Rating disaster in the Gulf of Mexico by independent scientists

The accident in the Gulf of MexicoIndependent scientific experts gave their assessment of the accident in the Gulf of Mexico. The results of independent experts coincided with the official data on the number of oil trapped in the bay because of the accident in the spring and summer of 2010. So, as a result of an accident in the water got about 5 million barrels of oil and 243 million cubic meters of natural gas, according to U.S. researchers.

In April 2010, the BP oil rig Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico was an explosion, which killed 11 people and turned into the biggest environmental disaster in U.S. history. In the Gulf of Mexico water spilled nearly 5 million barrels of oil. Only managed to stop the leak on July 15, the well was finally sealed by August 4, 2010.

A team of scientists has found that on May 31 (the day when the measurements — Ed.) From a well in the Gulf was poured about 70-100 kilograms of oil per second in the near-bottom conditions, which corresponds to 6,1-8,7 tons or approximately 47,2-66,8 thousand barrels a day to the surface. This was accompanied by … 19,8-28,2 emission kilograms of natural gas per second. As they note, the final result in an estimated 5 million barrels of oil and 243 million cubic meters of natural gas for 86 days, similar to the official U.S. government estimates.

According to calculations of scientists, a mixture of 77% was composed of oil by 22% — from natural gas to other gases accounted for about 1%. Using this information, as well as data from sonar and acoustic Doppler current meter mounted on the robot, the scientists were able to estimate the rate of release of a hydrocarbon mixture from the well.

In August 2011, there was an oil spill on the production platform of the oil company Shell in the North Sea, 180 kilometers east of the Scottish city of Aberdeen. The company said the leak August 12 evening, despite the fact that the accident itself occurred two days earlier. Leak was stopped on 19 August, when divers Shell closed the valve through which oil enters the sea water at a rate of about one barrel per day during the previous ten days.

Recall that in the first anniversary of the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, BP sued Transocean, seeking from the owner of the Deepwater Horizon payment in at least $ 40 billion for the damage uscherb.BP also sued Cameron International Corp for negligence, claiming that the blowout preventer, made Cameron did not work and did not prevent the catastrophe. The blast, which occurred April 20, 2010 — at a depth of 1.3 thousand meters and the subsequent fire, 11 people were killed and another 17 workers were on the platform also suffered.

BP argues that the claimed payment of $ 40.9 billion, paying one in 2010, $ 17.7 billion in common messages BP requires that all parties associated with the activities of the oil platform, carrying equally responsible for the accident.

Meanwhile, the U.S. Coast Guard and the oil company BP examined the blocked area Macondo well in the Gulf of Mexico at the reports of a possible oil spill in late August, according to RIA Novosti. BP Macondo well was notorious for the biggest environmental disaster in 2010, when the waters of the Gulf of spilled a lot of oil, after the accident at the oil rig Deepwater Horizon. Environmentalists have recorded a mile from the well oil slick on the water surface.
While there is still no evidence that the oil flows from the well Macondo ", — said in a written response, the representative BP. Worth noting that during the check BP Macondo well in the area was a strong wind and choppy sea, oil was found in a hole in the calm.

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