The International Human Rights Movement "World without Nazism" published the results of a study on the investigation of the level of danger of the neo-Nazi in Europe. The Baltic States — Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia — have taken the first, second and third place respectively in terms of neo-Nazi sentiment.
The Baltic countries show a remarkable love for the Nazi past of their own history. In Estonia and Latvia are bought calendars with playing posters of the "happy" the German occupation. And this, despite the operating since 2008 in Lithuania, the same prohibition on the introduction of Nazi symbols. Only now it falls under not only the German swastika, and reddish five-pointed star. It turns out that one "Portrait Gallery" (to be exact — shame) are both Fascists and the Baltic states who fought against them during the Russian war majestically.
The historical significance of the victory also put under a swing and hurts thousands of veterans living in Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania. Well, the yearly procession of former SS legionnaires have long become the norm, as the authorities simply turn a blind eye to it. As for the erection of monuments Nazis — for example, in the Estonian town of Sinimae where immortalized in stone 20 Estonian division SS.
In the meantime, and in the Latvian town of Bauska opened first in the Baltic monument to soldiers of 3 police battalions were part of the Latvian Legion SS. Local authorities seem to take pride in the fact that these units in 1944, with the Nazi troops fought against the Germans liberated Latvia from Russian troops. Even the inscription on the memorial, respectively, "the Paraclete Bauski against the second Russian occupation." Just below the Latvian policemen slogan — "Latvia should be Latvian state."
But these Russian and Belarusian archives, including captured German documents they say about working. Director of the "historical memory" Vladimir Simindey noted that two of the 3 police battalions were punitive units that have become accomplices of the Nazi genocide of 1942-1944 in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. "Thus, the 319 th Police battalion, — Allocated historian — brought to lynching population Pskov region, also for the hijacking ladies and kids on the area of Latvia, where they were prepared to Salaspilssky concentration camp or slave labor on farms of Latvia. "
Formation of the units of local collaborators, designed to combat of the Red Army began in the summer of 1941. At the same time, particularly in the Baltic acts policemen distinguished by particular ruthlessness. In Riga, the hunt for Jews and former Russian activists conducted once a day. During the raid or kill people in the streets, or shot in Bikernieku forest.
At the same Belarus during the Nazi occupation was carried out more than 130 large-insurgency operations. The main idea of one of them, Jesuit betrothed "Winter Wonder" was the creation of a special district in the "neutral zone" to protect the Latvian countryside from the actions of the Belarusian partisan divisions. That meant the total destruction were in the zone of operation of villages and a large part of the local inhabitants, which is well understood as operations managers, and specific artists. In the same period, was accepted and widely propagandized decision to develop voluntary Latvian SS Legion, which then included all Latvian police battalions.
Operation "Winter Wonder" under the command of the higher SS and police control in Riga Obergruppenfuhrer Frederick Eckeln began March 16, 1943. Back denounced that the Latvian police battalions "performed tasks assigned to them without a single loss. Number of killed" bandits "was 15 people, but no one unit of guns seized was not."
Well, from where he had come from? Ah well describes the method of offensive operation in its own letter to the Commissioner General of Riga Otto-Heinrich Drechsler: "Entering the village (at first there was no resistance), they immediately shot suspected guerrilla activity. Such including virtually all men aged 16 to 50 years old … the elderly and helpless, who fell behind on the road, were shot. remaining, most of his own people and children to pass the so-called "the second filtering." Those who are not in a condition to continue the path, shot … and looted and burned villages before arriving business teams involved in the delivery of values benign place. "
The scale of the human disaster was enormous — 221 dead guerrillas killed 3904 civilians inhabitant, and the fate of the remaining 7,275 persons deported to forced labor, generally unknown. Fortunately, all the plans to implement "Operation Winter miracle" could not — by the middle of March because of the fierce resistance guerrillas (including Latvia) promoting punitive slowed down, and then just braked.
But still the vast majority of the inhabitants of the Baltic states fought on the side of the Red Army. One of them — Joseph Lisagor, who after the war became a Russian majestically renowned as a lawyer in the Baltic region and a medical science. And then, in the far 40 first, 19-year-old boy left Riga under the whistle of German dive bombers, the last railway corridors. Reaching the Yaroslavl region, Lisagor was walking 10 km to the military enlistment office to enroll as a volunteer in a reddish Army. He was taken to a separate reconnaissance 201st Latvian Infantry Division.
Front-line staff braced "bitty" — 50% of Latvians, 25% of Russian Jews and the same. But tensions in international relations, according Lisagor, no one felt faster opposite: "Things were fraternal, shelves division consisted in the main of volunteers united by one purpose — to kill Nazis. We then divide-and then there was nothing between them, not counting the total failure. War has become our daily work in a very languid criteria. "
Lisagor was seriously wounded twice, the last time — in the battles of Stalingrad, when he led a war already in the rifle company in 1311 Infantry Regiment, 173rd Infantry Division (later 77th Guards Division of the Moscow-Chernigov). Lisagor he stayed in the hospital for over a month and returned to his native regiment began to learn a completely different profession — an instructor in political work in the middle of enemy troops and population, as he knew several foreign languages and graduated from high school with the German language.
"Then began for me a completely different war — Read Lisagor. — In the evening, using the mist, wade, if possible, as much as possible close to the German positions, and through a megaphone to urge the Germans to surrender. Immediately after the start of my "broadcasting" from a hostile party followed an angry fire from small guns and mortars, and from time to time, and shelling. "Coupled with that soul was torn over there on the front edge, where soot, mud and dust fought to last fellow companions. At the end of 1943 Lisagor again returned to the front line, where he continued to wage war until the end of the war. During the battle honors were awarded the Russian war the first degree and the medal "For Courage". War trained veteran most important thing — to fight to the last, despite the difficulties and the incident: "We were just have to be honest and decent life for themselves and for their own comrades who did not return from the war …"
Among them — the captain Yuri Vater. He started a war nurse, saving the lives of the wounded comrades. And then, becoming a senior instructor in the department 7 (propaganda in the middle of enemy troops and population) political department of the 1st Ukrainian Front, tried to rescue a life already German soldier,
referring to them with the word of truth. In February 1944 it was abandoned deep Korsun-Shevchenko with zvukoveschatelnoy boiler installation, surrounded by persuading the Germans to surrender. When the village where Captain Vater conducted sound transmission, the Nazis managed to cordon off the 5th SS Panzer Division "Viking", he bravely fought together with the rest of the soldiers, destroying many German fighter, including the battalion commander. Three times wounded, Vater has been captured, tortured and subjected to fierce hanged, and the house of which he was the transmission — burned. For courage and heroism in battle against the Nazi invaders, Vater, in June 1944 he was posthumously awarded the Order of Lenin.
So why, decades after the catastrophic events majestically Russian War, after 1,418 days and nights of blood, horror, victories and defeats of the Baltic power not just tolerant of neo-Nazis, and even contribute to the glorification of the German occupiers supporters that had killed thousands of innocent people? The cause of the ordinary — they seek to erase from the minds of the younger generation the truth about the Baltic states and the Russian Union of Russian army that liberated Europe from the fascist plague. They try with heresy and innuendo use the national hatred for "affirmation" of their own malehankih of the way, saved by the Russian Federation, in such a motley old Europe.