Hardly pages summer editions settled longstanding debate dedicated to the "Passion of Mittlayder" enlightened gardeners again found, as to argue, and dispute no end in sight. Moreover, cross swords mostly citizens who dedicate their sites on weekends. This is only natural — after two days and the rest want to recover from the work week.
Will focus on the cultivation of the land, with the turnover of the reservoir or without it.
Russian gardener centuries shovels his allotment twice a year. Autumn rough and deep, spring smaller, breaking clods of frozen during the winter and razboronovyvaya soil. Basic tools — who richly horse plow with harrow, as well — a shovel and a rake.
Gardeners Asia and southern regions prefer to hoe: the nature of a soil, the treatment is without recourse to the reservoir.
But in recent decades have seen the European currents that land for the garden should not have to dig, just loosen. In many ways, it follows from mittlayderovskogo doctrine: for high ridge with artificially prepared soil to dig really is not necessary. Hoe and shovel with a variety of alternate and ploskorez rippers. So who is right? Without giving preference to any of the methods that try to rough understand the advantages and disadvantages of each. And how to be with your garden, let everyone choose their own.
Agree that no new ground not lift a shovel. Plastic wrapping in the fall, we bury sod, and it vyprevayut. With seasonal climate grass roots, once on the surface, freeze slightly. Spring digging smaller, breaking clods.
What are the advantages? It is possible for two seasons to turn the virgin land in the garden. Digging up the soil, willy nilly destroying rhizomes of perennial weeds (complete, of course, do not get rid of, there will always be). In the autumn digging on the surface are carried
overwintering insects, their larvae and eggs — and the winter freeze.
Cons. Work hard, often an elderly person can not afford. Therefore shovel should be on growth, form a bayonet with the nature of the soil, the blade sharply honed. This way of processing means annual application of organic and mineral fertilizers.
On a well-cultivated soils often use a hoe or a chopper. Work less, performance is higher. Working depth less, that means we do not get to the deep-seated pests. But one important point: the treatment is virtually no traffic layer, and what does it mean?
In the fertile soil layer composed some "floors": the top layer of live invertebrates and microorganisms to breathe oxygen. Deeper — microbes do not need it. Result of the activity of both is a natural increase in soil fertility. Turning the soil layers, we all put on their head, and some time at the beginning of the season goes to the fact that monks would soil the house "came to himself." To the detriment of positive soil processes.
So we plowed virgin soil, in the processing of the first year. You can dig traditional garden spade and you can try to abandon this method and go to the loosening.
By subsoiling. Devices for this market garden tools now for every taste, look at the goals and reach. Even in the old days, gardeners always invent something ourselves. In the autumn of unconsolidated deep, it allows the soil in the spring by about 10-15 cm is easier than digging or hoeing. And weeds are fighting with ploskorez.
By this method, I came empirically, his potato field. Tiller roads, and power over the years, the pensioner does not abide. Garden periodicals reading, I realized that not alone.
Potatoes way I process for three years, not digging up their 2.5 weave. I can not say that the yields are better or worse (a little better, probably), but labor costs have decreased significantly, and am making less fertilizer to third. How are you?
After harvesting a heavy rake with rare, long-toothed "scraping" the entire plot. Sow white mustard. When it rises to 10-15 cm, mow her trimmer and then leave. In the spring, so that the earth warmed quickly, cover her old films, pieces of felt, mat — everything is at hand. At the May open my box again loose, foldout lines sprouting potatoes — a number on a number of 70 cm between kartoshinu among 35 see right through the ranks crumbled strip NPK at the rate of a handful per meter, and pushes a rake rows ground. Potato is the crest height of 15-20 cm hill traditionally hoe. Just before the first hilling spend another feeding: directly on the germs, the ridge crumbles rotted chicken manure — a handful per meter.
So, perhaps, there is a sound idea to abandon digging the garden, and another thing, it is not necessary to mindless fanaticism seize new cultural practices or tools. Friable heavy loam, Namuchaetes more than a shovel, or climb with ploskorez the garden, overgrown with thistle, not serious. All define specific conditions. So that "everyone chooses for themselves …"
D. Volkov, gardener