September 22 — One of the dates that precedes the end of the world December 21, 2012. This day will be a powerful outburst of solar energy, which will plunge the Earth into darkness in the literal sense of the word. Will break down all electrical and electronic devices. I wonder how humanity will be after so many years of living in an environment in which there are still some African tribes?
The sun begins its next cycle of activity 24, it is reported special spots that appeared on the surface of the solar plasma and which were to pinpoint satellites STEREO — NASA special tool. "This is the biggest event we'll be watching for the last 200-300 years" — said Michael Kaiser, a researcher at the Department of heliophysics at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. "Does this mean that we are entering the maximum values of solar activity over the past 2,000 years? It's hard to say, anything can happen. The last person seen similar spots on the sun was Galileo, the first time he saw them in the early 17th century, when they were smaller. After 28 cycles, which have been well documented, that is, from 1745 to the present day, serious outbreaks were observed. That is, for unknown reasons, the current solar minimum lasts longer than usual, "- says Kaiser.
That is exactly one month we are waiting for the next solar maximum. Will we see the great solar Corona — a huge explosion of plasma on the sun (CME), the same as was in 1859? Most likely, it will be even more. Scientists are finally beginning to properly understand the historical significance of a solar storm in 1859. And September 22, 2012 storm, which was the most potent against the Earth's ionosphere in recorded history — could happen again.
Earth is plunged into darkness
Yes, it can happen that from September 22, Earth plunged into darkness. What is a solar Gipershtorm? Even 153 years ago, many of Earth's inhabitants realized that there was a kind of universal catastrophe. Within several hours the present circuit has occurred on all telegraph wires, as in the United States and in Europe. A Northern Lights — a phenomenon that accompanies the contact strong solar electromagnetic radiation and magnetic field of the Earth can be observed not only in the far north, but also in the South — in Rome, Havana, Hawaii.
What happened in 1859 was a combination of several events that have occurred on the Sun at the same time. If they took place separately they would be somewhat notable events. But together they caused the most powerful destruction of the Earth's ionosphere in recorded history. "The fact that they are generated, and today — it's a perfect sphere to create a space storm", — says Bruce Tsurutani, a plasma physicist, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. To begin to understand that there is a "perfect storm", you need to imagine — Sun contains 99.86% of the mass of the solar system more than a million volumes of the Earth could fit inside its volume. The total energy radiated by the Sun averages 383 billion trillion kilowatts, equivalent to the energy generated by 100 billion tons of TNT explosion every second.
"It will be a hell of a light show!"
And that phenomenon, which happens on September 22 — it actually doubles the energy generated by the sun. "It will be a hell of a light show" — says Bruce Tsurutani. He believes that once in 1859 hurt even the telegraph, today will blow dealt to all electronic communication systems. "In fact, after September 22, 2012 will remain unchanged only life in African tribes — just a couple of days they have a headache, the rest of the world will have to radically change their habits, because they can lose everything" — said Tsurutani.
Today the sun is at its peak — it 4.6 billion years old, and it has enough fuel to live another five billion years or so. At the end of its "life" of the Sun will begin processing helium into heavier elements. After a billion years the sun will be known as a red giant. Another possible end — turning into a white dwarf, it is cooled down to the core. It may take trillions of years, it was so many years to make the sun would cool down completely.
Small magnetic storms, scientists say, have a greater negative impact on the human body than strong. Sleep disorders and performance, irritability and nervousness may even feel perfectly healthy people, doctors warn, assuring at the same time that can prevent sickness, giving more time to rest and sleep. According to experts, if the small magnetic storm occurs at night, in the morning the human body has time to adapt to it and is easier to tolerate further bursts of geomagnetic activity. In any case, experts advise on such days in advance of taking drugs prescribed by the doctor, and avoid serious physical and emotional stress.
Solar Cycle characterizes the phenomenon called zones of activity. This phenomenon means that the active phenomena do not occur in the sun at arbitrary locations, and are located in relatively narrow zones encircling the sun parallel to the equator. According to the modern theory of such zones in each cycle should be two. One of them lies above the equator at a latitude of about 30 degrees, that is located in the northern hemisphere of the Sun and the second should be located symmetrically in the southern hemisphere. Formation of the first of the two zones of activity (northern) occurred on the Sun at the end of March 2009. The second zone, scientists believe, has not yet formed.