A side effect of uniting Europe — migration. Labor and not. The need for additional labor force has increased nationalist sentiment in the countries.
To the complex concept of "multiculturalism 'is a simple idea that different cultures, being together, learn to live side by side with each other, not to the neglect of its cultural identity. After the Second World War, European countries are in desperate need of labor, and in large numbers took foreigners. Experts believe that one generation society can absorb a maximum of 5 percent of the immigrants. But an influx of too large. And after half a century of German Chancellor Angela Merkel had to first declare the bankruptcy of the policy of multiculturalism.
"In the early 60's, our country has invited foreign workers. For some time we deceive ourselves and say things they have not stay, sometime they will leave. But it did not. Of course, our approach was to multiculturalism, that we will live together and appreciate each other. This approach has failed, absolutely failed, "- she stated.
To reconsider the policy of multiculturalism, and the authorities had to Britain. In 80 years the country has developed an entire system of measures to support national minorities, so that they can preserve their identity, culture and tradition. Moreover, a number of laws in order to prevent any form of discrimination based on ethnic or racial grounds. But in 2007, in the UK carried out a sociological study that showed — it does not work. A third of British Muslims felt that they were closer to the brothers in the faith of others, rather than fellow-Englishmen. And in the end a year ago Prime Minister David Cameron made a sensational statement for the Kingdom.
"It's time to turn the page on the failed policies when, in accordance with the doctrine of a multicultural society in the country separately coexisted different cultures. It is time to liberalism with muscles … We must say openly to deny the passive tolerance of recent years "- said British Prime Minister David Cameron.
And six months later, in August 2011th in Britain riots erupt along ethnic lines after police shot dead a black Londoner. Pogroms erupted in several major cities in the country, young people looted and burned hundreds of shops, five people were killed.
Major changes seem coming in France. Nicolas Sarkozy, who in the past February stated the need of integration, today is rapidly losing ground.
"We do not want a society in which the community just next door. The French did not want and will not change their way of life. And if someone comes to France, he should join this unified national community ", — says the president of France, Nicolas Sarkozy.
Those who could not join, Sarkozy, of course, also worked — had, for example, a campaign to "voluntary" expulsion of Roma from the country. A National Assembly passed a law banning the sensational cover the face in public places. But before the presidential election will not be long, and the current leader of the Fifth Republic is steadily catching up with Marine Le Pen — leader of the far-right "National Front." She promises to "return to the people of France to his country and his pride," reducing legal immigration by 20 times. The recent riots in Clermont-Ferrand, who staged a come from North Africa, only added Ms Le Pen campaign points.
Nationalist parties and movements are gradually strengthened its position in many European countries, and in some cases even win a majority in parliament. Last spring, the elections in Finland have achieved unprecedented success "True Finns" who insist on reducing non-labor migration and intend to cut back on social benefits for foreigners granted residence permits. A little earlier, in September 2010, the elections to the Swedish Parliament celebrated the success of far-right "Democrats Sweden." In the same year in the Netherlands nationalists took third place, and in Hungary, the two parties of the nationalist-leaning together received almost 70 percent of the vote. In Switzerland, two-thirds of citizens voted for a ban on building minarets.
A symbol of the social tensions in Europe has been the island of Lampedusa. After the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt, and during the military campaign in Libya, the tiny Italian island — the closest to North Africa — poured tens of thousands of refugees. When they were already more than the locals, they feel themselves masters. Looting.
Italian authorities asked for help from the European Union. But without waiting for her, began to issue travel documents to the EU all in a row, and the refugees immediately went to France in search of work. Sarkozy immediately introduced border controls.
But four months later, there was a tragedy in Norway. Suicide Islamophobe Anders Breivik, a bomb exploded in the center of Oslo and shot a youth camp on the island of Utoya, said so to protest against government policy in the field of migration. Killed 77 teenagers. This crime is revealed: a European problem of multiculturalism has come close to a dangerous point.