Archaeologists have proved the existence of the Cossack village of samarium

September 10, 2012 16:30

Judging by the current excavations, Mother of God long before the construction of the fortress in the area was a peaceful settlement.
Archaeologists have proved the existence of the Cossack village of samarium

For 10 years, the permanent mission Laboratory of Archaeology and History Dnepr Dnipropetrovsk them. Honchar holds stationary excavations in the area of the Mother of God of the fortress (near the village of Shevchenko), which originated in the XVII century. And this year, archaeologists have set a goal to prove or disprove the existence in this area "old Cossack town of Samar during trans', the first mention of which dates from the year 1576. In this case, no further evidence of its existence was not.

— Up to now have a copy of ratification of the Polish king Stefan Batory of 1576, given the inhabitants of Samaria — told "KP" Scientific research director Irina Kovaleva. — Original letters has not been seen, so the scientific literature there are discussions about the existence of a genuine document and the town Samari respectively. That's why we decided this time to concentrate their forces on the excavation of the fortress, and the surrounding areas. And as we see — for good reason.

This year's excavations led senior researcher at the Research Laboratory Dnieper Vladimir Shalobudov. He laid the excavation total area of 300 square meters, where objects have been discovered that do not fit into the chronological framework of the existence of a fortress. There are no items related to the military way of life, on the contrary, according to the found, it was a peaceful settlement, which arose over a hundred years before the construction of Mother of God of the fortress.

Archaeologists have proved the existence of the Cossack village of samarium

— Up to now have a copy of ratification of the Polish king Stefan Batory of 1576, given the inhabitants of Samaria — told "KP" Scientific research director Irina Kovaleva. — Original letters has not been seen, so the scientific literature there are discussions about the existence of a genuine document and the town Samari respectively. That's why we decided this time to concentrate their forces on the excavation of the fortress, and the surrounding areas. And as we see — for good reason.

This year's excavations led senior researcher at the Research Laboratory Dnieper Vladimir Shalobudov. He laid the excavation total area of 300 square meters, where objects have been discovered that do not fit into the chronological framework of the existence of a fortress. There are no items related to the military way of life, on the contrary, according to the found, it was a peaceful settlement, which arose over a hundred years before the construction of Mother of God of the fortress.

— The main source is the coins are dated, — explains Vladimir. — The excavation dominated penny sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Thus, of the 94 coins found there are only 6 at the time of the existence of a fortress. There were also a cross XVI — early XVII century, trade seals, tiles from the ovens, glassware, pottery, toys and even a lock of the chest. A very rare find, I would call a plate with the image of angels — of scenes we have not met!

Scientists argue that these and many other findings are conclusive evidence that there was a Cossack settlement here long before the castle and, most of all, it is just the town covered with legends Samaria with relocation.

— Thus, we first answer the question, which is more than a hundred years bedeviled researchers Cossacks — proved the authenticity of diplomas, which refers to an ancient Cossack settlement, — he says. — Second, have proven that top urabanizatsionnogo process in our territory due to Prisamarem which builds a clear line of Samara (XVI-XVII centuries) — Our Lady Castle (end of XVII — beginning of XVIII century) — LOTS I, for which the fortress served as a suburb (fortified suburb).

It should be noted that each season has to fill his mission excavations, because the archaeologists do not have financial possibilities to "preserve". Otherwise threatens the destruction of ancient monuments under the influence of natural factors and the activities of "black diggers".

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