the sky — it's a good harvest.
In the 6-7 — year old girl had weaved. Her first cloth was rude and not very accurate, but it is not thrown away, and were stored in a dowry. By marrying the canvas became more subtle and smooth, and the chest tyazhelel. On the chest was determined wealthy family or not. Considered a good dowry chest that ten men could hardly leaves the ground.
In every province, district, or even in the village had their own designs. Diamonds symbolize prosperity, sun, red — a symbol of fire, life, black — symbol of the earth, soil, cornflower blue — the color of the sky, cornflower. Belarusians worshiped white — the color of health, freedom and independence.
On materials: www.interfax.by