American called Nessie monster, which for several centuries from time to time appears on the surface of Lake Champlain. Hundreds of people saw old Shampa (so lovingly nicknamed monster locals), which allows seriously talk about the possible existence in this body of water most of this, miraculously surviving dinosaur.
Champlain — a very deep, picturesque lake, which stretches nearly 190 miles from north to south between the states of Vermont and New York (USA) and reaches the Canadian province of Quebec. Perhaps in the cold depths of this beautiful lake is still a mysterious shadow glides a real plesiosaur, a representative of a bygone era of the dinosaurs. In addition to this monster sights of Lake Champlain are "deposits" at the bottom of the whiskey and rather unusual — seiches.
Whiskey on the bottom
If this old man really lives Lake Champ, he has the potential to be an alcoholic … The fact that Lake Champlain in 1920-23, respectively, during Prohibition, served as the main artery for the smugglers who supply the U.S. Canadian whiskey. They loaded the boxes of liquor and small boats towed them on boats, moving from Quebec to the south. Often, in the northern part of the lake smugglers were waiting patrol boats United States. To get rid of the evidence, spirit "businessmen" sank the boat with "fire water." How much whiskey Champlain lies at the bottom, no one knows because the depth of the lake in some places 120 m divers regularly take out from the bottom of the bottle and sell their numerous tourists.
I want to see a monster!
But most of the tourists are not interested in bottles of whiskey. They stared into the lake, looking for something completely unsuitable for drinking between 5 and 10 m, with black skin, a long neck, snake-head with two horns. After all, more than 300 people claim to have seen in the Lake Champlain monster, which each year attracts thousands of tourists this area.
The first recorded message Champex dated July 1609, when the French explorer Samuel de Champlain, who discovered this famous lake, said he had noticed in his 6-foot water snake as thick as the barrel and with a head like a horse.
Shampa seen captains, ministers, doctors, police officers, historians, tourists. Thus, 58 passengers of the ship reported that a monster with three to five humps, in length from 9 to 11 m accompanied the ship on the port side for 5 minutes, then turned 90 degrees and disappeared. "Do not tell me that it was a carp or sturgeon — said the ship's captain, Michael Shea, — if it was a fish, it would weigh 1.5 to 2 tons." Passenger Betty Morris agrees with the captain: "We were not drunk to confuse the fish with a monster."
Expert on Shampoo
Recognized expert on the legendary Shampoo is Joseph Zarzuynsky, a history teacher from Saratoga Springs and amateur hunt for sunken ships and their treasures. He was looking for a monster more than 20 years and is the author of "Champ: Beyond the Legend." In 1987-1988, a tireless researcher spotted the monster using sonar and underwater robot. See monster Joseph failed, but in his file cabinet contains more than 300 signals received by sonar, which, in his opinion, to conclude with certainty that the lake is inhabited by a large and strange creature. Some of the signals is quite clear, and it can even make the description of the monster: yascheropodobnoe animal with a long neck, the eyes of the soup bowl, horns on his head and four fins.
To those who believe in the existence of Champeaux, it would be much harder to repel the attacks of the skeptics, if there were no pictures of the famous monster. It has been done in July 1977. Sandra Mensi Connecticut showed her fiance Anthony Lake Champlain in the north-eastern part, being on the Vermont shore. Her two children walked through the shallow water, when something terrible like that, according to Sandra, a dinosaur, surfaced about 50 meters from the shore. Anthony rushed to the kids and pulled them from the water. Sandra did not lose her, grabbed the camera "Kodak" and managed to make a unique picture, before the monster disappeared under the water. She told me that the head and neck dinosaur leaned over the water about 1.8 meters, and the animal was about 5 m in length. The photograph is quite distinguishable head, neck, hump and fin protruding from the surface of water. Mensi keep a picture in my family album, they have not dared to publish it. "We did not want to pass for a couple of crazies" — says Anthony. The photo was published only in 1981.
Joseph Zarzuynsky says he does not believe in the story of 9-12-meter monster. Rather, it is a recognized expert on the Shampoo, it reaches five meters of length, such as the photo Mensi. He believes, like many others, that Champ — is preserved prehistoric animal, more like a plesiosaur, a sea reptile with a snake-like neck and four large fins. Plesiosaurs were carried out in the seas during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods, and died, as suggested by the majority of scientists, 65 million years ago.
Does anyone Zarzuynskomu and hundreds of witnesses who observed the Shampoo? In any case, the Vermont House of Representatives in 1982 passed a resolution that protects Shampa "from any deliberate action resulting in death, injury, or anxiety." A year later, the Senate adopted a similar decree of New York. Lawmakers also encourage reports of the observation of these animals.
Champ — a gold mine for the two U.S. states, because the tourist season at the famous lake from all over the world flock to the many tourists who want to see the famous monster.
Seiches, engender monsters …
Seiche — it's just standing waves produced in a closed water basin. If you sit at one end of a water-filled bath and then suddenly get up, you may see quite a good example of standing waves. Water rushes in abruptly freed your body space, creating answered by a serious wave that can even throw water on the floor. Geological department Middleburskogo college very carefully examined the Lake Champlain and measures the level of its waters, which enabled three researchers, physicist Robert Prigov, geologist Thomas Manley and student Benjamin Connell, make quite an unexpected discovery. They found that the lake seiches occur as deep and near surface. The lake seems quite calm and under its surface can run a wave several meters high. For this phenomenon to several conditions.
During the harsh winter of the lake water is very cold. In the spring it starts to warm up. The top part of the lake is heated by the sun, and the wind stirs the water, the heat is distributed. However, this mixing water impact extends down to a depth of only 20 m from close to the bottom is a layer of very cold water. In the spring the prevailing south wind herding water in the north end of the lake. Although the rise of water in the north is expressed only a few centimeters, and is invisible to the eye, in the sum of a very large volume, and a warm layer of water in the north is much thicker, the pressure on the lower cold layer increases. When the wind dies down, the warm and cold layers of water tend to regain balance. Is something similar to what we get when your sharp rising in the bathtub with water. If the surface standing waves are not very large and subside after 8-12 hours due to air friction, the hidden internal processes in the cold layer can be much larger and take up to 10 days. At this time, the wave rises from the driftwood, drift wood, weeds that pop up along the coast and re-immersed in water. Here you have the perfect explanation for the appearance Shampa and other lake monsters!
Suddenly the noise pop snag covered with algae and then disappears again into the depths, it can be taken as a living being. Here and see the horns, and fins, and snake head on a long neck … Incidentally, Loch Ness in this respect is very similar to Champlain. At one time these lakes were formed by internal salty seas, which were connected to the Atlantic Ocean. Now, skeptics say that both lakes are present seiches, they explained, and then observing how Nessie and Shampoo.
Joe Nickell of the Committee for Scientific Research evidence of the paranormal believe that seiches may be the most plausible explanation for the "existence" Shampoo. What about the hundreds of witnesses? Nickell believes that this kind of "psychological epidemic". People tend to see the monsters, the researchers said, and see them if they are psychologically to this set.
Most observations Shampa to the period from late spring to early fall, which coincides with the tourist season, this time taking place internal seiches. Draw your own conclusions.
Chance for survival
Science helps to expose the legend of Champex, but it may also indicate in his favor. It tells the geologist Thomas Manley, Champlain 12 thousand years ago, a sea of salt water associated with the Atlantic Ocean. When the glacier covering Vermont, began to melt, fresh water to gradually squeeze the salt, while overlaps and out to the ocean. Zarzuynsky and other researchers, who believe in the existence of Shampa, believe that during this period the colony of plesiosaurs could settle in the lake. But here's the lake has become isolated, and the animals had to stay in it. Proof that Champlain was at one time the sea, whale fossils are found in the southern part of the coast of the lake.
Roy Makkel, a representative of the International Society of Cryptozoology, visited the lake in 1981, said the reality of Shampoo, though he doubted that plesiosaur. Rather, scientists believe, lies in the lake ancient animal resembling a snake-like protokita extinct millions of years ago.
To the animal remained in the lake for so long in the lake to be a colony of these creatures. How many "Champy" for this purpose? Scientists believe that at least 50 individuals is necessary to preserve the form for a short period and 500 — for long. One animal may still elude observation, but if in a lake herd of plesiosaurs, over the decades, scientists have found himself much more tangible evidence of their presence.
Joseph Zarzuynsky believes that over the last 10 thousand years there was a small, approximately 30 individuals, a colony of plesiosaurs, which gradually died out. In his view, the lake could have remained a single instance of animal, and Champ, alas, has no nslednikov.
Poor Champ! His health and longevity!
Category: Chupacabra and unknown creatures