Surprising that tree — birch. Only pripechet for summer sun out of her spare kidney, hidden in the axils of the leaves, roll out faint, fragrant resinous amber beads. They are sticky, and touching them with your finger, we pull out a pretty long thread. Lopnuv, she will leave a trail that will long jets drunk aroma of birch wood. Suddenly you can complain bee. Twisted and seemed perplexed pogudev around you, it will disappear, leaving you to wonder about the purpose of his visit.
These secretions axillary buds in ancient Greece called the "tears" of trees. The observations do show that "cry" not only birch, but even bigger and darker "tears" — handsome poplar and rarer and smaller tears of his cousin — always shy trembling aspen. And then there's "crybaby" in the forest, the same alder, for example, elm, willow, and a resident of the more southern locations — buckeye.
What causes this general summer "weeping" trees and why they amber drops, so nice for our sense of smell, are of interest in bees — the famous sorcerers of the vegetable kingdom? These poeticised beings — in fact strict rationalists: they bring to his city is that benefits the colony.
What ties connect bees "weeping" forest beauties? It turns out: bees are well aware of the tears, drops, rolls on a fine summer days out flakes spare buds of trees. They even have a very strict "roster". Birch "tears" in it, for example, are the highest and most honorable place. And not all tears even the same birch. Chemists have found that their composition is changing, albeit in a strictly regulated limits. Bees clearly prefer the ones that are particularly rich composition: up to 50 connections! Many of them have already been identified by scientists and identified.
Indeed, the droplets were not simple. Many of the compounds are biologically active. Thus, some, terpenes, which form part of the selection, perfumed, this time with negligible concentrations, inhibit the growth of other plant species. Polyphenols, which there very ample, exhibit strong antimicrobial effect, there are those that prevent the attack insect larvae. What comes out — in depth chemical defense of vital centers of plants — his kidneys? It seems so. For greedy microbes, insects, plants competing birch zone "crying" deadly. Belostvolnaya beauty suddenly turns into a kind of upas for those who are full of desire to profit at the expense of its tender leaves, juice or grab a feed its territory. If so, it becomes clear why the "weeping" tree coincides with the warmest days of the year. Population of dangerous microbes and insects at this time the most numerous and the most favorable conditions for reproduction, that is part of the birch reflect their juices to creation of amber drops carrying pest resistance.
And what about the bees? We must give these insects — bees, apparently, and have helped to unravel the mysteries of chemical defense of our forest idols. Millions of years they already collect precious drops, tears flowing from tatty-looking kidney birches, aspens, poplars … Bringing in the hive, they add to them a little bit of wax, his other secrets are not yet fully known, and in the end get the now famous propolis — faithful guardian of the health of bee hail and very useful substance.
Does not it remind you something, this process of nectar collection and its subsequent transformation into a medical mystery — the product is significantly different in composition and quality of the source of nectar? Perhaps, a touch of the bee mystery is even more exciting: for bee propolis preparing essentially conserve medicinal drops seem directly intended by nature for security purposes! And it has something to protect bees in the hive, hundreds of thousands (!) Cell-barrels filled to the brim with honey, in tens of thousands of others — it is tense, "cooking", is filled with thousands of colored pollen — protein feed the family. But the most demanding role meshes which are curled pearl rings, the larvae of bees themselves. Such cells are also thousands. Microbes are particularly dangerous: high humidity temperature nests strictly maintained within 34 … 35. Invisible invaders, of course, is eager for paradise, but … something stops them. No wonder the hive is still synonymous with purity and freshness guarantee made to the products. Long did not lose its healing power and propolis.
It turns out that the tear-drops belostvolnyh birches are another fundamental importance of service, guarding the honey hail from decay, fermentation and any infectious scourge. Bee propolis in the hive cover everything: the honeycomb cell, potolochiny, wall hive pests walled finally add up, they have conducted, and a lot of the reserve. In the form of small hillocks, mounds we find it on the frame, holstinkah, walls.
So, a person inhales the healing aroma of the forest, chewing a piece of amber honeycomb imposes on the sore spot bandage soaked in a solution of bee glue — invisibly present everywhere, we heal and strengthen the subtle smelling "tears" of our eternal green satellites.
Category: Flora and Fauna