In the last days of theme-horizon radar missile warning again came out in news feeds. A prerequisite for this was the statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan. According to official Baku, Russian military suspend the operation of the Gabala radar station (project "DTV"). The reason for this are the results of the negotiations between Russia and Azerbaijan: negotiating an agreement on the extension of this radar, the country has not been able to come to the same beliefs about the rent. Because of this, operation of the plant, at least during pauses.
Such announcements on missile shield our country immediately summoned diversified reaction. Naturally, the Gabala "DTV" is significantly out of date, and requests the change. Go with this claim appeared in the Russian Defense Ministry, which consist in rejecting the idea out of the station. Such a reaction is completely understandable: the system of missile warning — a very important element of the defense of the country, so it could save so, the benefits in the form of 14-15 million U.S. dollars in year not worth the strategic loss. Admittedly, some loss from the decommissioning of the Gabala radar station is all the same. But, fortunately for the defense of, the loss of these are not very significant, so as not to turn away from the station to the area of Azerbaijan.
Over the years, as our military stations used in the lands independent states, Russian scientists and engineers from the Radio Engineering Institute. Academician AL Mintz and Research Distant radio made a few new projects over the horizon radar family "Voronezh" that have currently come to replace the Russian-built complexes. The main feature of the radar "Voronezh" is their highest degree of prefabrication. This means that the construction and commissioning of the station takes even less time than building a radar past projects. At the current time there are three versions of such stations, "Voronezh-M", operating in the VHF spectrum, "Voronezh-DM", using microwaves, and promising high-grade "Voronezh-VP." Radar stations of the family "Voronezh" have a vision radius of the order of 5.5-6 kilometers. For all this they consume significantly less power than the previous station. Thus, the Gabala "DTV" asks about 50 megawatts of power, and "Voronezh" rather just 0.7-0.8 MW. With such a difference in energy consumption both stations have roughly equal property review. Also worth noting is the technological simplicity of the new stations. "Voronezh", depending on the modification consists of 25-30 units, and the total number of units and aggregates "Daria" exceeds four thousand. All this is most directly affects the price of the finished plant: construction and installation of the "Voronezh" is worth less than 1.5-2 billion rubles, which is much cheaper to manufacture and installation of "Daria."
As a substitute for the Gabala radar station in February 2009 near Armavir in trial operation station of the "Voronezh-DM". Its field of view is partly overlaps with the field of the Gabala radar station, enabling it at the moment renounce station in Azerbaijan. In the area of responsibility of the Armavir station comes to North Africa, southern Europe, and the Middle East. At the current time the radar near Armavir preparing for terminating the testing stage and will soon be adopted in order forces air and space defense. In the future, the Armavir radar system will receive another station, which significantly increment its field of view. For a couple of years before the "Voronezh-DM" in the Krasnodar region near the village Lekhtusi (Leningrad region) built station of the "Voronezh-M" that monitors the North Atlantic region, the North Sea, Scandinavia, the English islands, etc.
At the end of November last year was put into operation the-horizon radar is another of the "Voronezh-DM", located near the town of Pioneer Kaliningrad region. This station covers the area of responsibility of the radar "Volga" near Baranovichi (Belarus) and "Dnepr" near the town of Mukachevo (Ukraine). So Makarov, one newcomer station of early detection will change immediately two little old and need to cancel the lease of objects in adjacent countries. Since May of this year, another "Voronezh-M", located under Usolye Siberia (Irkutsk Region), has taken up a pilot-combat duty. From other stations of its own project, this object is different antenna field larger area and, as a consequence, a huge field of view. Thanks shestisektsionnoy antenna (the other "Voronezh" dish has three sections) radar station in the Irkutsk region may hold the key place from Alaska to India, partly overlapping areas of responsibility have long been not working station near the town of Balkhash-9 (Kazakhstan).
In the coming years, the Defense Ministry plans to build several more plants of the "Voronezh". One of them will be located near the town of Pechora (Komi Republic) and an old station will change the project "DTV" and the other will replace the "Dniester" in the Murmansk region. Also, will soon begin construction of the "Voronezh" at Barnaul and Yenisei. So Makar, the new radar missile warning shut down virtually all unsecured areas. Incorporated in 2013, the station can be built, tested and commissioned, at most, to the years 2017-18. Such short periods of work justified the above-mentioned simple and inexpensive construction. In conjunction with increased funding for the retrofitting of Russian missile warning these advantages "Voronezh" can fairly rapidly to complete the substitution of old times all over the horizon radar, without actually playing in time, cost or quality.
Only one question remains: what will happen with the rest of the border stations? Commissioning of the new "Voronezh" will allow including the complete implementation of some of them as superfluous, unnecessary complexity and additional costs in the form of rent. So that our homeland will be able to simply turn away from them, and nothing to lose. In addition, the new radar station on its territory can be used as a bargaining chip in a typical political games. Adjoining countries — Ukraine, Belarus or Azerbaijan — continuing to insist on raising the price of their own rental stations may dotorgovatsya to the fact that Moscow refuses to and from the board and from the stations themselves. Because of this, the neighboring countries, although not lose a lot of money may be required to go for a rent reduction, if only to keep such item of income.
As we see, the whole situati
on with the Russian system of missile warning went exactly in accordance with the precepts of economics textbooks. Needing the-horizon radar, our country has not lusted after either had the ability to invest in the development and construction of new ones on their own terrain. Because of this, we were still required to pay, but zabugornom now independent states for the lease of existing facilities. At the moment, the Russian Federation has emerged as the ability to invest in the future, and we will soon cease to depend on the rental date objects, one hundred percent going to the introduction of radar stations located in their area. And yet not so pleasant, that because of the events of recent years a full transfer stations warning of the attack has not yet happened and so far only expected.
According to the materials of websites: