January 10 in combat strength of Russian Northern Fleet nuclear submarine officially joined boat-missile last generation, curb ballistic missile "Bulava".
This first class submarine "Northwind", which received the title of "Yuri Dolgoruky", built on a shipbuilding company "Sevmash" from 1996 to 2008 year. At first missile submarine want to equip more large missiles "Bark". But the problems with the development of this missile forced the Russian government to abandon it and give preference to a much smaller rocket with the title "Mace". As a result, Russian shipbuilders need to redesign the whole project class submarines "Northwind", that place where the new missiles, and had to do this before as "Mace" moved from the drawing board to the production company.
Russian military to wish that the combination of Borey-Bulava sea became the basis of Russian nuclear triad at least to the 2040s. The costs of research, design and development work on the creation of this new combination of boats and missiles have become, perhaps, the greatest of Russian military budget in the near future. It is estimated that at some time of construction of the Borey-Bulava "eat" more than a third Russian defense budget. The government has allocated 132 billion dollars to build in 2020 a huge number of new submarines and other warships.
Big spending they say about the importance of systems Borey-Bulava for Russian political control. Speaking at the commissioning ceremony, "Yury Dolgoruky" in the fleet, President Vladimir Putin brag, "" Yury Dolgoruky "- the latest generation of nuclear-powered submarine. Boats such class will be an important element of the naval component of the Russian strategic forces, the guarantor of the global balance, security, Russian Federation and its allies. "
In-class submarines "Northwind" in the carriage 130. They are equipped with modern sonar and navigation equipment, advanced communications systems and fire control, and have the properties of invisibility fourth generation. The length of each boat is 185 feet long, 15 feet depth of 500 feet (sic — approx. Trans.) And submerged speed of 29 knots.
The first three class submarines "Northwind" will be held on its own board to 16 missiles "Mace" R-30 and six cruise missiles. Second submarine of this class "Alexander Nevsky" at the present time undergoing sea tests in the sea, and the third, won the title of "Vladimir Monomakh", at the end of last year was removed from the shop to walk down to the water.
Subsequent class boat "Borey" 20 will, rather than 16 rockets "mace". First submarine of this class improved "Borey-A" "Prince Vladimir" was laid in July 2012. Construction of the fifth boat of the series "Alexander Suvorov" will begin in July 2013, and the sixth, named "Mikhail Kutuzov", will lay before the end of this year. Russian Navy wants 2020 to get two more missile submarine class "Borey-A." In the totality of classes on eight submarines "Northwind" and "Borey-A" will be 148 missiles "Mace".
"Mace" — is one of the few large Russian missile systems developed after the collapse of the Union of Russian. MIRV missiles can carry 10 warheads personal guidance with nuclear warheads, the power of each is 100-150 kilotons. The greatest radius acts missiles — 8000 km. On paper, the "Bulava" has a modern system to overcome missile defenses and superior maneuverability, has a powerful engine is solid, small size, light weight, higher speed and other properties that turn it into a means of containment that is better than all other systems of the Russian arsenal of ballistic missiles, sea-based .
But "Mace" in the process of testing indicates a more or less successful in the last years, and this has allowed Russian leaders with a sufficient modicum of conviction to start installing it. First rocket planned to adopt in 2006, but the terrible characteristics of the "Bulava" in the process of testing have led to the fact that it is up to December 2011 remained on paper. And only two successfully conducted formally completed its startup program from the tests. And almost half of the previous test launches of missiles passed without success, and the trouble was sometimes overwhelming. Invariable delay harmed the reputation of Russian defense industry at the very moment when the authorities again began to talk about the Russian Federation as of majestic power.
Tasks "Bulava" are the result of 2-reasons. The first is that the Russian government decided to transfer the contract is not the same design organization, and later followed her the wrong advice. The second is the continuing weaknesses Russian military-industrial complex, in particular the difficulties of production, properties and control systems integration. Namely, the inability to perfectly coordinate the activities of the 10-s of independent subcontractors involved in the program, was the fundamental prerequisite failures "Bulava".
But the Russian government has decided that the missile to bring to an end, as it were designed for a class submarines "Northwind", and this is the only brand new strategic submarine whose construction is carried out in Russia.
Russian Navy was looking forward to these submarines as part of the means at its nuclear missile every one Russian built, and they were made before 1990. These submarines are equipped with a new ballistic missile and other components, but their technical and operational resource has long been depleted. As a result, it appears that only a few of Russian nuclear submarines are in constant readiness, and other vessels undergoing renovation, modernization or used for training crews.
In February last year, Chief Russian Navy Admiral Vladimir Vysotsky announced that the Russian nuclear missile submarines will resume regular trips to patrol and containment when the "Yury Dolgoruky" will join the fleet. Such a change in plans for the deployment means that at least one Russian strategic submarine boat will always be in the sea. In the past decade, the country's submarine fleet patrolling produced only at times, and breaks between the campaigns were long. If during the cool Russian Navy War produced several hundred military campaigns in year, that in the past year, the Russian navy managed to spend only 5 of these outputs.
Although Russian designers have, in the end, a combination of work force Borey-Mace, this success would be possible exception to the rule. Russian government has allocated more funds for this important project, and can not solve such efforts in the creation of all other weapons systems. For example, the Russian had to manage more than one occasion to announce delays to the construction of new aircraft carriers. Russian defense companies, will not restore until one hundred percent from the painful collapse of Russian military-industrial complex, to this day can not just create so complex weapons systems.
That priority that the Russian leaders are paying class submarines "Northwind" and missile "Bulava", says about their determination to maintain the status of the Russian Federation for majestic power with the capacity to deter a nuclear missile
attack by the U.S.. Although such an attack will never happen, and in any case, the revival of Russian strategic nuclear deterrence can have a positive impact on business between the two countries-name in a low intensity Russian indignation about the U.S. missile defense and eliminating other sources of tension in relations between Russia and America.