Nothing fundamentally new in terms of small tools armies of the world is not shining. Americans continue to suffer from the M16, though it has changed their M4 to HK 416, as the Germans before use rifles HK G36, the French are still worn with its downright bizarre, very awkward FAMAS …
Make out the order of who and what offers to its armed forces, with which to face in the coming years, 20 — 20 May, and that our motherland can counter.
The main "highlight" of sets of modern equipment is the introduction of the fighter into a fighter outfit of modern information technology, dramatically increasing the connection information inside the unit and facilitate the coordination of the military. Prospective equipment contains within itself the means of communication, navigation systems, night vision goggles, laser range finders, electrical cards, as personal protective equipment (body armor, helmets, etc.), advanced small gun and uniform, made with the use of thermostatic fabrics that protect overheating or overcooling.
Beauty of the American
Complete fighter Land Warrior.Foto: US ARMY.
South American programm «Land Warrior», which began before the other, at the present time have gained great results. By 2003, the U.S. has made two sets of Land Warrior Block 1 and Land Warrior Block 2, the last — designed for fighter Stryker-brigade (new type of compounds, equipped with fighting vehicles of the Stryker). In 2003, a set of Land Warrior Block 2, it was decided to make the main. At the current time, the development of a promising set of equipment, received a new name — Mounted Warrior, manufactured by General Dynamics C4 Systems.
Mounted Warrior Set includes: computer, helmet-mounted display (HMD), GPS-navigator, radio, power supply and armament control system. A fighter can be monitored over the battlefield thanks to video and infrared cameras mounted on the automatic rifle, the image of which is displayed on the screen. With all of this serviceman himself can stay in the shelter. In addition to the monocular HMD helmet is equipped with an optical system, headphones and microphone. All unit along with armored vehicles, "Stryker" combined into a single information system. Combat vehicles are not just for transportation and fire support fighter, and as a typical "information hub", "battle space» (battlespace), permitting the exchange of information between different departments.
From May to September 2006 on the basis of the fourth brigade of the 23rd Infantry Division (Fort Lewis units. Washington) held the first field tests of Land Warrior 440 sets and 147 sets of Mounted Warrior. According to the results of tests in February 2007, the Pentagon said the likely closure of programs from due to its low efficiency due to lack of necessary technology.
But in June 2007 the 4th Brigade was oriented in Iraq, along with 200 sets of military Land Warrior and Mounted Warrior. Kits were tested during a patrol in the city and in the wilderness criteria.
GPS-navigator DAGR. Photo: US ARMY.
In August, it introduced a new upgraded version of the combat kit. It became much easier to its predecessor and has a number of technical innovations. Namely, the weight of the electric equipment now is 3.2 kg and not 4.5 as before. In addition to the GPS-navigator and a helmet-mounted display, a new set equipped with positioning snipers "Boomerang" is also a small-sized keyboard on the control unit.
New kits can communicate with BBM "Stryker", using their robots can also be controlled and combat engineers.
In July 2007, the U.S. Congress Committee on Armed Services issued a report in which caused the necessity of the continuation of the Land Warrior. In the 2008 defense budget, the money. has been allocated an amount of 18.7 million dollars to continue field testing and improvement kit.
Entertaining the fact that in February 2005 programm Land Warrior was merged with the project «Future Force Warrior», which was aimed at creating a set of Land Warrior II with a completely new, "futuristic" technology. Regardless of their union, the program Future Force Warrior is seen as a promising and will be financed even in the event of the closure of the project Land Warrior. One of the main parts of the kit FFW will suit exoskeleton that protects fighter and increase his physical abilities due to electro-mechanical "muscle."
The likely view Future Force Warrior
According to the statement of the military command, sets of Land Warrior and Mounted Warrior during their introduction to the criteria of combat in Iraq have allowed significantly increase the level of awareness in urban fighter criteria also make better coordination in combat missions.
At the same time, the fighters themselves they say that the set is inconvenient, unreliable, often turned off because of the feeble parts supply. In addition, have difficulties with the transfer command with the latest electrical equipment. Also set hinders decision-making in extreme conditions.
Despite the negative attitude of a fighter to the new systems, the project is expected to continue, but to increment the number of field tests in actual combat to identify all the shortcomings of the new equipment. In general, the project has been spent around 500 million dollars. Approximate price of the 1st set of Land Warrior is about 70 thousand dollars.
European answer to Uncle Sam
The principal programs from the United States in the area of personal combat sets initiated the development of similar projects in the Federal Republic of Germany (IdZ), France (FELIN), England (FIST), Spain (COMFUT), Sweden (IMESS), Australia (Land 125), etc.
Almost all of them have followed in line with U.S. and concepts aimed at integrating fighter in the digital control system fight.
Next, the other in the matter progressed, France and Germany. They began to implement their projects almost immediately after the United States — in 1996. First mock combat sets the Germans and the French have tried to apply during the fighting in Yugoslavia. But they showed their poor performance — and their funding was discontinued.
Development resumed when the armed forces units France and Germany have
been focused in Afghanistan, as a large range, which allowed the principal to find ways of improving the available operating time.
In 2003 the French army during the tender chosen company Sagem for the ultimate development of a set of first generation FELIN-I.
FELIN — acronym for «Fantassin a Equipement et Liaisons Integres», which translated from French means "Integrated Equipment and Communications Infantryman." According to the contract signed in 2004, the company until the end of 2010 is to deliver 22.5 thousand sets of 20 infantry regiments and an additional 9 thousand sets in armored, engineering and artillery troops.
Fighter complete FELIN
50 of the first prototype in September 2007 were delivered to the French peacekeeping forces stationed in Afghanistan. Delivery of the next batch of 358 experienced imagery is planned for February 2008. Until the end of this year to conduct field tests on the basis of three battalions involved in Afghanistan. Deliveries of the first 1000 sets made in the framework of the full-scale production is scheduled for late 2008. It is expected that by mid-2009, two-thirds of the infantry regiments will be equipped with new complexes, and by 2010, they will be fully staffed. Since 2015 it is planned to begin development of a set FELIN-II.
Weight of equipment, including electrical equipment (radio, navigation devices, video and infrared cameras, the control unit), guns, ammunition, helmets, body armor and uniforms with the parts supply is about 25 kg. A set will be available in five configurations. Each infantry regiment is equipped with 1,000 sets.
The kit includes assault rifle Giat FAMAS G2 5.56-mm sniper rifle Giat FR-F2 7.62 mm light machine gun FN Herstal Minimi 5.56 mm. Digital FAMAS rifle is connected to the mini-monitor on the helmet fighter.
The main components of FELIN
In Germany, at the end of 2006, the Bundeswehr has concluded the contract price of $ 34.4 million with "Rheinmetall's Defence Electronics" for the development of the second generation of the layout set IdZ-ES with the delivery of the first 20 units by May 2007. These kits are undergoing tests in Afghanistan.
Each set IdZ-ES anticipates equipment for infantry squad consisting of 10 soldiers. A basic version of the kit IdZ-ES weighs only 6.5 kg, not including clay armor, extra gear and equipment for specific tasks.
IdZ abbreviation means "foot soldier of the future» (Infanterist der Zukunft). The kit is a modular design, so the soldier can take only the equipment that he needed to perform certain tasks. Completion of the development of a new set IdZ-ES is scheduled for late 2008-early 2009.
Each set IdZ-ES anticipates equipment for infantry squad consisting of 10 fighter. One such system includes the following components:
— Bulletproof — 10 pcs.
— Vest — 10.
— VHF radio for communication with the office — 10 pcs.
— Batteries for VHF radios — 60 pcs.
— Navigation — 10 units.
— Digital camera — 1 pc.
— Helmet — 10 pcs.
— The system of drinking water Camelback — 10 pcs.
— Goggles — 10 pcs.
— Ear protection — 10 pcs.
— The protective suit of weapons of mass destruction with gloves and shoe covers — 10 pcs.
— Radiation Dosimeter — 10 pcs.
— Laser Range Finder Vector IV — 1 pc.
— Light-Laser Module — 10 pcs.
— Device night surveillance Hunt-IR — 2 pcs.
— Night vision goggles Lucie — 2 pcs.
— Night vision sight NSA80 — 10 pcs.
— Thermal imaging device TWS AN/TAS13A (V) — 2 pcs.
— Submachine Gun MR7A1 — 2 pcs.
— 40-mm grenade launcher AG36 — 2 pcs.
— Machine gun MG4 — 2 pcs.
— Mnogokalibernaya sniper rifle G82 — 1 piece
A basic set of weapons assault rifle is the G36.
Assault rifle (automatic) G36 developed in the 1990s by the German company Heckler & Koch and accepted into service in Germany and Spain, is also offered for export. G36 is built on a non-standard for HC, but more Spreading in the world (AK-47. ….. AK-108, for example) the principle of vapor automation with the barrel locking rotating bolt and a small stroke gas piston. In the rifle used conventional tools for HC Modular firing mechanism, detachable under partial disassembly. Fuse-switch fire mode has 4 positions — lock, single fire, the queue of 3 shots and automatic fire.
Videos for partial disassembly, assembly, cleaning and lubrication HK G36
Machine gun Heckler & Koch MG4 has a caliber of 5.56 mm., Weight and rate of fire, depending on the version — 7.7-8.1 kg. and 770-880 rds. / min. The machine gun has a folding plastic butt to the left, plastic forearm and easy roll-away bipod mounted on a gas operated unit. In addition, it provides attachment for mounting on vehicles or infantry machine. Sights include the fly based on the folding and adjustable quick-release rear sight mounted on the guide type Picatinny rail on top of the receiver box. Rear sight is graduated from 100 to 1000 meters, instead of it (or combined with) the likely setting different day and night sights with standard fixtures.
Mnogokalibernaya sniper rifle G82 (designed and made by the American company Barrett, slightly adapted to fit your needs Bundeswehr) — Barret M82A1M «Light Fifty» (M82A3 to systematize the U.S. Army) caliber: .50 BMG (12.7×99 mm) Weight: 12.9 kg (without cartridges) Accuracy: 1.5 — 2 MOA (minutes of arc) using match grade ammunition.
The true recognition of this rifle began with 1990-91, when in the process of preparing and implementing "Operation Desert Storm" The Armed Forces of the United States (first Marine Corps, and then other kinds of troops) bought the company several hundred M82A1 rifles.
These rifles were in the military designation SASR — «Special Applications Scoped Rifle», in other words "special purpose rifle with telescopic sight." The main roles of this rifle began liquidation of real assets and combat materiel, including cars, cockpit communications and radar, aircraft and helicopters parked. Another principal role was the destruction of unexploded ordnance from non-threatening distance. Against individuals actually implement such a class is not used.
At the current time, Barrett M82A1 rifle used in more than 30 countries, in
cluding Belgium, Britain, Denmark, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Turkey, the United States and other countries.
The beauty of running in the middle of …
Martial sets of other states, namely Britain, Spain, Sweden, and Australia are only in the development stage. This is due to the late start of the implementation of projects in this area. For example, England has signed a contract with Thales only in March 2003, Spain — with the concern EADS in October 2006, Sweden — first, in 2006 Australia — in 2004.
Regardless of their time lag, field tests kits were already planned for 2008. This is due, first, to the reduction of terms of research and development of conceptual solutions relevant technologies. The main production borrowed from the United States. At the same time, the military hurry to experience the new sets in actual combat against the criteria of the likely withdrawal of troops from Iraq and Afghanistan.
There are also other applets, such as African Warrior (South Africa), Soldato Futuro (Italy), Soldier Modernisation Program (Netherlands), NORMANS (Norway), Soldado do Futuro (Portugal), Advanced Combat Man System (Singapore), IMESS (Switzerland ), ANOG (Israel), BEST (Belgium) and the 21st Century soldier (Czech Republic).
21st Century soldier
They are all aimed at increasing situational awareness fighter through the introduction of navigation devices, digital binoculars, electrical cards, different optical and infrared devices, improving the level of interaction with the modern means of communication.
And we have — in the flat gas!
Equipment for the development of promising Russian fighter goes under the respective federal motivated applets.
Requirements for promising Gear was developed basic rocket artillery Department of the Ministry of Defence (Grau), with the participation of the respective structures of other law enforcement agencies, as specialized research organizations (NRI "Tochmash", NGO "Special equipment and communication", NGOs, and other special materials). The aim is to create programs from the basic set of personal equipment (BKIE) with the possibility of further development to different types of problems. The reference to "tactical and technical requirements for a set of Barmitsa-H2" (https://docs.gugl.com/Doc?id=d2gtck9_2cd56b5gz).
The first prototype was set BKIE "Barmitsa" successfully passed tests and is delivered to the troops. The kit comes an improved helmet 6B7-1M, body armor 6B23-1, improved communications and weapons — the modernized Kalashnikov assault rifles, machine guns single "Pecheneg" RPG-29 "Vampire". Initially to be introduced in set promising gear automatic AN-94 (Abakan), but, the armed forces have abandoned this weapon because of its lack of reliability and sophisticated design.
On the basis of sets of "Barmitsa" developed a set of "Warrior," which, at first, will feature improved navigation and communications equipment. The kit will include navigation system "GLONASS", also promising electrical apparatus that provides information sharing and giving orders in accordance with the concept of «battle space». Development of the respective equipment is concern "Constellation", has already submitted the first samples of automatic control systems for the connection. Portable navigation system GLONASS for the armed forces of the Russian Federation developed the ICD "Compass". One of the first examples, the navigator NPI was demonstrated at MAKS-2007.
GLONASS navigator NPI
Just as in the West, the basis of process control connections are software and hardware for all levels of the hierarchy — from a soldier to the division commander. Soldier's complex is a device that can carry voice, disk imaging as well as in digital format and displays the tactical situation on the arm-monitor. Their complexes are available at all levels of the perineum — the squad, platoon, company, battalion and regiment.
The paper used materials from the following sources: the article "Soldiers of the Future" from the website «Lenta.Ru» (http://www.lenta.ru/articles/2008/01/10/warrior/), branch of "Perspective" digital "French infantry equipment FELIN» from the website RusArmy.com (http://www.rusarmy.com/forum/topic6633.html), Article FELIN — «digital set soldier" from the website Military Informant (http:// www.military-informer.narod.ru/FELIN.htm), set FELIN description from the official website SAGEM, a Web site "Modern Firearms» (http://world.guns.ru/), etc.
The authorship of the main part of the article is not clear — or it Kolentev Alex S., and Nikolai Golovlev and Ilya Kramnik.
PS Defense Ministry spokesman said that can be purchased will be several sets of FELIN, «for example eight, for information."
PPS What is it all goes (let's give vent to imagination?)
Outfit Russian fighter second half of the 21st century
1) telescopic antenna (radio, mobile and satellite communications, and so on.)
2) The helmet of 2-parts with a rear and side view;
3) The optical assembly (camera, flashlight, IR illuminator, thermal window, and so on.)
4) hearing device with a decoder, which protects against sound overloads;
5) sprayed with acrylic glass screen avtozatemneniem;
6) intercom with avtoperevodchikom, voice scramblers;
7) Built-in gas mask with protection against chemical and biological weapons;
quick-mental armor with adaptive camouflage and Kevlar lining;
9) railgun or gauss rifle;
10) the elements of the modular exoskeleton;
11) scanner detection traps, stretch marks and mines;
12) boots with protection against anti-personnel mines.