The number of victims of mites in Petersburg exceeds 14 thousand people

The number of victims of tick bites in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region in 2012, is projected to exceed 14,000 people and will reach three-year high, told reporters the chief specialist of the surveillance Rospotrebnadzor in St. Petersburg Svetlana Bogachkin.

"We think that the tick season will be quite high — about 14 000 victims. In 2011, there were 56 cases of tick-borne encephalitis, nine of them children, it's more than last year. Patients borne borreliosis in the last year registered 404 people, including 60 children under 14. This is more than last year, at 31%, "- Bogachkin told a news conference in St. Petersburg's media center RIA Novosti.

Periodic activity

According to her, in St. Petersburg lift the tick celebrated every three years, in the Leningrad region — every four. This is due, above all, a three-year cycle of life and the development of mites. Since the last peak of activity was in 2009, there is every reason to expect the next rise, said Bogachkin. The greatest activity of these parasites is in May and then in August. Hot summer has a negative effect on the mites and sharply reduces their activity, but the air temperature at 16-19 degrees is optimal.

"Epidsezon encephalitis (in 2012), began on 14 April, when it was first known victim of the bite of Ixodes ticks in the Luga district of Leningrad region. In 2011, the season began on April 4 and lasted much longer than usual, ending November 14," — said Bogachkin .

Today in St. Petersburg, according to Rospotrebnadzor, registered 366 victims of bites of ticks, including 49 children under the age of 17. In the city, 29 people injured. In 2011, the medical institutions of the city turned 14.052 thousand people, including nearly 2.2 thousand children. This is higher than in 2010, by 20%.

"While we expect the 2011 season a calm, planned, that will hit somewhere around 10-11 thousand. This year, according to our entomologists who study the number of ticks, gone for the winter, and their number prokormiteley (small animals) Activity should be kept low. But given the situation today in Russia, and the fact that in St. Petersburg for 30% of the victims more than last year, waiting for an increase ", — explained Bogachkin.

How to protect yourself from ticks

Number registered in Federal Service and those who suffered from tick bites today, several different, added head outpatient department of Clinical Infectious Diseases Hospital. SP Botkin Galina Melnikova. Diagnosed cases of tick-borne encephalitis and borreliosis this year has not been, but the Botkin Hospital since the beginning of the season has already enlisted the help of 434 victims. In 2011, there were 4.3 help thousands of people.

"We accept everyone, regardless of place of residence. But since 2010 the rules changed to help — now people can apply to the health center in their area. Ticks all remote ship for examination and medication assistance an address — it caused only by who had an infected tick, "- said Melnikov.

Important role in the provision of preventive care against the virus encephalitis is the time, recalled Melnikov. To see a doctor, not later than 96 hours after the tick bite.

Almost all removed ticks studied in the past year has been studied little more than 11 thousand individuals, of which 1.2% (136 ticks) were infected with tick-borne encephalitis, and 24.2% — Borrelia Bogachkin added. The incidence of Lyme disease in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region Russian parameters over the past several years, she said.

Acaricidal treatment this year be held in an area of 353 hectares (Southern Cemetery in the Moscow region, the Pushkin area and the children's country institutions). All six districts in St. Petersburg, where there is a risk of being bitten? this resort, Seaside, Pushkin, Krasnosel'skii, Petrodvorets and Kolpinsky.

"With the vaccine we have, of course, this is not very good. Vaccinated annually about 27 thousand people, and for the health rules, about 95% of the population living in endemic areas for mites, should be vaccinated. Approximately 5,000 children receive vaccinations against tick encephalitis. Vaccines enough for all, two types of domestic vaccine do for free, and the German and Austrian vaccine available at toll centers, "- said Bogachkin.

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