In the South China Sea tension grows — Paracel Islands and Spratly archipelago again become a prerequisite of contention between several states. Vietnam protests against the one-sided action China in the disputed territories. The Philippine government has accused China of undermining peace and stability in the region, also in violation of the Philippine area of the country. U.S. promises Manila to provide urgent military assistance.
Aggravation between Vietnam and China began with the fact that Chinese border guards prevented the work of Vietnamese boat, which carried out exploration work on the days of the South China Sea, about 120 km from the coast of Vietnam.
Vietnamese authorities have protested and claimed that "China abstained from shares that cast swing the sovereign rights of Vietnam in its exclusive economic zone and territorial waters." According to the same Beijing, it was the opposite: the Vietnamese boat intruded into Chinese territorial waters. A Chinese Foreign Ministry, Jiang Yu said that "the Vietnamese side led oil and gas operations in the marine waters over which China has jurisdiction that has harmed Chinese interests and rights of yurispundentsiyu in the South China Sea and is contrary reached between countries with 2 agreements on the South China Sea. " Beijing on this issue also protested.
In Hanoi, said that they wanted to protect its territorial waters by conventional submarine built in Russia — a contract for the supply of 6 submarines was signed in 2009. Vietnamese ordered NNS like "Varshavyanka", the amount of the contract is $ 2 billion. bucks. First submarine to go to the customer from the "Admiralty Shipyards" in 2013. Vietnamese Defense Minister Phung Quang Thanh said: "We will never encroach on the sovereignty of other states. But we have to stop at least some who try to encroach on the sovereignty of Vietnam ".
In addition, Vietnam spent his military exercises in the East (South China) Sea near the 200-mile zone, which caused irritation in Beijing. The National Assembly of Vietnam has approved a plan to mobilize in case of war with China. In China, led his forces in this area on alert and issued a report in which they say that war between China and Vietnam will not, but the "aboriginal territory" yet would continue to be for the PRC. In Hanoi, held violent demonstrations outside the Chinese embassy.
Ally Vietnam diplomatically battles and naval clashes with China became the Philippines. Lures recalled that in March this year, the Chinese navy ship edged out of the disputed area Philippine boat that led the exploration of oil and gas fields. Beijing to protest Manila did not respond.
Hanoi lures and insist on the convening of an international conference on this dilemma, Beijing opposed the idea. The Chinese believe that you can solve the problem of a bilateral "friendly consultations." The Philippine government wants to control more than 25% of the Spratly archipelago and names the South China Sea is not on the other as the "West Philippine". In Vietnam, it is called the "East".
June 16 Filipinos have removed foreign markers in disputed areas of the border — is a common thing in those places, the border guards of different countries put their own signs and destroy others. Involved in this action is not only the Chinese, Filipinos and Vietnamese, and representatives of other states applying for these areas — Taiwan, Malaysia and Brunei. June 17 President Philippines Ninoy Aquino made a public statement and claimed by China to end its incursions into the area of the country.
In Manila, understand that they alone can not withstand the power of China, as asked for help from the U.S.: "China is behaving like a bully, trying to establish dominance over marine resources that are located within the area Philippines. " During a meeting with the municipal secretary Hillary Clinton FM Philippines Del Rosario said that country ready to defend himself, but for that it "necessary resources" that should provide the United States. Washington considers the region a zone of its strategic interests.
According to Clinton, Washington has nedavneshnimi incident and is ready to provide the Armed Forces of the Philippines, "the necessary arms." Besides military assistance to Manila comes to the U.S. commitment, so, in a bilateral agreement in 1951 on the mutual defense of the United States and the Philippines have to defend each other. Even in this case, if anger is not specifically affected their views. USA and so assist the Philippine Army: South American instructors prepare power unit; Washington sends various weapons, including boats for the Navy.
Lures are not left out of the arms race, which lead the Asia-Pacific region, and increasing defense spending, so this year for the development of the Navy have been allocated 252 million dollars. But the modernization of the Philippines Armed Forces limited financial capabilities of the country, they are small. A lure wish to rent in the United States is "sufficiently advanced weapons."
Manila concern is understandable, the military forces China and the Philippines, particularly in the Air Force and Navy are not comparable, in the event of war Philippines doomed. And China is not going to give in areas where the value is not in the ground, which is practically not (so that the total area of the Spratly Islands is less than 5 km ²), and in sheltered offshore hydrocarbons's Stores in biological resources and their fundamental strategic position. In Beijing, believe that "the Spratly archipelago is an integral part of Chinese territory." Previously, it was possible not to worry, the U.S. kept the base in Subic Bay, to keep the "red menace". But after the collapse of the Soviet Union reduced the U.S. military presence in the region.
China acts against Vietnam and the Philippines, they say that the Beijing increasingly feel increasingly newest superpower that is capable of without the help of others to solve problems in the strategically important regions of the principal. In particular in those which concern the important interests of China — in South-East Sea are the ways in which resources are coming to China, the raw materials needed for the development of the nation.
For the U.S., the situation is also profitable: it is possible to increase its presence in the region, and of the conflicts in Eurasia for them to have a direct benefit.