Collision

CollisionHearing the title "K-10", someone may remember the iron doors — so named Mark one of them, someone — a clay capacitors, someone — CPU: some of them have the same abbreviation .. . Submariners immediately loaf of nuclear-powered ships Pacific Fleet, commanded by Captain 1st Rank Valery Medvedev. And, of course, immediately recall the rumors about how Medvedev Chinese submarine sank, resulting Tipo killed about 100 people.

Do not try to "google" web of open spaces — where the details of this disaster will not find. Since neither in the articles or in the documents how-ever noticeable traces it has left. And the Chinese people directly about it did not report the globe. And the Russian prefer to pretend that nothing such was not. In the best case, you will get on the eyes in the article "Wikipedia", where there is such a paragraph: "21.01.1983. K-10. Project 675, Echo-II. USSR. Nuclear missile submarine. In submerged faced with the unknown object. After surfacing nothing, except diesel fuel stains had been found. None of the States in the Pacific region of the tragedies of their own submarines are not reported. In just two years in the Chinese press obituary appeared on the death this day a group of scientists on submarines. Officially, these actions were not compared. "

As Medvedev sank a Chinese submarine
We try to compare. At least since Medvedev himself has been 28 years of living with the memory.

Secrets of cool war
Not so long ago, we met with the former captain of the nuclear submarine "K-10" Valery Nikolaevich. Obninsk, near Moscow. An ordinary apartment with ordinary situation. The paintings on the walls depicting the sea and submarines report that there lives a family navigator. On the coffee table shows a thick piece of metal — a strong part of the skin of the case: see the commander was preparing for a meeting with the journalist. Valery in an officer's uniform. For courage?
To begin recall that the collision "K-10" with "some" boat was neither the first nor the last. If you list all the underwater collision, there can be a memory, that the oceans teeming with submarines floating in it, like minestrone soup — cooked vegetables. By the way, among nedavneshnih versions tragedy passenger liner "Concordia" in the Italian version of the coast is also a collision with a submarine. Among other memorabilia rumors: The Yankees have repeatedly blamed the fact that this particular fault of their own tragedy of "Kursk", saying that the two submarines shtatovskih Project Los Angeles — Memphis and Toledo — were in the Northern Fleet exercise Aug. 12, 2000. And after the disaster Memphis went to the Norwegian port of Bergen on repairs. But the U.S. Department of Defense did not allow Russian side of the ships look around to make sure that neither one of them is damaged.
Hero of the Russian Union of Vice-Admiral Yevgeny Chernov recalled a case where our "K-306" so rammed a South American "Patrick Henry," that she came out and her crew began to vigorously fight for survival.

Admiral Igor Kasatonov in his own memoir, "The Navy came out into the ocean," writes: "20 submarine collision, mainly the fault of the Yankees came out for the near future. More serious was the battering ram "K-19" November 15, 1969, after putting the South American boat "Getou" at the bottom of the Barents Sea. Then only the magic of the Yankees got the best of death. "

Such examples … — 10's, if not hundreds. The tragedies and disasters are usually not documented in the press — in times of war, cool, well after it was decided to classify all. Then there was the Web and Wikileaks. And sailors by force of habit is not likely to, to stir up the past. However, though with a huge delay, but the truth is trying to swim out. Thus emerges the oily stain, indicating that somewhere in the depths of the sea tragedy. Only nekompitentny otmahnetsya looking at this spot. Do not really need in order to dig into an old wound. It is needed at least in order to learn lessons and prevent a recurrence of the disaster.

My friend submariner, now retired, Anatoly Safonov its website wrote: "… Captain 1st Rank Valery Medvedev is a patriot of his own country, where he spent his life selflessly served. His love for the motherland, he has shown in the exemplary performance of official duties … "
It looks like a line from the property of the party. But, in the words of Safonov, neither inclined to sentimentality nor bolshennomu deference to party-political bodies, these words are applied to Medvedev fair and accurate.

The only thing that does not have kleilos Safonov in the exemplary characteristics of the brave explorer — stories dumb question: Why so long remained silent and did not dare to tell the truth about what happened? Looking ahead, I note that it seemed to me that during our conversation Valery said, far not all.
So, I was sitting in front of a low growth strong pensioner. Read it quietly, not because usually they say in the Navy commanders.
Valery recalled …

Chinese ram
January 22, 1983 "K-10" was in the South China Sea. Combat service went on as usual, and as they say in such cases, "nothing is promised trouble." The depth under the keel — 4500 meters (submariners joke: "Five minutes away by bus"). It was a Saturday. After bathing the personnel of the submarine looked feature film in the first compartment.

The appointed to exit the connection area went for eight hours before the deadline. In the district itself was required to enter a strictly scheduled time.

CollisionCommander Medvedev decided to check the absence of monitoring by the U.S. forces and the anti-land of the rising sun. When turning on the revolving course proper reports received from the hydrophone. Everything was clean! Diving depth — 54 meters.

Suddenly there was a push: a feeling as if the boat ran into some obstacle. The blow was Myagenko, but massive. From the collision very shook the whole body submarine. "K-10", as if grappled with an unknown object during a certain time was moving with him. Then they disengage. Simultaneously has been declared an emergency alarm. First nasal three compartments were sealed together with the people who were in them.

On speakerphone Medvedev asked the first compartment. In response — silence. Speakerphone. You can imagine the feelings of the commander in this minute. Meanwhile, the boat was on its way and this deep, with a small drop in speed. Slightly increased the trim on the nose.

Medvedev says: "I am constantly asked for the first compartment. In case of a collision sailors probably got a lot of stress, it is necessary to know the situation … After two minutes which seemed like an eternity, from the first report was: a compartment is sealed! "

In the 21 hour 31 minute floated on the surface. Over the sea was raging typhoon. Straseni force winds and big waves tossed the boat like a small sliver. Nights in those latitudes, dark, maybe because, looking through the periscope optics sea, Medvedev, according to him, could not see anything. Gave the command to return to the point of collision. Once there, they co-driver and signalman saw the orange flashing fi
re retreating submarine. After about 30-40 seconds of fire was gone.

Medvedev repeated a couple of times, "about what he saw the flashing lights of the submarine I say at this point for the first time …"
Valery silent. Apparently, he recalled those difficult minute. It is hundreds of times at the level of thought vorachivalsya to the area and tried to understand what exactly a boat came collision. He came to the conclusion that with the Chinese. And here's why. In accordance with the Decree of the Government of the USSR from 09.01.1959 to CDB-16 from March to December 1959 have been prepared by the working drawings and documentation technology for the project with a set of 629 D-1 to R-11FM for transmission of the People's Republic. To illumine 1960 at a shipyard in Dalian (China, Far, the last) accomplished the first tab of the Chinese submarine project 629. To speed up the construction of its widely used Russian design, and equipment and machinery from the submarine "K-139" (launched in May 1960). The construction of Chinese submarines was completed in late 1961 and received the hull number 200. Immediately in Komsomolsk-on-Amur submarines laid under the serial number 138.

After the construction of the ship in parts of China and moved to the end of 1962 put into operation under the number 208. Later, two years after the variant with "K-10", it became clear that in 1983, this Chinese submarine number 208 lost with all hands, and a group of scientists and engineers during the testing of Chinese ballistic missile JL-1.

Taking into account that the boat project 629 crew of about 100 people and that there was still a group of civilian professionals, we can only assume precise number of victims.

Is noteworthy that China never officially linked with the death of a collision of this boat. At the moment, you can almost say with absolute certainty that the Chinese submarine was lost as a result of collision with "K-10". If there had been a submarine "K-10" at the collision point for 5 seconds earlier, maybe she would lie on this point at a depth of 4500 meters.

About clash … Medvedev obviously immediately reported to the fleet. In response, it was ordered to follow on the surface to the base of Cam Ranh Bay, who was in South Vietnam. Escorted them approached BOD "Petropavlovsk". When viewed from the boat (this was created by the stern) it turned out that her nose is of strongest damage. In the middle of the mangled bow of "K-10" were found pieces of alien metal. Iron keel track "K-10" width 30 mm and length of about 32 meters in the collision had been cut as a razor.
After inspecting the submarine fleet command has decided that an emergency condition she can overcome 4,500 km to the main base of the submerged, forcing the passage Bashi, Okinawa and Korea Strait on the surface. Naturally, it was almost madness: under such injuries — and underwater! But orders are orders. Without acoustic stations, in fact to the touch, but 4500 km were normal. Medvedev was confident in his carriage. And the crew did not let his own commander. For such a transition to a different situation Mariners would shine merit.
But not this time. At this time the Chief of the Navy of the USSR SG Medvedev announced pots recovery.

"Blind" and "dead"
Themselves emerge not only details of options, and the question of how could this happen? Uneasy hydrology in the area? Bad sonar abilities? Not a good preparation hydrophone? The presence of so-called blind or dead zones? Why make the same mistakes made and the boat crew of China?

It is clear that there was an investigation into the tragedy spices Commission Technical Department of the Navy and the Pacific Fleet. Why then even the Pacific Fleet submariners not know about him?

There is a world participant in those events. Alexander Dobrogorsky served on the "K-10", and on the day he served as the ship's mechanical engineer. Here's what he wrote me: "As far as I can remember — and a lot of time has passed — we began to circulate on the left, and followed by a kick. In other words, the collision. Means they (the Chinese submarine. — Comm. Aut.) Were sitting on our tail. Or is it a fatal accident, that I do not believe it: a very large oceans for similar accidents.

Why do Chinese people … not figured out maneuver and that circulation? Only God is clear. Most likely they were ill-prepared sonar. How do I know when tracking the submarine for submarine depths must be different and must be a certain distance to the object, so that in the case of what might have been time to commit protivomanevr. But at that time it did not happen: the two met in a grain of sand boundless depths, it's just a paradox …
Upon arrival at the … Kamran we already expect the members of the State Commission. Go to the pier we were not allowed, anchored. Came up with the members of the committee boat and divers. No one did not let up. Specialists all fired inspection. Conclusions inspection, we did not report. Medvedev like zadrobili academy did not give kapraza (rank of Captain 1st rank. — Ed.) And reprimanded by the name of Commander of the Navy.

After returning to … Pavlovsk we started to cut the mangled torpedo tubes, which covers pootryvat the moment of impact, and in fact there were torpedoes with nuclear warheads (nuclear warheads).

After talking with some other divers discovered that a senior on board the "K-10" was the chief of staff PL 29-1 Division Captain 2nd Rank Krylov. After the collision, boat officer arrested a special department of the central post of the watch magazines and navigator. Wings long communicated with a special person. As a result, private conversation, it was decided to rewrite these magazines. Magazine even rewrote the main power plant, as High speed mode submarine while following her to the area of combat duty was very broken and the boat came to the area for 3 hours earlier. Enter the area of duty never before. Because he hung around until you are faced with the Chinese. "

But the former commander of the submarine world of Victor Bondarenko, with whom we met there, in Obninsk:
— Valery did everything right. Why he came to the area earlier in 8:00, apparently, for some reason it was, but it was his difficulties. The bad news is that there is no timing — when encountered, when returned to the place of the collision, which was speed, etc.
Tracking Chinese diesel submarine for nuclear-powered ships — so can only speculate amateur. The Chinese spent the next step test, the crew is not fulfilled, it is completely forbidden to be distracted by uncharacteristic tasks, not including testing. Even if they found a Russian icebreaker, it had to pass it on the radio to save and continue their work. Total in submarines was that the technical features in them were actually similar acoustic station.

CollisionThe crew on the "K-10" has been worked out, and maneuver to check the feed, bearings are very responsible, and the acoustics are very carefully about this.

Let's think. Once the boat collided, meaning they are at the same depth — 54 meters. Medvedev further states that at the time the storm raged overhead. If so, then the noise of both submarines masked by noise of the sea. In this situation, even cancel the speakers and an A-hydrophone will not allocate the noise of the submarine from the noise of the sea — this is a theorem.
Medvedev said that after surfacing, he found an orange flash fire. Means the Chinese boat also came out, why then she drowned — is the question. If it did not sink after the collision, and
came out, and later sank, then it is not at all clear. Means they have created something incorrectly, because miracles do not happen, if it was so difficult, that after the collision, they would have gone to the bottom of the stone, remembering Mao. So Valery no need to hang over all dogs.

Acoustic shadow
In 1981, on one of the ranges of the Northern Fleet on the Kola Bay near collision came Russian and American nuclear submarines. Then the South American submarine own logging rammed the stern of a new Russian missile submarine strategic focus of the "K-211", has just entered the Northern Fleet and worked through the elements of combat training. South American boat in the collision is not floated. But after a few days in the British naval base of Holy Loch appeared U.S. nuclear boat with pronounced cutting injuries. Our boat sailed under its own power and arrived at the base. Then it was waiting for the commission, made up of professionals in the fleet industry, science and the designer.

The Commission, having simulated situation maneuver 2-boats, after examining the injury, found that South American boat followed our boat in its sectors of food, staying for her in the acoustic shadow. As our boat changed course, the South American boat lost contact and crashed face down his own wheelhouse aft Russian boats. It was put in the dock, and there during the inspection were found in the 2-stern ballast tanks head holes, damage to the propeller blades and the right horizontal stabilizer. In brain damaged ballast tanks were found pan-head screws, pieces of metal and complex cuttings from an American submarine. Moreover, in separate parts of the Commission was able to establish that the collision happened specifically with a U.S. submarine class "Sturgeon", which later was confirmed appearance in the Holy Loch boat with damaged logging of this particular class.

Projecting this case … in case of a collision with a Chinese boat unwittingly come to the version that the premise of the collision could be those unfortunate "feed sector with acoustic shadows."

You can also recall another case — a clash class nuclear submarine "Sierra" (Northern Fleet), the submarine "Baton Rouge" (U.S. Navy) February 11, 1992. Russian nuclear submarine torpedo (presumably it was the "K-239", "carp") was in the range of combat training near Peninsula Fishermen in the territorial waters of Russia. He commanded a submarine captain 2 rank I. elbow. The boat followed at a depth of 22.8 meters. South American icebreaker is tracking for its Russian "brother", following a depth of about 15 meters. In the process of maneuvering the acoustics of the American boat lost contact with the "Sierra", and because the area were 5 fishing vessels, the sound of propellers which is similar to the sound of propellers submarine, the commander of the "Baton Rouge" decided in 20 hours 8 minutes to swim out to periscope depth and understanding in the atmosphere. Russian boat at this point was lower than the U.S., and also began surfacing for a communication session with the shore. Collision happened submarines. In a collision, "Sierra" own logging rammed the bottom of the American submarine. Only a small speed boats Russia and the shallower depth of ascent have allowed the American submarine escape death.

This is an example … as if by chance. But accidents at sea, as we know, does not happen. Statistics show from 1968 to 2000 it was about 25 collisions foreign submarines (the main American) to Russian and Russian submarines underwater. 12 of them — at our shores, on the approaches to the main Fri basing submarines in the North (nine collisions), and Pacific fleets (three collision). Usually, the incidents occurred in the ranges of combat training (BP), where the submarines after a change of crew work out the tasks of the course of combat training.

According to the research center Defense Express, a fleet history recorded seven cases of sinking submarine: 2-US ("Thresher" and "Scorpion") and 5 Russian ("K-8", "K-219", "K- 278 "" Komsomolets "," K-27 ", the submarine" Kursk "). Four nuclear submarines of the USSR were killed as a result of the tragedy, and one was scuttled in the Kara Sea by the decision of the responsible municipal departments because of the inability recovery and overhead recovery.

Almost always, if not exactly been able to find any preconditions death submarine guilty preferred to deny any involvement in this. And sometimes even in spite of trivial verification, using the principle of good old times, "Do not be caught, not a thief."

Apophasis
At one point, I became acquainted with the naval attache in the United States of. Malehankih growth Kripen'ka, with lots of premium bars on a white uniform shirt … He seemed to exude satisfaction of a success of their lives. Straightened his shoulders this satisfaction, in fact, show. It turned out that he — the last commander of a nuclear submarine of the "Los Angeles". "I was in command of as many as four years!" — With real pride he said.

"Just think, four years — I said — we won by 8-9 years of commanders …" He looked at me with disbelief. But I called a friend of Admiral, also a former submarine commander and asked him to confirm my words. He confirmed.

The Yankees were very surprised. "How did — he could not believe it until the end — because I also know how hard it is … Eight years … It's impossible."
Well, yes, yes … that the Germans (the Yankees in this case) death, the Russian can be fully.

And I remembered Medvedev, who was commander of the submarine nine (!) Years. Medvedev pensioner looked fine. But his shoulders in the moments of our conversation about the prestige of the service were not deployed from a sense of pride. This I remember well. As is the fact that the last commander of something to me about it collision did not say …

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