This year marks 60 years since the day or the construction of the first nuclear submarine USS Nautilus. Built in 1955, Nautilus lasted until 1980, when it became a museum piece. Since the days of the Nautilus was built over 400 nuclear submarines, most of them (254) were Russian (Russian). According to Russia's own traditions were chasing the numbers, but not quality. As a result of which about 80 per cent of those Russian submarines have been written off. Russian submarines are not only rapidly become useless, and unable to go to sea as well often as their Western counterparts. When they go to sea, their case more problems with radiation and reliability of reactors.
So Makarov, Russian submarines patrolling the peak was the 1984th year, then it was done 230 campaigns. Number of trips rapidly decreasing, while in 2002, the year was not committed any of the 1st patrol. Since the late 1990s, Russian fleet took a lot of effort into trying to change this situation. But the financing of the fleet, despite the increase nedavneshnee is missing for the construction of new ships, designed to change the current ramshackle fleet since the cool of the war. The rapid decline of the nuclear submarine fleet of the Russian Federation led to the need for international assistance for non-hazardous decommissioning over hundreds of old, worn out, broken or destroyed Nuclear Submarine boats. This work has been going on for almost 10 years and was caused by a Russian threat simply sink their little old nuclear submarines in the waters of the Arctic Ocean. Such a way of working with ordinary ships, but got an international uproar about what will happen with all those nuclear reactors, resting on the days of the ocean. RF generously offered to accept help in funding programs from dismantling of nuclear submarines, including non-hazardous disposal of nuclear reactors.
In contrast to the Western nuclear submarines capable remain in service for about 30 years, Russian submarines are rarely more than 20 years. This means that to maintain a submarine fleet of forty submarines, Russia every year to be commissioned by the two new submarines. Is that the construction of new nuclear submarine will be highlighted many billions of dollars a year, which is not observed. At the current time, the value is given to the production of a new class of submarines (scheduled 11 Borey class nuclear submarines). These boats are crucial, since they carry ballistic missiles, submarine-launched, providing critical (they are much harder to kill a first strike than land missiles) element of nuclear deterrence. The rest of the Armed Forces, as well as most of its navy, is in sad condition and able to withstand a large invasion. Only intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine-launched ballistic missiles provide security. So Makar, if things go as at the moment, then after one or two decades, our homeland, in turn, will own force, consisting of the 10-ka drums of nuclear submarines and dozens of nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles.
In the true time Russian nuclear submarine fleet is tiny and most of the time is at berth. Crews are trained at the quays and out to sea only a couple of times a year to check the status of their own training. Taking into account the number of accidents that have occurred on submarines in the last decade, develops recollection that the training of crews in the true time is insufficient.
Only the United States and Great Britain succeeded in building nuclear-powered submarines capable of often go to sea and stay there for a long period of time. French submarines were almost as reliable, well, a Chinese nuclear submarines so far inferior properties than the Russian construction of thirty years ago. India is also on the way of creation of own half of the first generation of nuclear submarines, and she is also faced with numerous difficulties.
While nuclear submarines are an instrument of intimidation, over sixty years of its existence it only at one point, took part in sea battles. It came out in 1982, the year when the British nuclear submarine collision boat sank the Argentine cruiser (since the second world war the last USS Phoenix). Nuclear submarines have been even more active in intelligence activities. Although this activity is not as impressive as the destruction of other ships, it is still terrible, necessary and appreciation of the work. Much of this activity since the war cool as ever classified.