How do airplanes. Part 2 (47 pics).


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Author: sergeydolya

Read the first part of "How do airplanes. Part 1 (57 photos)"

Read and watch, "KnAAPO. Superjet. Or another photo essay on SSJ-100 (45 photos)"
— Supplementing the photo report Marat Gizatulina.

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If in the previous workshop Sukhoi aircraft literally vystrugivali from a piece of aluminum, in the shop, which I will today breathe life into it. Here airplane wings give, avionics, engines and interior, then for the first time in his life he takes to the skies …

[1]


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[2]


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[3] The first thing that catches the eye in the final assembly shop Superjet is perfect cleanliness and order:


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[4] Nearly every aircraft are light boxes that tell about specific works produced in the moment with each of the six aircraft in the hangar:


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[5] The shop cleaned 4 times a day — the mud and the aircraft are incompatible:


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[6] All processes of the assembly is fenced areas — exactly the same I saw on the Boeing plant:


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[7] In the final assembly shop at the same time build 6 aircraft plus one is already finished, while it will not accept and will not take away the customer:


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[8] The plant works on the principle of the conveyor. In the workshop organized by the 6 jobs, each of which carries out aircraft 30 days. This is the so-called "production cycle":


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[9] In the first workplace, or on the "Platform number 1", set the vertical and horizontal stabilizers, doors, luggage hatches, fin and stabilizer mounted electric wire and conduit through which fuel is supplied hydraulic fluid and hydraulic systems (though here is similar to the plane eared helmet Darth Vader?)


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[10] The top antenna:


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[11] In the cockpit pulled the first wire feed system and install water-repellent liquid treatment system windshields:


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[12] Case Mount the auxiliary power unit (APU), which is used to start the main engines and aircraft to provide energy in parking lots:


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[13] of center — the central part of the aircraft, which at the time of the next measure will attach the wings. When the aircraft to be built, this section will be sealed, and in it, as in the wing, will fuel tank:


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[14] The second job is attached to the aircraft wings, hang chassis mount itself APU and front fairing:


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[15] SSJ100 — the first Russian aircraft docking is performed automatically. The fuselage of the aircraft leveled, and raised wings on special jacks. All leveled by laser, then there is docking and fixing wing to the fuselage:


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[16] The chassis fastened after setting of the wings. They have to get out of the cavity underneath the plane of the center section. After installing the chassis plane moves from one job to another is on its wheels:


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[17] The chassis withstand 70,000 takeoffs and landings:


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[18] In the Superjet 83 kilometers of wires. Incorporation electroconnectors and continuity are predominantly girls:


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om

[19] How do they get these wires, I do not understand, but those in the know say it can not be confused:


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[20] For each bundle removing covers marked to prevent the ingress of dust and indicating the order of docking:


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[21] The plane inside of the "stud" mats, heat and sound insulation:


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[22] Around each opening in the floor is a warning sign:


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[23] During the third clock hung on the wing pylons engine mounts, set the slats, flaps, sealed electrical connections:


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[24] Beautiful girls cleaned the top panel of the wing of the excess sealant:


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[25]


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[26]


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[27] During the fourth bar mounted hydraulic system and air conditioning system, find all sorts of leaks, frame mounted fairing wing-fuselage is pressurized fuselage pressurized air from a special stand, install electronic equipment:


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[28] At the 5th step of the plane "cast talk" that is beginning to test all the systems under shock:


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[29] Technical plates in the open, and the workers are paving the wires through the luggage compartment mounted cable network:


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[30] There are several compartments on board — and under the cabin floor (podkabinnoe space), and in the front / rear luggage compartments. Actually, the whole complexity of modern aircraft — as a bunch of very different techniques to push in a rather limited space and make it so that it runs smoothly and without unnecessary interference:


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[31]


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[32] MastPLL monitor the implementation of design changes:


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[33] In the final step of the second mounted in the aircraft cabin, engines, flight deck, conduct a general inspection and rolling out — that is, the first aircraft roll out of the hangar, where it is transmitted to the flight test station:


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[34] Prior to the completion of the work area is closed with special covers to prevent damage before delivery to the customer. Note the legroom of passengers in the first row of economy class. If you are ever fly Superjet, ask first row:


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[35] Aircraft equipped with Russian-French engines SaM146:


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[36] Engines optimized for 75 seats, but most airlines prefer to order salons with 95 seats, because of this it was felt that the Superjet weak engines. Currently Sukhoi is working to increase engine power by 5% for the version of the aircraft with increased range (long range), which will inevitably lead to an increase in the value of its services and reduce resource:


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[37] Testing of systems before the first flight:


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[38] After the flight test work plane flies in Ulyanovsk, where his color, and then returned to the Komsomolsk-on-Amur for the final finishing touches, and repair any minor problems:


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Currently, each plane is made for 180 days. Before the plant is t
o speed up the production task to build the aircraft took 54 days.

If the currently output one cycle is 30 days, which means that produces dry for 1 month each aircraft. In the future, each cycle will be reduced to 9 days, which will release on 3 planes per month.

At the moment, 11 aircraft have been built, but few aircraft design and manufacture, it is also necessary to test (to prove that to get a decent product) and certified as is a new type of aircraft. No certificates, no airline will buy it — why aircraft that can carry passengers?

The 1st, 3rd, 4th and 5th SSJ100 aircraft based on flight test complex CJSC "Sukhoi Civil Aircraft" in LII im.Gromova in Zhukovsky.
2nd — TsAGI, Zhukovsky
6th — in SibNIA, Novosibirsk

1st SSJ100 (factory ratedPLL 95001, board nomPLL 97001) first flew on 19.05.2008, and in October 2008 began flight certification tests. Due to the fact that "unity" is not entirely in conformity with the type design SSJ100, he has been involved mainly in aerodynamic tests and tests for critical modes (icing, stall).

2nd SSJ100 (factory ratedPLL 95002, board room does not — because they do not fly) in TsAGI (Central Aero-Hydrodynamic Institute im.Zhukovskogo) for static tests. The plane is loaded and see what happens with the design — it behaves like a stand.

Third flying prototype (95003, 97003) was held, for example, the test flight characteristics (performance characteristics), stability and controllability of the side vetPLL in Iceland last year.

4th (also flying — 95004, 97004) — test for failsafe, testing of all the systems of the aircraft, 1st stage of testing at high temperatures, the tests under the impact of electromagnetic fields of high intensity, the tests at high altitude.

5th (flying — 95005, 97005) — tests at high temperatures, testing at low temperatures, and also failsafe also test all the systems.

6th (flightless — 95006) — tested on a resource — it made flying laboratory.

7th SSJ100 (factory ratedPLL 95007, board EK-95015 (Armavia) — this is the first production aircraft. Named in honor of Yuri Gagarin. The first commercial flight has made 21.04.2011, since flown more than 1,000 hours.

8th SSJ100 (95008, board RA-89001 (Aeroflot) — named in honor of Michael Vodopiyanov. 16.06.2011 The first flight made on the route Moscow — St. Petersburg.

9th SSJ100 (95009, trip yet, because Armavia was not passed) — Armavia plans to put the plane only in the summer schedule, so his production while suspended, to speed up work on the machines for Aeroflot.

10th SSJ100 (95010, RA-89002) — 2nd SSJ for Aeroflot — bears the name of Dmitry Jezierski. The first flight has made not later than 27 August 2011.

11th — the one we saw in the final assembly shop.

To date, Sukhoi has advance orders for 168 aircraft, that is, the production will be uploaded to 2015:

Aeroflot — 30
VEB-Leasing for UTair — 24
Interjet (Mexico) — 15
Gazprom — 10
FLC for Yakutia — 2
Armavia — 2
Kartika Airlines (Indonesia) — 30
Phongsavanh (Laos) — 3
Pearl Aircraft Corporation (USA) — 30
Blue Panorama Airlines (Italy) — 4
Willis Lease Finance Corporation (USA) — 6
Sky Aviation (Indonesia) — 12

List price Superjet 31.7 million dollars. Of these, only salon chairs are $ 1.2 million. Engines are 25% of the cost of the aircraft.

Major competitors Sukhoi Superjet — EmbryPLL E-190, Bombardier CRJ900-1000 and AN-158.

[39] We just caught the moment when the 11th passed Aeroflot plane. Here's the serial Sukhoi Superjet 100:


 Photo source:me.com

[40] The baggage compartment:


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[41] The arrangement of seats in the cabin 3 +2:


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[42] The distance between rows in economy class — 79 centimeters, in business class — 97 inches:


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[43] As I said, the most legroom for passengers in the front row of economy class:


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[44] The business class seats 2 +2 layout:


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[45] The kitchen in the rear of the plane:


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[46] It is not shovels, a large and comfortable toilet:


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[47] And he handsome plane:


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There is an opinion that does not dry SuperDzhet100 our plane, he just arranged from foreign parts, and so we do not need them to be proud of. However, all the brains that designed it, our, and design our own, and our factory. What to do, if our industry can not yet produce components of the qualities that are needed for the production of world-class aircraft.

So Superjet can rightfully become the point of revival of the Russian aircraft industry!

Stay Tuned!

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