Karl Karlovich Sievers — Russian general, the hero of the Borodino battle

In the middle of numerous monuments of the Borodino field should be noted bulky lump of red granite chipped and crowned double-headed falcon. This monument is dedicated to the 4th Cavalry Corps Carla Karlovic Sievers, participated in the Battle of Borodino. On the front side of the monument is engraved with gold commemorative dedication of all the regiments that made up the body, from the back side — a list of the dead and the wounded in that memorable day for Russia. Creator of the monument is the Russian constructor AP Vereshchagin, erecting a monument to the centenary day or the Battle of Borodino.

November 6, 1772 in the family of an ancient noble family of the Livonian Sievers was born a boy, named after his father (lieutenant-general and eminent court of Catherine the yard) Carl.

At the age of 12 years Karl Karlovich was assigned to the Artillery and later in Engineering Gentry (2nd Cadet) Corps, rising to the rank of sergeant in what has been transferred to the rank of bayonet-cadets of the 2nd Artillery Regiment bombing.

Already in 1792, Karl Sievers happened for the first time to smell gunpowder during the Polish campaign, in which he participated in the Rostov Carabineer Regiment, after which remains after the Polish Republic. In 1795, Sievers was transferred to Rostov Cuirassier with the rank of Major-Prime.

First merit Karl Sievers (Order of St. Anne 3rd degree) got together in 1798 with the rank of lieutenant colonel another, and the next year he and Colonel.

Since 1802 Sievers Starodubovskim appointed to command a regiment of dragoons, in 1803, Major General Karl Karlovich acts chief Novorossiisk Dragoons.

Carl Siversprinimal role in the Russian-Turkish war in 1806-1812's, fought in 1807 in Moldova, took part in the war against Napoleon in 1806-1807.

During the French campaign Sievers under the command of General Wittgenstein fought on the terrain of Prussia and took part in the attack outposts on the river Omuleve and heroic attack captured enemy retrenchment (fortification fence to enhance homeland defense, the criteria presented in the field are usually in the form of a trench) near the village of Drengeva. Later, distinguished themselves in the battle on the river Narew, and facilitating the capture of the enemy's camp in the French village of Borka, Karl Sievers for heroic behavior in the fields of labor receives the Order of St. Anne 1st degree.

In the Austrian campaign of 1809, Sievers was part of the corps of General of Infantry Prince Mikhail Golitsyn, but take part in military operations it is not possible, but under the command of Prince Poniatowski, at the head of the dragoons, cavalry and Cossacks, he took hundreds of Krakow voyna1812 year caught Karl Karlovich led the 4th Cavalry Corps of the 2nd Western army of Bagration. At the end of June, covering the 2nd Army, Sievers organized crossing the Neman River in Nikolaev. July 9, commanding with 2 Dragoon Karl Sievers was able to stop the movement of the vanguard of the housing to the old Marshal Davoust Byhov (with all this, capturing the commander of the vanguard, 12 officers and about 400 enlisted men). Sievers and very distinguished in the battle of the borough Saltanovka in the body Gen.-Lieutenant NNRaevsky showed remarkable properties commander in the Battle of Smolensk.

Two weeks before the general battle of Borodino, Karl Sievers led the rear-guard of the 2nd Army at times under Napoleon's troops stormed the cities Meadows Gzhatsk have Kolotsky monastery and Elnya.

After all, during the battle of Borodino Sievers is located on the left flank of the 2nd Army, showing himself a real hero in the massacre of Shevardinsky redoubt, Semyonov ravine and Bagration flushes. His unit, consisting of dragoons of Kiev, Kharkiv, Chernihiv and Novorossiysk regiments also Akhtyrskaya hussars and lancers Lithuanian suffered significant losses — on the battlefield death of the brave fallen almost every second trooper warrior. "He commanded a corps with a great courage and prudence 24 and 26 days of August in the attacks and attacks of the enemy" — specifically a response to Karl Sievers gave Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov in the report of the generals who had distinguished themselves during Borodin. For bravery and courage shown by Karl Karlovich Sievers at Borodino, he received the Order of St. ZHoru third degree.

It should be noted that in the battle of Borodino and distinguished son Carla Sievers, who commanded one of the squadrons of the regiment Novorossiysk: During one of the attacks on Napoleon's batteries, he was able to capture 12 enemy guns, but to withdraw from the battlefield they could not, as a stallion and lost vpribavok everything was wounded.

Later, the body of Karl Karlovich participated in the rearguard battles in Mozhdysk, with the villages of reddish Pakhra, Krimsky, Chirikov.
After Russian troops moved deeper into Europe, Karl Karlovich Sievers was appointed to the housing Lieutenant General Wittgenstein. Invading Prussian possessions, Sievers manifests itself very beautiful commander, capturing the fortress of Konigsberg and Pilau (residents who met the Russian liberation army with tremendous glee). For the liberation of Pilau Karl Sievers was granted the rank of lieutenant general.

From 1813 to 1815, Karl Karlovich Sievers acting governor of Konigsberg, and with all this helps to organize the process of supplying Russian troops stationed in Germany. For extraordinary diligence in the management of the Prussian ruler Konigsberg special rescript of February 25, 1815 Reddish bestow the Order of the Falcon Sievers 1st degree.

Thus ended the heroic military career General Karl Sievers, but only the beginning of his stormy life is plainclothes. In December 1833, Karl Sievers was commanded to be in the Governing Senate. Over zealous in good stead in 1836, received the rank of real-kept secret adviser.

Later, Karl Karlovich still vorachivaetsya for military service after being appointed commander of the 1st Infantry Corps, and in 1843 made a general of cavalry.

Karl Karlovich Sievers died in 1856, but in our minds it forever remains a delightful Russian hero, a patriot of the motherland, to the protection which the general Sievers got a difficult hour, and thanks to the feats of arms for the defense of which was awarded the monument at Borodino.

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