Namely, writes Marat Shibutov, "in oil and gas major investors are: Exxon Mobil Corporation — Oil наикрупнейшая personal company The world. Has 7.5% of the Caspian Pipeline Consortium, has 16.81% role in Kashagan and Tengiz 25%. Chevron — the second-largest South American oil company. Is a shareholder in the Caspian Pipeline Consortium — 15%, has a 50% to 20% of the Tengiz and Karachaganak. ConocoPhillips — one of the big U.S. oil companies. Has 8.4% in Kashagan. Together with JSC "Mubadala Development Company" (UAE) is involved in the exploration and production unit "H" on the shelf of the Caspian Sea (fraction 24.5%)
Separately to say about 3 large deposits that Americans have invested. The Kashagan field (with Oilfield Kayran. Aktoty, Kalamkas-sea) — have common provisions in 5.428 trillion tonnes of oil and 1.688 trillion tons of recoverable oil. The Tengiz field has common supplies 3.1 billion tons of oil, their recoverable amount 0.75-1.1 billion tons of oil. In addition, the field is located next to the Royal with general supplies 188 million tons of oil. The Karachaganak field — common reference supplies are more than 1 billion tons of oil, gas condensate and gas. "
Moreover, according to M.Shibutova, "although at the present time are not controlled by the Yankee deposit account for the bulk of the oil in the Republic of Kazakhstan, in 2020 everything changed. According to forecasts, the extraction of oil and gas condensate production will reach 164 million tons, of which 23.8 million t have to Tengiz, 93.38 million tons — Kashagan (with associated fields), 9.8 million tons will come from Karachaganak. makarom So, just a huge 3 projects in total will 126,980,000 tons of oil and condensate, which will be 77 , 4% of the common Kazakh mining. other words, in the long term, the South American company with the support of the Europeans will actually be one hundred percent to control production of hydrocarbons in Kazakhstan. "
Also, according to M.Shibutov, "separately to emphasize the role of U.S. companies in the Caspian Pipeline Consortium, which, Although not a purely Kazakh company, but is very important for Kazakh oil exports. Soon it will be expanded to 67 million tons of oil year Kazakhstan will be the main export route.
Just for oil and gas companies have come their customer service, which is pretty hard entrenched in Kazakhstan and are involved in large projects. These companies include: Halliburton Company — operating since 1994. She worked for the next big projects — Tengiz (Atyrau region, the company is "TCO"), Dunga (Mangystau region, the company "Maerskoyl"), Kashagan (Northern part of the Caspian Sea, the company "AdzhipKSO") Karachaganak (West Kazakhstan region, the company "Karachaganak Petroleum Operating "). The number of employees in Kazakhstan 1,000. Company Parker Drilling Company International Limited — works Kazakhstan in the 90s, the main project — Kashagan (Northern section of the Caspian Sea, the company "AdzhipKSO"). Baker Hughes Incorporated — working in Kazakhstan since 1998, the main big project — Karachaganak (West Kazakhstan region, the company "Karachaganak Petroleum Operating"). WEUS Holding Inc "
More exciting is the M.Shibutova part of the study, which deals with bit of U.S. companies in the energy sector of Kazakhstan. "In the energy enters the investment group of companies AES. It is actually one hundred percent is controlling power of the East Kazakhstan region — not only through the purchase or construction of new companies, and through the acquisition of companies in control: AES Corporation — Energy company, engaged in the creation of electricity, it rassredotachivaniem and other energy. In Kazakhstan operates a number of energy assets: JSC "AES Ust-Kamenogorsk CHP" — the main source of heat supply of the town of Ust-Kamenogorsk, covers up to 80% loads the housing sector. The annual electricity output 909 million kW / h of heat — 2451 Gcal.; Installed equipment: 9 boilers of 75 t / h to 430 t / h, 8 turbines with capacities from 4 to 100 MW. UK coal-fired thermal power station, is the starting fuel oil. "AES Sogrinskaya CHP" — provides heat and hot water all the south-eastern district of Ust-Kamenogorsk — about 4,000 subscribers village. Bimbo Sogra, Sunny, Rainbow, about 160 consumers of legal entities, as supplies electricity to the JSC "MC Titanium-Magnesium Works" and small industrial enterprises. Electricity supply — 257.3 million kW / h heat output — 316.9 thousand Gcal 3 steam boilers and two steam turbines. Powered by coal, aa pilot fuel — fuel oil. JSC "East Kazakhstan Regional Energy Company" — a single enterprise operating the electric distribution network of regional importance 110-04 kV in the East Kazakhstan region. The area served by the district — 283.3 km2, the number of units serviced — 167.43 PU, length of networks — 35 221 km, from the substation 35 kV and above — 318 units, the number of transformer substations — 6599 pcs. TOO "Shygysenergotrade" — a company come true electricity to customers of the East Kazakhstan region. A subsidiary of JSC "East Kazakhstan Regional Energy Company". The company serves the East Kazakhstan region more than 460 000 customers, among which more than 16 000 — legal entities. JSC "Ust-Kamenogorsk Thermal Network" — company produces district heating Ust-Kamenogorsk. Vacation thermal energy from the collectors own boilers — 115,173 Gcal purchase thermal energy — 2,200,212 Gcal of thermal energy sales — 1,893,137 Gcal. "AES Ust-Kamenogorsk GES" — one of the largest power plants in East Kazakhstan. Hydroelectric dam type, number of units — 4 x 82.8 mW installed (planned) power — 331.2 mW total storage capacity — 660 million m3, the available (actual) capacity — 315 MW, average long-term development of the plant is 1,580 million kW / h, and low water year — 1,200 million kW / h "AES Shulbinskaya power plant" — hydro power plant, part of the Irtysh hydroelectric system. Hydroelectric river bed with a deep spillway, the number of units — 6 x 117 MW installed capacity — 702 MW. "
Agriculture, according Shibutova, "is a tobacco company Philip Morris International, which operates in the Almaty region. Philip Morris International — working in Kazakhstan since 1993, provides both the purchase of tobacco from farmers in Kazakhstan Yenbekshikazakh district of Almaty region, and the creation of cigarettes local raw materials. produces cigarettes 8 international brands (Marlboro, Parliament, Virginia Slims, Muratti, L & M, Bond Street, Next, President) and 6 of Kazakhstan brands (Aster, Prima, Flying, Kazakhstan, the Soyuz-Apollo, Medea.) She holds the control about 40-45% of the tobacco market of Kazakhstan. "
To give the reader more clearly presented itself to the sc
ale of American expansion in Kazakhstan, special cited statistics. According to disk imaging, "trade with the United States is as follows: in 2008 — Kazakhstan's exports amounted to 579.6 million dollars (0.8% of the total), imports amounted to 1.929 billion dollars (5.1% of the total) in 2009 — Kazakhstan exports amounted to 612.6 million dollars (1.4% of the total), imports amounted to 1.392 billion dollars (4.9% of the total) in 2010 — Kazakhstan's exports amounted to 868.1 million dollars (1.5% of total) imports amounted to 1.313 billion dollars (4.3% of the total).
The main items of Kazakhstan's exports are petroleum products, metal products, minerals, chemical products. Kazakhstan imports of U.S. agricultural machinery, electronics, transportation equipment, chemical products, metal products, food, cars, agricultural products.
With regard to direct American investment in our economy, they are at the end of Q3 2011 36,002,000,000 dollars, accounting for 16.4% of total investments. In fact, except for the Netherlands, where it registers its offices to work with Kazakhstan different TNCs, the United States is the leading investor in Kazakhstan. Revolving investment flow medium in size and is about 632.9 million dollars.
U.S. debt of Kazakhstan on September 30, 2011 amounted to 12.548 billion dollars, of which 0.163 billion dollars to Kazakh banks, 11.343 billion dollars of intercompany debt (Kazakh subsidiaries of U.S. companies to their parent company) and 1.043 billion dollars to other institutions. Debt guaranteed by the government of Kazakhstan to the United States at the present time there. "
In the final part of the research analyst comes to the conclusion that "it appears that the United States in the face of their own companies entered into a very basic and the main niche for Kazakhstan: the control of 3 larger and more long-operated oil and gas fields in Kazakhstan, who later formed the main export potential of the country. With all of this South American companies will get a substantial profit — it except for the oil, which can be implemented to anyone, anytime. Control key in the coming years, oil export pipeline. Control of the grid most important industrial region of the country — the East Kazakhstan region, where run fuel pellets for nuclear reactors for military and strategic industry niobium, beryllium, titanium and magnesium.
This strategy deserves great respect, especially given the fact that she was laid in the early 90's, when vkladyvatelny potential of Kazakhstan was still in doubt. Figuratively speaking, the strategy has joined the Yankees before those of the Chinese, their best strategy at the moment, and when the Chinese will go to the Kazakh market, Americans will still be here and they will be fine. "
As reported to IA REGNUM, Marat Shibutov previously performed with bit of market research work in France and China in the structure of Kazakhstan's economy. Also, he said, than have the Russian oligarchs in Kazakhstan.