Residents and local businesses in Guangzhou, capital of Guangdong Province, China, decided to test a pilot project to reduce the amount of municipal waste. Now, if a resident throws out more garbage than it is established, it will be forced to pay a special penalty. Conversely, the less trash on the individual or the family goes to a landfill, the less it pays the city for the disposal of waste.
At the moment, live in Guangzhou 16 million, and he copes with only 12 tons of garbage a day. We are planning to increase this figure to 15 million, which should contribute to the new program. For failing to sort garbage before rearrange it in the trash, the citizens have to pay about $ 8 (50yuaney), the penalty for the companies will be 500 yuan for each cubic meter of waste. For comparison, at the moment the service of garbage collection, each family pays 15 yuan a month.
From September to November, while the program is being tested, the fines will not be charged, the authorities first try out the educational and explanatory approach. In addition, each family will be allocated 60 special containers for collection for the month (30 for kitchen waste and 30 for other types of wastes). Additional capacity will have to buy. Rubbish in bins near the houses will be made only in such special packages. For failure to do so as a penalty.
In order to sort waste from the provincial budget has already allocated 400 million yuan. An active advocacy. Despite the positive effects on the environment, many experts fear that the abundance of fines may cause further division of the population by income.
If the project is approved by the provincial government of Ganzhou and Zheytszyan fines for litter of 50 yuan will be here, although the mechanism of penalties is still far from perfect. Too many Chinese people of various levels of education do not know how to sort garbage, or do not have a clue why we need sorting. Some experts suggest to follow the example of Taiwan, where 50% of people involved in sorting voluntarily.
So you should start with the educational programs for the public masses, and this involved a pilot version. Despite the fact that now only 60% of Guangzhou agree to use his proposed package, program managers are confident in its future success.