About the exposure of "Tactical Missiles" at the MAKS-2011 is always crowded people. Spectators almost fascinated perfection of form and beauty of aviation and ship missiles. A professional data intriguing tactical and technical properties of the new products exhibited.
Today the 10th International Aviation and Space Salon is the fifth for "Tactical Missiles". But if we start counting from the predecessor company — Municipal Research and Production Center "Zvezda-Strela", the missile troops participated in all the max since the first in 1993.
First MAKS 1993 was successful for GNKTS "Zvezda-Strela". Professionals in various states intrigued for the first time to demonstrate anti-ship missile Kh-35E (E shaped as letters in the names of all the weapons then "export") for ship missile system (SLS) "Uran-E". A promising new set of Indian descent interested sailors. And an unusual case: usually negotiate with the Indians pulled a couple of years, and there has subsequently, in 1994 an agreement was signed for the supply of AAC "Uran-E" for the Indian Navy. This shows the great fighting qualities and efficiency of the complex ship, its relevance and demand.
First half of 1990 was a failure for the Russian defense industry. The agreement with India has promoted SSPC "Zvezda-Strela" not just to survive, to keep the company and staff, and to make mass production of the latest products. Acquired the means used carefully and in the future — they were focused on the preparation of serial production of the AAC. In 1996, the destroyer of the Indian Navy, "Delhi" was installed the first set of "Uran-E". Later they began equipping and other ships. And just for India and other countries drew attention to the gun.
So the company "Tactical Missiles" no qualms about the need role in the air show. Participates always very intense. How to build the structure, the company said to myself at the MAKS-2003. Then it consisted of six companies which had davneshnie industrial relations. And at the Salon in 2005 already 14 companies presented their products in the overall exposure. Including such recognized suppliers of precision instruments (WTO), as ICD "Vympel", "Raduga" SPE "Region", who founded the creation of new areas of modern weapons. The three pillars together with the parent company, reinforced the power of unified mind, brought Corporation "Tactical Missiles" on a fundamentally new level, corresponding naikrupneyshim world leader of the industry. And it is logical that the company enters into a measured hundred leading arms companies in the world.
At this point in the company's 18 largest companies. This single technological complex formed by a system design offices, experienced and production plants, providing a closed production cycle of technological and operational development, production, testing, after-sales service, repair, modernization and disposal of the supplied sample. And based on tradition of designing and manufacturing, developed by more than a dozen years.
March 13, 2002 was a governmental Russian Federation № 149 "On the development of Open Joint Stock Company" Corporation "Tactical Missiles". Not counting the SSPC "Zvezda-Strela" it included the municipal enterprise "Omsk plant" Automatic "," Engineering Design Bureau "Iskra", "Ural Design Bureau" Detail "," factory "Red hydraulic press," as of "Turayevo Machine Design Bureau "Union." In the upcoming The company has been significantly extended in accordance with Presidential Decree number 591 of May 9, 2004 and number 930 of July 20, 2007.
But taking into account that served as the basis of SSPC "Zvezda-Strela", counting the company's history should begin with the June 3, 1942, when the regulation of T-bills in the Moscow region was formed Union Plant number 455 of the Second People's Commissariat of the brain controls the aircraft industry.
In 1955, the plant was given the task to create a missile system of "air-to-air." Batch creation of the first Russian guided missile class "air-to-air" RS-1-U for equipping the MiG-17PFU and Yak-25P was mastered at the company in 1956.
May 17, 1957 based on a commercial design department of the factory number 455 was formed design bureau. In 1960 the plant produced anti-aircraft guided missile for air defense systems "Cube" missiles "air-air" R-8M, R-8M1R, R-8M1T, K-98, K-98MR, K-98MT, R- 4 P-40. Immediately with combat missile plant was producing small-sized target missile IC-59 ("Deer"), IC-60 ("Rabbit"), which were intended to train crews combat units use missiles "air-to-air."
April 30, 1966 Works number 455 renamed Kaliningrad Engineering Plant (KMZ). Title Kaliningrad wore to the 1996 City Queens. In November 1976, the plant was reincarnated "Kaliningrad production and design association" Strela ". December 26, 1994 came the merger of State Unitary Enterprise "KMZ" Arrow "OKB" Star ". In 1995, for the formation of this factory was approved by the title of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "State Research and Production Center" Zvezda-Strela "(FSUE" SSPC "Zvezda-Strela"). And from March 2003 center is transformed into JSC "Corporation" Tactical Missiles ".
During its existence the parent company of spices created 9 and spent the creation of 19 samples of different classes of missiles, many of them in their performance characteristics listed among the best in the world. By their main advantages are the following:
compact size and small mass of missiles at a sufficiently high power of the warhead;
low profile, the ability to overcome resistance to fire and the radar of the enemy;
commonality (X-35E) Object — airplanes, helicopters, marine and coastal missile systems;
simplicity and ease of use.
All of these properties form a "corporate identity" of developers and manufacturers SSPC "Zvezda-Strela", saved and developed in the framework of "Tactical Missiles". He vividly reflected in the more recognizable swatches guided missiles "air-to-surface" Russian period. This multi-purpose modular SD-type X-25M high-speed SD-type X-31 anti-radiation version of Kh-31P (X-31PK) antiship — X-31A and the target — MA-31 also standardized (Object) anti-UR X-35E (3M-24E — for the sea-based version, part of the CBC "Uran-E" and DBK "Bal-E").
JSC "State Machine-Building Design Bureau" Vympel "them. I.I.Toropova "was founded in 1949 and was stationed at the aircraft factory number 134 in Tushino (Moscow). The plant was basic to Pavel Sukhoi Design Bureau. But then unknown designer crashed the first benchmark of the Su-15, and the bureau was disbanded. Sukhoi aircraft missiles proposed deal, but he refused. Bureau headed by Ivan Toropov, who became the founder of the Russian school of practical design missiles "air-to-air."
The new design office in a matter of months, almost made the first Russian comprehensive system of fire protection for the PV-20 strategic bombers Tu-4 in the sighting stations, installations with machine-gun armament and remote control units. For this development, Ivan took our time and a number of professionals have been awarded the Stalin Prize for 1950 year.
Over missile-aircraft KB started working since 1954. Then it was asked to design the
K-7 missiles to supersonic interceptor T-3 development Pavel Sukhoi. The design was based on the principles of modularity, which have become the hallmark of Russian missiles in this class. But first completed the development of "Vympel" was a rocket "air-air" K-13. Got the job in 1958. A trial run is made October 21, 1959, and on 1 December — the first combat aircraft to launch on the target. In 1960, the rocket went into mass creation under the designation P-3C. She came into the ammunition of the MiG-19PG, MiG-21, MiG-23, Su-20, Yak-28P. Modification of P-13P, R-13M, R-13M1 performed in India, China, Czechoslovakia, and Poland.
GosMKB "Vympel" to this day remains the head CB RF for developing aircraft guided missiles "air-to-air" of all types. In addition, making missiles for land and naval air defense systems and targets based on them, and guided missiles "air-to-surface" (X-29T (A), X-29TE). In the framework of the law on foreign trade, the company offers customers conduct modernization of previously supplied missiles "air-to-surface" X-29T (A) to the level of over-range missiles Kh-29TE.
JSC "State Machine-Building Design Bureau" Raduga "them. A.Ya.Bereznyak placed Technopolitan Dubna (Capital Region). Initially, the bureau was established at the plant number 1 in conjunction with the Council of Ministers dated 01.09.1951 for the development of the theme "B" — cruise missiles. Organizational KB a branch of the OKB-155 Artem Mikoyan. Order of the Minister of Aviation Industry Misha Khrunichev outlined the direction of the new division, "… entrust him with the work to ensure normal production on the development and testing, and modification of the upcoming COP unmanned aircraft." Apart from this, was assigned to the branch issues for the creation of the first Russian-designed guided missile weapon — "flying bomb" missiles "air-to-surface", "ship-to-ship" and "surface-to-surface". The chief of the design department, received the title of OKB-155-1, has become a professional designer Alexander Y. Berezniak.
The first task was the finalization and transfer to the mass creation of a jet-shell KS, designed by the OKB-155. Alexander Berezniak organized the precise interaction designers to create and mass-plant engineering department, and eventually in 1953 the municipal tests have been completed and put into service system "Comet" (the carriers Tu-4K, the Tu-16 rocket COP).
In 1955, a branch of OKB-155 was tasked with developing a fundamentally modern sea-launched cruise missile R-15. One year later, graduated from design office works on technical documentation and submitted it to the establishment. Seven months later, on October 16, on the Black Sea took first F-15 launch from a boat, etc. 183E. In 1960, the rocket was put into service. For the creation of P-15 in 1961, the team was awarded the Lenin Prize. A missile itself entered into the world history of rocketry October 21, 1967, when in the course of the Arab-Israeli conflict with it was sunk by the Israeli destroyer "Eilat". It was the first case of fighting the introduction of self-guided cruise missiles with liquid-jet engine.
In 1966, the branch of OKB-155-1 was transformed into an independent company — Engineering Design Bureau "Rainbow". By the time the development team were awarded a Lenin and municipal awards. The high level of designers from Dubna says that in 1970 they were transferred from the CB Artem Mikoyan all work to create an experimental space plane piloted by the project "Spiral". While the work was going well, the project was closed in 1979, but production of the "Raduga" is widely used in the development of a universal space-rocket system, "Energiya-Buran".
In 60 years of activity as a major creator of missile systems team of the company has accumulated a unique scientific, technical and design capabilities in all stages of development, production, operation and modernization of samples of guided missile weapon. Only in the last 5 years has developed and put into service five high-precision weapon for the Air Force and the Navy of Russia. During the existence of the company is always transferred into service more than 50 missile weapon systems. Most of them wore a breakthrough character, opening new areas of development and deployment of missile weapons. Namely
development impact of anti-missile complexes with P-15 and "Termite" was the basis for the creation of a new, who had no analogues in the world-class warships — missile launches;
development impact Kh-20, K-10C, DAC-5 and X-22 air launched cruise missiles and bombers turned the Russian naval missile-carrying aircraft in;
"Unmanned torpedo" — 85R cruise missiles were the main anti-submarine and anti-submarine ships shock weapons;
development of missiles like the X-28, X-58, X-59, X-59M front-line turned into a shock missile-carrying aircraft;
percussion family of anti-ship missiles "Mosquito" for his features more than a decade ahead of the development of the leading aerospace companies in the world;
creating a family of missiles X-55 gave a fundamentally new quality of Russian aviation distant and recent developments in the class of autonomous precision instruments large and medium-range missiles have provided a high military and political management of the country's strategic non-nuclear deterrence argument;
accumulated scientific, technical and practical groundwork for the creation of missiles flying at hypersonic speeds.
JSC "State Scientific and Production Enterprise" Region "- a leading developer and supplier of adjustable and controlled bombs for tactical aircraft that belong to one of the more promising class of high-precision weapons. Founded in 1969 as the Institute of Applied fluid mechanics, whose main task was the development of managed anti-gun.
Priority activities related to the creation and supply of:
corrected and guided bombs (KAB and ASD) for front-line aircraft and naval aviation;
subsea tools for the destruction of submarines and surface ships, including high-speed submarine-based missiles;
protivotorpednogo and mine guns.
Owning the respective laboratory and testing facilities, SSPE "Region" pays great attention to research and development in the field of aerodynamics and hydrodynamics of underwater high-speed implementation of rocket engines for underwater guns.
Guided aerial bombs (KAB) created SSPE "Region", belong to a class of high-precision instruments and are of the highest combat effectiveness, reliability and noise immunity, as evidenced by their operation in the Russian Air Force. A distinctive feature of the CC is a combination of high precision, comparable to the number of all possible cases with precision guided missiles, and heavy-duty combat units.
Now guided aerial bombs are fitted with different guidance systems — TV-correlation, laser-gyro-stabilized satellite, which can ensure the accuracy of falling within 3-10 meters across the spectrum of altitude and rate of discharge. According to an aspect of "cost-effectiveness" are superior to unguided bombs 10-30 times. A number of criteria are comparable in this aspect with guided missiles, but has repeatedly surpass them in power and stand in the 10's as much.
Developed in the current time SSPE "Region" guided aerial bombs have the caliber 250, 500 and 1500 kg. For their characteristic wide range used by combat units (concrete-penetrating and FAE). Specially designed warheads designed to defeat a strong and buried targets, the goals, hidden in the folds of the terrain.
The future development of CC priemuschestvenno associated with an increase in guidance accuracy and range of implementation
, which provides relief of ammunition out of the reach of enemy air defenses. Of course, in the coming term, a significant place in military aviation will take reconnaissance-strike and attack drones. Because the trend of corrected air bomblets — up to 100 kg.
Innovative integral indicator of at least some of the company is the refresh rate of production and its competitiveness against the best global counterparts. If in the past two years, the 10-ka Enterprise Edition of "Tactical Missile armament"New or revised pieces of quantifiable units, the current time are preparing to launch a mass creation of 15 new titles types of precision instruments (WTO). Namely, updated the entire line of aircraft SD.
In a class of export SD "air-to-surface" are:
in a series of general purpose (multi-purpose)
a) missiles like the X-38ME (development of the parent company). The modular principle to imply the possibility of equipping different combination guidance systems, which include inertial and final versions of clear guidance on the basis of homing laser, thermal imaging, radar or type of satellite navigation;
b) Missile System tools "Gadfly-ME" SD-X-59M2E (GosMKB "Rainbow") is capable of engaging surface and surface targets, identifiable by the operator on the function indicator. The complex can be used day and night and in poor visibility criteria;
c) the Kh-59MK2 (GosMKB "Rainbow") with the optoelectronic system adjustments and final guidance designed to defeat a wide range of ground targets with known coordinates of the location, including those not of the radio and do not have radar, infrared and optical contrast to the surrounding background.
in a number of specialized (by type of use) UR:
a) anti-radiation UR:
X-31PD (parent company);
X-58USHKE (GosMKB "Rainbow").
Both missiles are equipped with a wide-range passive radar homing, and a navigation system and automatic control based on strapdown navigation system (SINS). Significantly improved range of performance characteristics (precision guidance range of implementation, the effectiveness of combat units, etc.);
b) air-launched anti-UR:
speed X-31AD with improved ramjet engine (the parent company);
low-altitude (altitude on final — 4 m) X-35UE (parent company) — the future development of the proven aircraft missiles Kh-35E.
Kh-59MK — missile over-range (GosMKB "Rainbow") to engage a wide range of surface radar-contrast targets with an effective reflecting surface (EOC) from 300 sq. m. m (including those of the "cruiser") on the principle of "fire — forget it" at any time of the day in all weather criteria. It is adapted to all Russian front aviation aircraft.
New developments (SSPE "Region") corrected bombs include:
KAB-500S-E with satellite-guided equipment, and high-explosive warhead to destroy targets with known coordinates in advance, which are introduced to the zone of discharge. Chance of a correction on signals navigation system on board the vehicle. Weapon Accuracy — 2.7 meters, height of relief — 500-5000 m Works on the principle "dropped — forget it" and can be consumed at any time of day and even what the weather.
KAB-1500LG-F-E with high-explosive warhead and semi-active laser homing system for gyro-stabilized defeat motionless ground and sea targets such as railway and highway bridges, military and industrial facilities, ships, bearing Fri, including nestled in the folds of the terrain. Used singly or in one gulp with frontline aircraft, equipped with laser target illumination system or a simple collimator sights for the issuance of preliminary target detection (using a highlighter ground). Pointing Accuracy — 4.7 meters, height of relief — 1000-8000 km.
In a class of export SD "air-air" are created ("GosMKB" Vympel ")
UR short-range and close highly maneuverable air combat RVV-MD for modern weapons and promising fighters, attack planes and helicopters. Compared with the previous version (F-73E), the introduction of increased range, maneuverability properties, corners targeting, increased noise immunity (including the optical interference). Missile guidance system includes all-aspect passive infrared homing (dual-band GCI) combined aerogazodinamicheskim control;
SD medium-range RVV-SD for modern weapons and promising fighters. At the launch range of up to 110 km is capable of hitting targets with overload up to 12 g at any time of the day, at all angles, in the criteria for RAP, against the background of the Earth's surface and aqua, including multi-channel fire on the principle of "fire — forgotten." Missile guidance systems — inertial with radio and active radar homing;
UR-range RVV-BD. For the first time on display at the MAKS-2011. Compared with the previous SD-range R-33E brand new missile has a significantly improved properties. The highest aerodynamic missiles RVV-BD, and the introduction of a dual-mode solid-propellant rocket motor with a starting weight of 510 kg can provide a range of start-up to 200 km (in the P-33E — 120 km) and the ability to hit targets with overload 8 g (at P-33E — 4 g) at altitudes ranging from 15 m to 25 km.
It must be emphasized that, despite the continued availability of the names mentioned developments previous articles, it is actually new standards in the WTO. They are all made on the new engineering and development level, based on the extensive use of digital technology, new principles and guidance systems, allowing users to extend combat abilities.
The standards of the latest generation of tactical WTO shown at the MAKS-2011, impartially enhance the company's brand "Tactical Missiles" as large multi-well-functioning company capable of delivering world-class products.