The federal target program "Protection of Lake Baikal and the socio-economic development of the Baikal natural territory", adopted in 2012, will address 80% of all environmental problems of the region, said Natural Resources Minister Sergei Donskoi.
"We believe that at last succeeded in the past 20 years, develop a program that will not solve the maximum, of course, problems, but 80 percent of the problems that emerged in the Baikal area," — said Don at a press conference on Monday.
Among these problems, he said, you can highlight the problem of waste treatment facilities, and construction of the necessary infrastructure.
"All of this will be financed through this federal program," — said the Minister.
Natural Resources Minister said earlier that the total federal program funding for Baikal eight years is 58 billion rubles. 43% of this money will go to measures to reduce the level of contamination by various wastes, 20% — to reduce the discharge of pollutants. That is actually more than half of the funds will be spent to protect Lake Baykalot anthropogenic impacts from discharges and emissions.
Don specified that 83% of this money will be allocated from the federal budget, 14% — from the budgets of the regions, and the remaining 3% — from extra-budgetary sources. The contribution of the companies located in the immediate vicinity of the lake, at 2.4%.
Lake Baikal — the deepest lake in the world. Its average depth is about 730 meters, the maximum depth of the famous lake — 1637 meters. Every year from the lake by Angara 60 cubic kilometers of pure, biologically active water. The lake has 58 species of fish, of which the most famous are the cisco, whitefish, grayling, trout, sturgeon, golomyanka flax. Lake Baikal contains about one fifth of the world's surface waters of the Earth (excluding the ice of Antarctica, Greenland and other glaciers), and more than four fifths of fresh water reserves in Russia. In 1996, the Baikal was included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO.