Konstantin Rokossovskii — A famous figure. In his biography a lot of mysteries, and the fate filled with sharp turns. Biography majestic Russian leader corrected, because his real origin is not consistent with the highest position and so popular. His real name Kazimir (presumably) Ksaverevich Rokossovskii and ancestral roots go back to the history of the nobility. His father, Josef Xavier at the outbreak born son was in Warsaw and worked as an auditor Warsaw steel road Antonida Ovsyannikova mother was a teacher. Later in the biography of his own birthplace Rokossovskii indicate Pskov province, but his true home was still Poland.
Birthplace of Marshal December 21, 1896, one day with Stalin, although for many years later. Soon the steel road-Xavier Jozef Rokossovskii got into a tragedy and tortured after he died of the disease in 1902. Offspring was only 6 years old. My mother left this world in 1911th. Before the death of the boy's father was in the paid school, but after working as an assistant pastry chef. Trying to earn money for the family, Rokossovskii time to get acquainted with the craft of stone dresser took up all manner of work, but the time to educate themselves and read a lot. By the age of 18 was admitted to the ranks of the Russian Army, which took part in the First World War. Here he showed himself a brave Connick and soon earned the title of junior non-commissioned officer. The service in the regiment Kargopolsky lasted until October 1917. He had a great sword, and for successful intelligence operation has received the George Cross 4 degrees. Later in life Rokossovskogo had a lot of awards.
After the revolution Rokossovskii joined the ranks of the Red Army, which fought with the forces of Kolchak, and then collided with the forces of Baron Ungern and gangs Semenov. For his role in military operations and valor young officer was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. Since 1919, Rokossovsky joins the party, but the ladder is moving quite slowly, because its origin is at this step was not lurking. In April 1923, he married Julia Barmina, and soon the couple had a daughter with a marvelous naming Ariadne. During this period, Konstantin graduated Cavalry courses for officers and the subsequent year left military instructor in Mongolia. In 1929, he had to fight in the East China steel road.
In August 1937, a tip-off on the wrong Rokossovskogo arrested. He was held in the dungeons of the NKVD until the end of March 1940. The charge was appropriate for the bloody purges of the late '30s, he was suspected of having links with the Polish intelligence. In the dungeons of Konstantin Konstantinovich tortured. In his memoirs, there is virtually no descriptions of this shameful episode in the history of Russian power. The warlord did not in the habit of talking about the difficulties of life and all its twists and turns perceived bravely and courageously. But the fragmentary stories of wife, daughters and other persons at a time Rokossovskii lost his front teeth, a couple of times a wrong suffered death and other izymatelstvam. Mind-boggling strength of will and courage have allowed the future marshal not only to survive, and to survive in a mental battle with prosecutors. He did not sign the discrediting of his papers, not mention his friends and acquaintances. As a result, Rokossovsky had to let go, because in the absence of any tangible evidence for it stood highest military commanders. A huge role in the release of "Crosses" Konstantin Konstantinovich played his last commander Tymoshenko. Later, Stalin twice apologized for the incident before the marshal. In honor has passed this difficult period and the family Rokossovskogo, and in March they were reunited again.
But the shadow of the NKVD torture chamber for a long time pursued the leader. According to the stories of loved ones, even he could only sleep with a personal weapon. First, it is stately Russian awards were only evidence of the colossal damage that caused the command of the armed forces of repression. He was named as commander of the "P" because the success Rokossovskogo just rehabilitated, within the context of the failure of the Russian army threw could discredit the activities of the party. In July 1941, the most difficult period Rokossovsky was the fourth Red Banner Order. His strategy differed sharply from the rules of warfare, hardened by centuries. But this feature is not completely read about the illiteracy of the young commander. Top Russian majestically he was one of the most experienced military leaders. Rokossovsky had valuable military leadership quality — the instinct, in other words, he could not predict the subsequent acts of the enemy. The success is also explained his constant presence on the front line. The commander did not miss the ability to go down into the trenches and on the spot assessment of the situation, he said, because some connection established between the commanders and forces.
In 1941, under his command entered the 9th Mechanized Corps. Rokossovskii is exhausting battles with fascists. His strategy of mobile defense gave excellent results, troops had to retreat only by order. In the middle of June 1941, he was appointed commander of the 4th Army on the Western Front. But due to the deterioration of the situation at the front he was assigned to the operational management team to restore the situation in the Smolensk region. Rokossovsky had to stop and to subordinate themselves to the broken remains of the 19th, 20th and 16th armies. Powers entrusted to him were in a terrible state, instead of the collected parts they represented a paltry smashed remains of the retreating groups. The soldiers were demoralized. Rokossovsky was able to organize people to gather equipment and plan actions. As a result, Yartsevskaya group headed by Konstantin Konstantinovich which reflects the ongoing attacks.
Name of professional leader becomes clear not only in the middle Russian, it is already well known and fascists. During the defense of the capital Rokossovsky, commanding the 16th Army, the Germans brilliantly off the attack and goes into the quick counter-attack. As a result, the enemy is thrown to a distance of 100, and at some stations and 250 km from the starting point. The Battle of Moscow made Konstantin Konstantinovich noble commander, with his views was considered even the Supreme Commander. In addition, Rokossovsky was awarded the Order of Lenin, and a mention in the newspapers for the first time highlighted its name, instead of an accident, "the commander of P". It should also be mentioned that during this period he met Galina Talanov commander. The love story scorched contractions commander and a young girl, just graduated from the institute, more like a romantic legend, as is often questioned. Galina gave birth to a daughter Rokossovsky, which he admitted, and after the war she married another man.
In March 1942, the military commander nearly died from shrapnel languid, damage the liver and lung. The operation was carried his love Talanov and girl managed to keep him alive. In July of the same year, Konstantin Konstantinovich appointed commander of the Bryansk Front. While in the House he was obliged to get acquainted with the papers and take the case. Competent and decisive action plan Rokossovskii tears German command, aimed at expanding the band to the front Yelets. He was entrusted with the command of the final battle with the army of Paulus. January 31, 1943 Paulus and 24 General German army were captured. Captured were about 90,000 fighter and above 2,500 officers. For the brilliant performance of the intended target Rokossovsky awarded the Order of Suvorov.
In February 1943, Konstantin, appointed commander of the Central Front, was one of the main organizers of defense and counter-attack on the Kursk Bulge. Anticipating an attack vector Germans, he concentrated more than half of all infantry and vehicles in this place. As a result, the defense was so strong that some forces were focused on the support of the southern flank. It is curious that the artillery counter-preparation plan Rokossovskogo was held just 3 hours prior to the coming of the enemy. The victory at Kursk did Konstantin Konstantinovich, Colonel General, and after 3 months, he became a general in the army.
But the real leadership talent Gen. opened during the operation "Bagration". The meeting Konstantin defended his world about the need to put more than one major blow to the forces of the enemy, and two equal power, but from the flanks. Preparing project together with Zhukov and Vasilevsky, and open a discussion in the office of Stalin himself. Such a move blocked the sample enemy maneuver and make use of reserves. June 22, 1944 the operation began. Already in the first day Russian troops broke through the defense of the Germans. Plan Rokossovskogo was excellent. Naikrupneyshaya German Army Group under the title of "Center" has received a crushing blow. Accommodation and honor Joseph Stalin to talents Rokossovskogo resulted in conferring the title of Marshal, Star of the Hero of the USSR, and the attachment of the glorious nickname "our Bagration."
Yet, at the end of the war Stalin different permutations begin to make a community of mutual distrust of the military command. Fear of Joseph Stalin fully understood. Before the war, the immutable authority took only himself, but in the end the military elite resounding victories gained significant weight and seemed cohesive. A native of Warsaw, and was not allowed to release it. On the personal order of Stalin sent Rokossovskii command Second Belorussian Front, and the honor of the victorious entry into Berlin gets Zhukov. But Stalin did not want to elevate the 1st through the denigration of another, and June 24, 1945 Rokossovsky commanded the parade in Moscow. Relations between the generals soon became very cold.
Prior to 1949, Konstantin is the commander of the northern group of Russian troops. In 1949, on the orders and the personal request of Joseph Stalin sent to their homeland to Poland to make the country's powerful army. Stalin beheld only socialist Poland, because the presence of the noble and powerful military figures in Warsaw was necessary. Again, the order was executed brilliantly. In the words of Marshall, formerly Poland had similar military. The mission of the Russian soul, but a Pole by birth Rokossovskogo ended after Khrushchev's speech. In 1956, it withdrew from Warsaw to Moscow.
Hard and generous disposition Rokossovskogo not permitted him to participate in the defamation of Stalin as political executions over Zhukov and other leaders of the Stalinist period. Soon objectionable newest elite marshal was removed from his important positions and right up to 1968 led a group of inspectors general in the Ministry of Defense of the USSR.
Marshal Rokossovsky died on 3 August 1968 and was buried near the Kremlin wall. Rokossovskii never left the service, giving her more than 50 years of life.