After celebrating New Year's comments appeared in blogs — a year that came thirteenth … So what?
In the culture of many peoples number 13 has long been associated with something unfortunate. In the UK, Canada and Australia do not find homes in that number. In aircraft German airlines missing thirteenth row. In the U.S., on the streets without seeing thirteenth buses, not to live on the thirteenth floor, but not to stay in hotels in the thirteenth room. What did not come up with people to get around that number. For example, in some of the buildings on the plate with the number you can find the notation "12-A", "B-12" or "12 +1". In psychiatry, for those who fear the painful experiences that number, even introduced a special term — triskaidekafobiya. Whence fears grow of 13, and whether something real for them?
What is the number of guilty — "baker's dozen"? The fear of it is sometimes associated with the Gospel Last Supper, which had gathered together with Jesus, as we know, 13 people, one of whom was Judas. In John's Gospel we read that Jesus, turning to his disciples, says: "It is not chosen you twelve, I? But one of you is a devil. " Incidentally, in the 13th chapter of John, and tells of the betrayal of Judas. And in the 13th chapter of the last book of the New Testament — Revelation — describes the frightening number of the beast 666.
People from time immemorial have come to believe that gather around the table 13 guests — a bad omen. Especially prevalent is the superstition of the Great Plague in the XVII century. Then no doubt that he who gathers at the table "baker's dozen" grave risk, because one of the guests is not long to live. Actually, then because of the pandemic deadly risk everything, and how many people may gather, the likelihood that someone will soon depart to the other world, was great. But the fear was intense and thirteen reached the highest peak in the middle of XIX century. People are so afraid and believe in bad luck to even come up with a trade fourteenth guest. In France, he was invited to avoid the unfortunate number of guests at the table. And so far in Chicago hotel "Statler", if it really happens, what's for dinner at the table is going to 13 people, officials prudently put extra chair on which seat fourteenth companions — dressed in coat the dummy. His service on a par with all the guests and jokingly referred to as Louis XIV.
So how is there no mention of Friday the 13th. To refer to the fear of that day psychiatrists also invented a special term — paraskavidekatriafobiya (fear of Friday the 13th). To the birth of this superstition, had a hand in the XIV century, members of the Knights Templar. October 13, 1307 by order of King Philip IV was convicted of the arrest, including senior management of the order. Its members were accused of heresy and blasphemy, many of them were subjected to torture and execution. The last great master — Jacques de Molay — cursed this fateful day for the Order. Since then, the followers of the Templars celebrate Friday the 13th of October as an unfortunate and tragic date. Automatically extended to all the superstition of Friday, the 13th.
Fear of the number 13 — this is pure superstition. And it is from the point of view of the Church is always based on the fears and prejudices. "We must remember that we are the blacksmiths of his happiness or unhappiness — we were given free will. And no numbers or marks may not deprive the person of its manifestations, but if he does, of course, do not put anything up, "- says Fr Paul Ostrovsky, rector Krasnogorsk Assumption Church.
Any psychologist will say superstitions are used by many as a tool to control my life. "This is a special method of flirting with fears, their so-called compensation. Coming into contact with some terrible energy, so people are trying to hold it back. Of course, there's nothing we can control, but such an interaction with the evil fate — is a kind of auto-training, which should reassure us, laugh or cheer "- says psychologist Irina Jakovich. Man can not live in the unknown, systematized world, links and search patterns is the nature. People need to believe in something, something to fear, something to avoid. "We need to know the danger zones, which are best to get round — continues psychologist — so the human brain is eager to discover these areas. Finding them, we understand that managing to cope with the rock — we tamed, to rise above it. " Not all do it, someone fears can actually bring to the disease. "Obsessive fears, which include the phobia of the number 13 — says MD Head of emergency psychiatry and emergency assistance of the State Research Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry Serbsky Anna Portnov — characteristic of people a certain kind of personality — anxious hypochondria. A person with a high level of anxiety constantly waiting for some kind of danger. Therefore, it will automatically search the reality surrounding him some signs that can confirm his fears, and to testify about the threat. Against the background of anxiety disorders and phobias arise — a man is social exclusion, changing his usual way of life. Like all phobias, the fear of the number 13 requires treatment, primarily aimed at reducing the level of anxiety. "
In order not to fall under the adverse effects of 13 and rise above the prejudices of 13 Americans in the XIX century in New York, founded the club "13." The aim was to ridicule the superstition and subservience to the unfortunate number. The ceremonial opening of the club took place on Friday the 13th in room number 13, and a lifetime membership in the club was worth $ 13. Among other things, at its meetings the club deliberately smashed mirrors and sprinkled salt. They say the idea came to taste President Theodore Roosevelt, and he joined the "13." These meetings have become popular around the world, organized by child clubs in many cities. Club members say: nothing terrible has happened to them, and the number 13 — the number of the most beautiful in the world. And they are also right on the full basis may classify themselves triskaidekafilam — people, revered number 13 as the most happy and successful. And there are people who think that it brings them good luck, — weight. At the exam they wait 13th ticket, put the casino at 13 and so on.
The founder of the Museum of Russian superstitions Mikhail Semenov and do believe that the Russians had nothing to fear of the number 13, as fears related to this number, have little to do with our culture, and are not peculiar to our mentality, "Superstitions — is first and foremost a serious cultural and folk history formation. Everything connected to the numbering comes from the Western culture. If someone is afraid of the Russians of this number, it only shows that we are very easy to take over all coming from abroad. "
There is another opinion: the basis of mistrust among the 13 is a mathematical justification. Indeed, twelve represents the harmony and completeness. In the 12 months to 12 characters zodiacal circle, night and day, lasting for 12 hours. Number 13, followed by 12, gives harmony and order, expressing the transformation and rebirth. And that, in fact, think about this numerology? "13 — this is the beginning of a new cycle, and the new is always fraught with uncertainty, and therefore seems dangerous — says numerologist Alice Moskvina. — Superstition and fear of the number 13 due to the fact that the person can live by inertia, guided by old principles, which do not always apply to the new situation. " In terms of numerology, the number 13 symbolizes not only the beginning of a new cycle and a break with the past, but also the destruction of illusions, look truth in the eye. In itself it is neither happy nor unhappy.
Coming in 2013 is also not to be afraid. "This year is not fatal and does not promise terrible disasters — says Alice Moskvina. — This year, the path selection for the next six years. Many will be faced with a stark choice on a "no middle ground." Have to show the will and take any decision. Case in 2013 will form the basis for the creation of new universal concepts, projects and theories. Rather, future historians will call the 2013th milestone separating one period of human history from the other. " And as the story moves along a spiral, a look at the last round — in 1913 — only confirms this.
Prejudices are strong because they leave their mark on the way we think and reflect on expectations. "With our negative thoughts, many people are capable of incurring the trouble, — said Alice Moskvina — and the number 13 has nothing to do with it." In Asia, for example, it is common tetrafobiya — fear of the number 4. And then there is oktofoby — for them a terrible figure 8. So lucky number 13 or not, everyone decides for himself. In Gorky's play "The Lower Depths" at this point there is a remarkable phrase: "In what you believe, it is."
Category: The prophecies and predictions, visions and hypotheses