News from the seas, the pace of construction of ships for the Russian Navy

I want to talk a little bit about the retooling of the Navy. Because in terms of construction of new ships can compete with us only America, the story will be in the "telegraphic style".

 April 21 launched a third border patrol ship of Project 22460 — "Pearl". The first two ("Ruby" and "Diamond") lowered in 2009 and 2010. Build a second ship of ice-border project 22120. On both projects, in addition to accommodation helicopter include a large ramp in the stern (closed docking camera under a helipad) to release boats.

The program of construction of small artillery ships (IAC) for the project 21630 is changing in the direction of expansion of combat capabilities. Besides the two built and a ship under construction, laid three more on the project 21631, where the capacity for eight anti-ship missiles "Movement" or "Onyx". These ships are designed for operations in the Caspian Sea, but are able to pass through the shallow water.

Besides the four amphibious assault ships of the "Mistral" French project, the stocks of the plant "Amber" is a body BDK "Vice-Admiral Ivan Gren" pr.11711. With this project, all is not smooth. Bookmark the second case has been postponed, as the production of the main power plant for the first ship is delayed. In addition, the client (the Navy) review the terms of reference for it. Passed the information that the plans of the fleet it will be used as the transport of weapons to change the project.

Small landing craft air cavity of the project 21820 "dugong" is built by a series of five ships. Head — "Ataman Platov" — launched in 2009, this year will be released the second — "Denis Davydov." Apart from these, there are eight boats on the air cavity smaller Ave 11770 "chamois" (the latter launched in 2010). Construct a third anti-seal cutter, etc. 21980.

On the Amur shipyard laid next corvette 20380 for the Pacific Fleet — "Loud." This is the second ship of the series, which will be built at the Amur plant, and the seventh, founded in 2001. Two corvettes 20380 are serving in the Baltic, the third will be delivered to the Navy this year. Total 2020 is planned construction of 20 (!) Ships of this series.

Also built ocean-going ships of project 22350 (incorporated three, six planned), and the project 11356R (11357). Construction of the past — a necessary measure, since the industry can not take the fleet of the latest Project 22350 frigates fast enough. In addition, a number of all-new weapons systems has not yet been brought "to the mind." A shipbuilding 11356-year project is well mastered industry (six ships were built for the Indian Navy.) The pace of construction is set high enough: three already laid at the "Yantar" (out of six in the series) will be transferred to the Navy in 2014.

Is open to question the construction of larger ships. It is known that there is a project destroyer 9000-12000 tons deadweight It is also known that he would have an atomic power plant. Last year, Navy Commander said that his mark is possible this year, and the total range can be up to 16 of these destroyers. It is also possible the construction of destroyers with the conventional power plant project 21956. For them MNIIRE "Altair" is developing a new anti-missile long range.

In the meantime, announced the restoration of nuclear cruisers of project 1144. Now in service only cruiser "Peter the Great", the other three are on conservation. In a more or less suitable for the restoration of the condition of the cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov". Actually it and started work. But even if the fleet just filled up this ship — it significantly increase its combat power. On the ship fully upgraded avionics weapons, instead of 20 anti-ship missiles "Granit" will deliver a universal vertical launcher for 80 missiles for various purposes, anti-aircraft missile system S-300F will be replaced by more modern. Probably after the date of the Navy, "Admiral Nakhimov" a similar procedure will be "Peter the Great". As for the other two ships, the feasibility of their recovery likely will depend on the work to "Nakhimov" and the commissioning of new ships of the first rank.

Well cruiser Project 1164 ("Atlanta"), no one is going to write off. In early April, flagship of the Black Sea Fleet missile cruiser "Moskva" finished dock repair.

And, of course, is to walk on the new aircraft carriers, which are still "in the plans" of the fleet. United Shipbuilding Corporation (UAC) calls the project an aircraft carrier "MAK" — Marine aviation complex. Navy leadership has settled on his final appearance, choosing from several conceptual designs. UAC is ready to provide technical documentation for three years after the issuance of the final technical project and begin construction in 2018. However, we know that it will be a displacement of about 60,000 tons (like the "Admiral Kuznetsov") and that the aircraft carrier will be atomic (working for him the power plant "Rhythm-2000" has already been completed). The very same, "Kuznetsov" will be held in the near future upgrades, in which, in particular, the missile system "Granit" will be replaced by something else.

Plant "asterisk" (Severodvinsk) has announced that the repair SSBNs (missile submarine Strategic) Project 667 BDRM "Verhoturie" will be completed in November this year. Repair and the boat "Ekaterinburg" this project (last year there was a fire boat in the floating dock). All boats of this project, or have already been modernized, or pass. This is due to re-equip them for new versions of the ballistic missile R-29RM — P-29RMU2.1 "liner". While the fleet will not be equipped with new submarines, Project 955 "Borey", all boats Project 667 BDRM will remain in service. The construction of the new series of boats increased to ten. Moreover, since the fourth boat ("St. Nicholas"), they will be based on the revised draft 955A — the number of missile silos increased from 16 to 20. Who built two boats of this project.

Also increased to ten units Order multipurpose submarines of Project 885 "Ash". Already the second implicit boat (&q
uot;Kazan"), also based on the improved design 885M (08851) "Ash-M". The first boat of the project — K-329 "Severodvinsk" — was launched in 2010. In addition, the nuclear submarine "Belgorod" (a project with the "Kursk" — 949AM "Antaeus") being completed at the Sevmash shipyard on the "special project". Perhaps for this project will be completed and the "Volgograd", the construction of which has also been frozen after the death of the "Kursk".

Six diesel-electric submarines (SSKs) Project 636.3 (deeply modernized "Varshavyanka") are being built for the Black Sea Fleet, which finally in 2014 will re-creation team (Division) diesel-electric submarines. Updating the submarine forces in the Baltic Sea is open to question. Problems with the lead boat of the latest Project 677 "St. Petersburg" will not be resolved within the framework of the current project. Apparently in the Baltic Sea will be waiting for the next project, already airindependent power plant (VNEU). The fact that the test of a new boat with VNEU created on the basis of Project 677 are possible in 2014, said the commander in chief of the Navy.

 

However, representatives of the CDB ME "Rubin" said the boat export series "Amur-1650" (Project 677E) equipped VNEU already involved in the Indian tender, and the experimental group VNEU already passed bench tests.

Also indicate that a VNEU and representatives SPMBM "Malachite". Their products (small coastal submarine series "M") with models of boats equipped with VNEU often demonstrated at arms fairs. Only in the "Malachite" installation called "electrochemical generators," the boat with them have a code "E". It will be important to say that it is the small boat called fleet management as preferred for the Baltic Sea. Of course, double-hull design for small boats — not the best option. But we know that this series of boats built for foreign customers (we had only two "piranha", derived from the late 90's). On the orders of our fleet is not known.

 

In addition to fighting strength, updated support fleet. Being built for the Navy oceanographic ships. Following the Project 11982 ship "Seliger" (launched in 2011) in 2010 laid a really big oceanographic ship of Project 22010. Its displacement of more than 5000 tons, length of more than a hundred meters. It will carry two deep-water apparatus "Rus" and "Consul" (the latter adopted the fleet in 2011), which replaced the legendary "Worlds" and the capacity to operate at a depth of more than 6 kilometers. "Seliger" also has a hangar for an unnamed deep-sea submersibles, it is intended for deep-sea research and testing of modern technology.

Is open to question the construction of larger ships. It is known that there is a project destroyer 9000-12000 tons deadweight It is also known that he would have an atomic power plant. Last year, Navy Commander said that his mark is possible this year, and the total range can be up to 16 of these destroyers. It is also possible the construction of destroyers with the conventional power plant project 21956. For them MNIIRE "Altair" is developing a new anti-missile long range.

In the meantime, announced the restoration of nuclear cruisers of project 1144. Now in service only cruiser "Peter the Great", the other three are on conservation. In a more or less suitable for the restoration of the condition of the cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov". Actually it and started work. But even if the fleet just filled up this ship — it significantly increase its combat power. On the ship fully upgraded avionics weapons, instead of 20 anti-ship missiles "Granit" will deliver a universal vertical launcher for 80 missiles for various purposes, anti-aircraft missile system S-300F will be replaced by more modern. Probably after the date of the Navy, "Admiral Nakhimov" a similar procedure will be "Peter the Great". As for the other two ships, the feasibility of their recovery likely will depend on the work to "Nakhimov" and the commissioning of new ships of the first rank.

Well cruiser Project 1164 ("Atlanta"), no one is going to write off. In early April, flagship of the Black Sea Fleet missile cruiser "Moskva" finished dock repair.

And, of course, is to walk on the new aircraft carriers, which are still "in the plans" of the fleet. United Shipbuilding Corporation (UAC) calls the project an aircraft carrier "MAK" — Marine aviation complex. Navy leadership has settled on his final appearance, choosing from several conceptual designs. UAC is ready to provide technical documentation for three years after the issuance of the final technical project and begin construction in 2018. However, we know that it will be a displacement of about 60,000 tons (like the "Admiral Kuznetsov") and that the aircraft carrier will be atomic (working for him the power plant "Rhythm-2000" has already been completed). The very same, "Kuznetsov" will be held in the near future upgrades, in which, in particular, the missile system "Granit" will be replaced by something else.

Plant "asterisk" (Severodvinsk) has announced that the repair SSBNs (missile submarine Strategic) Project 667 BDRM "Verhoturie" will be completed in November this year. Repair and the boat "Ekaterinburg" this project (last year there was a fire boat in the floating dock). All boats of this project, or have already been modernized, or pass. This is due to re-equip them for new versions of the ballistic missile R-29RM — P-29RMU2.1 "liner". While the fleet will not be equipped with new submarines, Project 955 "Borey", all boats Project 667 BDRM will remain in service. The construction of the new series of boats increased to ten. Moreover, since the fourth boat ("St. Nicholas"), they will be based on the revised draft 955A — the number of missile silos increased from 16 to 20. Who built two boats of this project.

Also increased to ten units Order multipurpose submarines of Project 885 "Ash". Already the second implicit boat (&q
uot;Kazan"), also based on the improved design 885M (08851) "Ash-M". The first boat of the project — K-329 "Severodvinsk" — was launched in 2010. In addition, the nuclear submarine "Belgorod" (a project with the "Kursk" — 949AM "Antaeus") being completed at the Sevmash shipyard on the "special project". Perhaps for this project will be completed and the "Volgograd", the construction of which has also been frozen after the death of the "Kursk".

Six diesel-electric submarines (SSKs) Project 636.3 (deeply modernized "Varshavyanka") are being built for the Black Sea Fleet, which finally in 2014 will re-creation team (Division) diesel-electric submarines. Updating the submarine forces in the Baltic Sea is open to question. Problems with the lead boat of the latest Project 677 "St. Petersburg" will not be resolved within the framework of the current project. Apparently in the Baltic Sea will be waiting for the next project, already airindependent power plant (VNEU). The fact that the test of a new boat with VNEU created on the basis of Project 677 are possible in 2014, said the commander in chief of the Navy.

 

However, representatives of the CDB ME "Rubin" said the boat export series "Amur-1650" (Project 677E) equipped VNEU already involved in the Indian tender, and the experimental group VNEU already passed bench tests.

Also indicate that a VNEU and representatives SPMBM "Malachite". Their products (small coastal submarine series "M") with models of boats equipped with VNEU often demonstrated at arms fairs. Only in the "Malachite" installation called "electrochemical generators," the boat with them have a code "E". It will be important to say that it is the small boat called fleet management as preferred for the Baltic Sea. Of course, double-hull design for small boats — not the best option. But we know that this series of boats built for foreign customers (we had only two "piranha", derived from the late 90's). On the orders of our fleet is not known.

 

In addition to fighting strength, updated support fleet. Being built for the Navy oceanographic ships. Following the Project 11982 ship "Seliger" (launched in 2011) in 2010 laid a really big oceanographic ship of Project 22010. Its displacement of more than 5000 tons, length of more than a hundred meters. It will carry two deep-water apparatus "Rus" and "Consul" (the latter adopted the fleet in 2011), which replaced the legendary "Worlds" and the capacity to operate at a depth of more than 6 kilometers. "Seliger" also has a hangar for an unnamed deep-sea submersibles, it is intended for deep-sea research and testing of modern technology.

 

Shipyard named after the October Revolution, began construction of a third hydrographic boat pr.19920 previously been built for the Pacific Fleet ship of the project 19910 "Victor falevye" 

20180 for the project in 2010, built a large salvage tug "asterisk". It tests were carried out deep-sea vehicle "Consul" and remotely operated vehicles. The ship is involved with the towing submarine B-90 "Sarov" in the testing of new marine equipment and weapons. "Asterisk" is equipped with two cargo cranes for lowering and lifting to greater depths of large objects, and remote-controlled device "Quantum" to survey the seabed. According to the revised draft 20180TV based Naval Weapons "Akademik Kovalev." It has larger dimensions and a more powerful crane (one). Another planned construction of four "multi-ship logistics and search and rescue support" on the basis of the project 23120. The ships of considerable tonnage (about 9,700 tons), with a long list of equipment will be used for all four fleets.

  • Rescue ship "Star"
  • Rescue ship "Star"

In building a large scout ship of the project 18280 "Vice-Admiral Yuri Ivanov." Surrender in 2013.

 

This year will be launched on the minesweeper on the newest project 12700 "Alexander". Its body is made of reinforced fiberglass is the largest of the manufacturers in the world (!), Such body anywhere except the Mid-Nevsky Shipyard, can not be made. Length of the ship is about 50 meters and a displacement of about 700 tons. It will be equipped with new sonar tools, remote-controlled and autonomous underwater vehicles to locate and destroy sea mines in the coastal and marine zone. In a series of tests, he will go after the mine complex. Count in series is known. On the basis of a uniform fiberglass hull will create a number of ships.

Well, a little of naval aviation. The contract for the 5 new search-and-rescue helicopters Ka-32. Previously signed a contract to build the Navy's needs for the party deck of 20 MiG-29K and four MiG-29KUB. And in Eysk in April brought a springboard for pilots training complex under construction deck aircraft — an analog of the complex "anyone".

To summarize, we can say that the rate of re-equipping the Navy affects capacity constraints, staff shortages scientific and industrial enterprises and considerable service life of the existing ship structure. This makes the need to prioritize the construction of a new fleet, giving preference to the most pressing problems. However, our fleet will remain the ocean and one of the most powerful and modern. The challenges facing the Navy in this century are beginning to be addressed with the most important: after a long break renew continuously alert strategic submarines in the world's oceans. Other problems can be solved gradually. But the efforts of the state and the amount of work on the modernization of the fleet, leave no doubt in their decision.   

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