Moscow is built on an ancient temple

21.05.2013

For more than ten years, both in Russia has become fashionable concept of "Places of Power", which is actively used the media, television, esotericism and the profane. At the same time, a number of historians seriously believe that the famous seven hills on which, according to legend, is Moscow — is not at all seven hills and seven ancient sacred centers.

In their place in ancient times, first Slavs worshiped pagan gods or nature, then the Orthodox saints, and in Soviet times, religious buildings housed the state atheists.

Tell Edition "Mysteries and secrets" about where is actually located seven spiritual heights of Moscow, has agreed to a famous writer, anthropologist and expert on secret societies of the world Andrei Sinelnikov.

— Andrew, what is the sacred places of our ancestors?

— In an era when our ancestors worshiped their ancient gods, such places were called pagan temple. In the middle of them burned znich — a ritual fire, around which were placed trebische and ambulatory. Trebische — this is the place where their gods demanded necessary for the good of the tribe, and ambulatory — where walking during the holidays people.

— Is in Moscow were the pagan temples? It is a relatively young city.
— According to research by archaeologists, Moscow was literally full of ancient pagan temples. And there they are almost to the time of the Troubles and the coming to power of the Romanov dynasty. For example, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich wrote Shumsky governor in 1649, complaining about the huge pagan celebrations on December 22 to celebrate praised Kalyada, Usenya and "plow", playing clowns everywhere. Among the areas affected by the fun, they were given: the Kremlin, China, White and Ground of the city, that is, almost all the territory of Moscow in those years.

Such persistence tradition due to the fact that Moscow was founded on the place where the sanctuary was larger than usual, it was a single sacred complex area of about 8 square kilometers, built as an image of the laws of the world kolovrascheniya.

— But what's the legendary seven hills?

— It is well known that Moscow stands on seven hills. However, she is not alone. Rome, Byzantium (Constantinople, Constantinople) also are on the seven hills. Historians many countries struggling to find these legendary hills, hills, or at least something similar to them, but in vain. Therefore, a theory of the seven spiritual, not physical heights. Indeed, the holy city of Rome, initially writing as Rum, the ancient name of the holy shrines Roma had to stand in the holy place. Tsar hail, as you know — Second Rome and Moscow — the Third. The names of those spiritual heights are different in different people, but most likely they are pronounced the names of the gods.

— How the gods worshiped in ancient Slavs Moscow?

— It is known for seven deities Rod Velez, Midsummer, Jari, Makos, Perun and Troyan. Studying rodovercheskie book, I, along with colleagues discovered an interesting list of Moscow's ancient temples dedicated to the old Slavic gods. Referring to him as the circumstantial evidence, we have tried to prove or disprove the foregoing it in practice.

— What have you got? — Something Coincidentally, some not, but the places we calculated the temples! The fact that the space forces by changing all faiths and religions necessarily engaged in symbolic construction of a new cult, often keeping the external signs, and even changed the name of the forerunners. The most popular and revered spiritual apex for any length of time, of course, was a military glory. Gods of War were the Greeks — Ares, the Romans — Mars, the Scandinavians — Thor, the Slavs — Perun. Is the pinnacle of the military spirit, "hill" soldiers and Moscow.

— Where?

— The shape of the temple of the god of warriors at the time looked like an octagon, reflecting the character of Perun "ognevik", "bell" — eight pointed star. Oriented to the cardinal points, it was frustrating the interior space into nine sanctuaries in which to worship the gods of light. Eight shrines located around the ninth on great warrior spirit — the god Perun. The altar of the temples at the center of the city on the Sura-stone, which is located on the Red Square in its transition to Vasiliev (Veles) descent. This huge glacial boulder then served as the basis of the Trinity Church, which stood on this spot. Then the system unit and the appearance of Perun temples were used Postnik and Barma devyatikupolnogo in the construction of the temple of the Holy Virgin on the Moat, also known as Saint Basil's Cathedral. This is the first sacred hill — a hill Perun.

— Whose temple was the second in importance after Perun?

— Second spiritual value, revered in Russia, it was what we call "fate" or "share". As you know, the threads of fate spun divine spinners: the Greeks — the Fates, the Romans — parks, the Vikings — Norns, the Slavs main spinner — Makos. Holm Ma-koshi — the temple of the hosts of their own destiny, which could be called "sacred couple." Sacred pair are usually two temples: male and female, are on opposite sides of the river. If the river makes a bend, then formed a high "embracing" bank and "cuddle" water meadow.

Borovitckii hill and Zamoskvorech'e great fit the definition of a couple. On the hill there were male temple Yarile — the sun god, the god of life. And the river would have to be in place worship of a female deity — Mokos-fate. To find a location Mokos temples, you need to understand who is present in the incoming replaced it with a cult of Christianity. This Paraskeva Friday! Street name Pyatnitska points us to a female deity, to whom worshiped here since ancient times. Indeed, in the street was a church Paraskeva

Friday, which has conditional status "proschnoy." And on ethnographic evidence, "simpler" Mokos called places of worship. She stood on the spot where now lobby the metro station "Novokuznetsk".

— So, Yarile temple was in front, on the Borovitsky hill. Why did meet this deity?

— How Ra in Egypt and Apollo in Greece, Yarylo the Slavs was responsible for life. According to legend, the site of the sanctuary was laid wooden church of St. John the Baptist that Bor. Chronicler argued that this temple, "the first in the Moscow church to be." Construction of the Christian church did not change much, because next was still in Veles stone, which on holidays flocked Muscovites.

In 1509, this temple was built a chapel of the holy Martyr Varus. Muscovites called it the old fashioned way Yar, meaning Yarilov. But October 2, 1846, Emperor Nicholas Pavlovich, being in the Kremlin, made a comment that the church of St. Varus spoil the view from the windows of the Kremlin Palace. When the nobleman AN Ants turned to the lord of the church with a request to keep the temple, he said, rather pointedly, "I'm sorry that I worship the icons of the other shrine, not perched rocks Vasily the Dark." It should be noted that the stumbling Basil Dark Metropolitan Filaret stone is referred to Veles. Varus temple was demolished and the stone Velez cleaned overnight. Obviously, the temple was Yarile in Bor, that is, in the Kremlin, on the Borovitsky hill.

— But what a life without the will and destiny, particularly revered in Russia? What god was responsible for it?

— Yes, the deity will, freedom and power was greatly venerated especially in the northern peoples. The Celts and Vikings — this is Freya, or Fried. In Slavic and Baltic — Velez. It so happened that the location of the temples of Veles was the most accurately known and, surprisingly, it is confirmed by archaeological excavations. This is the famous Red Hill, or as it is called in ancient times, Bolvanova Mountain. It is noteworthy that the old name of the street Verhneradischevskoy located in this place — Bolvanovka.

This word called Christians of pagan idols at temple, so the presence of such a place name can be considered as a fact that points to the existence in these places of pagan worship. As a rule, the place where the temple was located, the sacred fires burning — Chigasov. Therefore, the exact location of the temples — a church or monastery, built on the site of the temples, which have in their title the word "Chigasov."

And, indeed, in the yard of the house on the coast waterfront once stood Chigasov Saviour Monastery. For the first time it is mentioned in the annals as the stone in 1483. Next to him was a saint of the Church of Nikita, about which the chronicle in 1533 said: "… came up big scary cloud … and Yauzoyu for the church of the holy Martyr Nikita break through the wall … "When in place of the church in 1997 by Nikita excavated, they found several clay figurines rider riding on a wolf and a man with a wolf's head and a tambourine in her hand.

Figurines are unique and dated by archaeologists XIV century, that is, the time when the Red Hill just starting populated citizens. These findings clearly show, whose temple was in this place, because the wolf — a totem animal of the god Veles. No wonder the word "power" and "will" phonetically in tune with the word "wolf". However, some researchers have correlated Belesa the ox, but this is a wrong comparison, because in many chronicles Slavic-Baltic sources Beles exactly is interpreted with the wolf.

— What about the father of all the Slavic gods — Rod?

— Of course, in Moscow there and his temple. Rod — single Slavonic god, the creator of all life and existence. Rod — this veneration of ancestors, the appeal to a different world, to the Navi. In the old Moscow is an interesting place, preserving their identity today. To the west of the Kremlin's district stretches Chertolye, which included Chertolskie street, creek Chertoroy Volkhonka settlement Vlassieva girl and two Vlasevskiy alley. Sivcev Vrazhek was also in Chertolye. Mash on the Moscow dialect called ravines, and in this case it's a ravine, creek Chertoryya. Since Sivcev Vrazhek and other names listed above Chertolye back to the original elements, to unite all the gods, it is the genus. venerated in the area. And the names of the streets Chertolye occurred not from "hell," as one might think, but from the "line" that separates the Nav and Reality.

Nav — the world of ancestors, ancestors, those who keep the tradition of Rod and Reality — the world of the living. Most likely, the temple was at the bottom of the ravine, through which flowed a stream Chertoroy. Most likely, in the place where now Sivcev Vrazhek intersects with the Greater and Lesser Vlasevskiy-E lanes. Previously, there was the tract Goat Swamp. This title — also pagan roots, because the goat was the symbol and embodiment of generative power of the earth. This — Smolensk area. — Where is the temple of a particular favorite in Moscow Kupala?

— Midsummer — it is always rituals associated with water, fire and herbs. The main part of midsummer rites held at night. In Kupala, the shortest night of the year come to life Navi inhabitants. Lost the distinction between spirits and humans. In our world come nymphs, and Weird Sisters, werewolves, mermaids, witches, goblins, water, goblins. On the feast of Kupala, according to popular belief, water can "make friends" with fire, and their union is a natural force.

The symbol of such compounds are campfires on the shores of rivers, which lit up the night of Kupala. But numerous ethnographic studies say that Kupala — is a later name of another ancient god — Marena. Marena image associated with death, hence the seasonal agricultural rites — in honor of the death and resurrection of nature. The analogue of the deity of the Egyptians favor of Sekhmet, and the Scandinavians — Hel. So, the role of the temples Marena can claim another point Chertolye — the water's Chertoryya into the Moscow River. That is to say, the other end of the ravine Navego — Sivtseva Vrazhek.

Very remarkable fate of this place, which is called the damned — it is known for being here for centuries churches were built, but it was all short-lived and the sad fate. Two stalled in the ancient monastery, blown up by the first Christ the Savior Cathedral, Palace of the Soviets, "uplyvshy" on the flood waters of a swimming pool "Moscow" — all of these objects "bad place" like a cast off, trying to remain free … So, the temple Kupala-Marena, the spirit of magic, was located on the site of the present Kropotkin area.

— Who was the seventh in the pantheon of gods of ancient Slavs?

— This is a Trojan, Triglav, or Tribog. Historians Gerborda this deity holds sway over the three worlds — heaven, earth and the underworld. Troyan, Triglav — in Slavic mythology, the three-headed god, symbolizing the trinity of everything in this world. Day — night — day. Winter — summer — a year. The sun — the moon — the sky. Man — woman — a family. Nav — Reality — Rule.

Feast of Troyan is not restricted to the date of the calendar and coincides with the appearance of colors on the oak, and it is around 22 May. Oak — a sacred tree Troyan, and Oak Grove is required to place his temples. This place was in Moscow. It is charged, the place where the newly located hotel "Russia".

Interviewed by Dmitry Sokolov
"Mysteries and secrets," May 2013


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