Machine gun Draize model 15 (08/15)

After Louis Schmeisser left the company he ran in Bergman's "Reinisch Metallvaren und Maschinenfabrik" ("Rheinmetall"). In his own production company implements "Rheinmetall" used the name of N. von Draize (Dreyse) — in 1901, a weapons factory in the town of Zommerda, he founded was purchased by "Rheinmetall". In connection with this new machine gun, which is a result of collaboration between LG and Louis Schmeisser Stange in 1908 (patented in the name of Schmeisser) was submitted under the name of "Draize" — it was a Model 10 (sample 1910), which has water-cooling , optical or mechanical sight, with a tripod-wheel machine. The subsequent Model 12 has not progressed further re an experienced reference. Machine gun and shield were transported by pack-saddle, in other words, Problem solved, and that the development in Russia of a machine gun "Maxim" arr. 1910 But at this point in European armies were made guns of other systems because of orders for machine guns "Draize" is no longer followed. After the outbreak of the war for the Reichswehr bought "Draize" model 15 (08/15), as a "light" machine gun, although it was officially adopted and did not perceive (in addition, the company "Rheinmetall" also produced regular guns MG.08 ).

Machine gun "Draize" model 15 (08/15)

The casing of the cooling system, the volume of 4 liters was secured to the box gun. Trunk, the weight of which was 1.1 kg, with a receiver are connected by a rusk connection. Muzzle-amplifier output and Vapour device made according to the type of "Maxim". In automation scheme implemented recoil barrel during the non-long course. Locking produced swinging double-armed lever (larva), mounted in the receiver and backed the bolt back — perhaps to choose from such schemes had an impact gun lock-Mannlicher carbine unreleased in Zommerda. USM hammer type was assembled in a box back plate. Helical mainspring mounted in the channel of the trigger, the hammer on the head produces combat platoons, was placed in the gate firing pin spring and fender. The trigger lever was located on the back plate, for his non-automatic safety lock-served. Sear served automatic safety timer, which release the trigger only after the barrel closed at one hundred percent.

The mobile system retreated back after the shot, with all the locking lever, advancing to the ledge butt plate bevel box, turned, freeing shutter. Tide receiver at this point turned the accelerator lever, mounted in the side boxes tide. Lever accelerator own head hitting the bottom of the handle shutter speeds it up. Cartridge cases pulled the ejector valve. Sleeve through the bottom window box is pushed out reflector. After unlocking the barrel and the receiver box hold the locking lever. Move back gate was equal 131 mm bore — 25 mm. After the next round fed into the receiver shutter was moving forward under the influence of spring revertible reforwarded cartridge also releases the locking lever. After that, moving forward all the mobile system, jumper box ascended the locking lever interlocking bolt and receiver box. The receiver was given to sear the self-timer, and if the trigger remains pressed, came a shot.

In the upper part of the box was going to the feeder. In effect, he cited extractor connected to the gate, but because revertible spring and guide rod located in the extractor channel, power systems and automation perfectly synchronized. When going back remover removed from the tape once cartridge, feed lever turned his shoulder. Lever feeding shifted the slider to the right of the receiver. Fingers crossed for the subsequent slide cartridge, located in the tape. Two hooks and the extractor spring-loaded lever was lowered into the receiver of the recovered bullet. While driving forward the extractor to the gate of his projection again turned the feed lever, and the slide was shifted to the left, moving the tape to the step, with all this next cartridge was placed under the extractor hook to the receiver box. Cartridge box with ribbon installed separately or fastened to the bracket located on the right side of the box.

On the cover of the box was mounted rack sight on the cover — front sight, front sight and the profile of the rear sight notch — triangular. Can be installed in the telescope machine gun MG.08.

Tripod-wheeled machine kitted broneschitkami had a standard scheme for long — a longish rather short front and rear legs. On the back of the leg was attached to the machine gunner's seat. With swivel machine gun was connected to a pin on the ring casing, with the mechanism of the vertical guidance — with the help of the tide box. Rough vertical rotating swivel tip produced relatively motionless gear core; elevation allowed to conduct fire from a prone position on air targets, but in a limited sector. In addition, the machine could be used sled "08". In 1917, after the death of Schmeisser machine gun engaged in finalizing the Spar. By the end of the First World War guns "Draize" model 15 is often used as a hand — bipod fastened behind the casing and removable shoulder rest and support — on the fore-end boxes. Gun was muzzle, who played the role of a flame arrester and the amplifier returns — last increased the reliability of the feeder. This modification occurred in German, Turkish and Bulgarian army (in Palestine was delivered about 3 thousand guns "Draize").

The advantages of machine-gun "Draize" shall ease, simplicity of its assembly and disassembly, reliability, lack of care for zeroing and fine adjustments. Undo buffer and accelerator were given quite a considerable rate of fire. The design pattern 15 consisted of 120 parts during partial disassembly gun was divided into 6 parts.

Machine gun that was developed based on the "Draize" in 1918, a 2-versions (8.5 kg mass of cavalry and infantry weighing 9.7 kg) with a magazine-fed, was not ready by the end of the war. The company "Rheinmetall" Aviation has also developed gun received the title Flieger MG13. Then these two systems came together in the machine gun MG13 «Draize" have air cooling and supply stores. This model has aroused great enthusiasm in the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army, which was tested in co-DP (Degtyarev machine gun). In 1931, he was adopted by the Reichswehr, but soon he pushed a single machine gun MG34, though it should be noted that it is widely used in other countries. Namely, the MG13 machine gun, and he converted the standard "Draize" 08/15 to 33-34 years were sold in Spain and Portugal.

To unload the machine gun MG.08/15 «Draize" should be: Push your fingers slide and receiver, pull the tape out of the cartridge receiver. Pull back the bolt on the handle to remove the cartridge from the chamber. Let go of the handle. Push the trigger.

Technical properties of the machine gun "Draize" 08/15:
Cartridge — 7,92 x57 «Mauser";
Mass of the "body" machine gun — 14.5 kg (without cartridges);
Length "body" machine gun — 1204 mm;
Barrel length — 704 mm;
Rifling — 4 right-handed;
The stroke length of rifling — 240 mm;
The initial velocity — 785 m / s;
Rate of fire — 500-600 rounds per minute;
Combat rate — up to 250 shots per minute;
Effective range — 2000 m;
Tape capacity — 100 or 250 rounds;
Mass equipped with tape —
7.2 kg;
Subcategory — Tripod-wheel;
Machine weight — 31.3 kg;
Strip height of fire — 385-840 mm;
Weight of the machine gun on bipod — 29.5 kg.

Based on: S. Fedoseyev — Guns in the First World War

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