December 20, 2011 17:38
Number of amazing prophecies Verne became public property in his unpublished essay "Paris in XX century", whose existence became known a few years ago. The manuscript was found by chance the great grandson of the writer, and this event has become a sensation.
Readers of the novel, composed in 1863, Verne takes the power of imagination in Paris in 1960 and details the things about the invention which in the first half of XIX century, no one guessed: the streets are moving cars (although they have Verne do not operate on gasoline and hydrogen — to preserve the integrity of the environment), criminals are executed by electric chair, and piles of documents passed through the device, it is very similar to modern fax. Probably, these predictions seemed too fantastic publisher Hetzel, and maybe he felt too gloomy affair — one way or another, but the manuscript was returned to the author, and eventually lost among his papers for a half century.
In 1863, the famous French writer Jules Verne, published in the "Journal for education and recreation," the first novel in the series "Extraordinary Voyages" — "Five Weeks in a Balloon." The success of the novel inspired the writer, he decided to continue to work in this "key", accompanying the romantic adventures of their heroes increasingly sophisticated descriptions of unbelievable, but nevertheless well-designed scientific miracles, born of his imagination. The cycle continued the novels "Journey to the Center of the Earth" (1864), "From the Earth to the Moon" (1865), "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea" (1869), "The Mysterious Island" (1874), etc.
Total Jules Verne wrote about 70 novels. In them, he predicted many scientific discoveries and inventions in various fields, including submarines, aqualung, television, and space travel. Jules Verne predicted the practical application of electric motors, electric heaters, electric lamps, speakers, transfer images to a distance of electrical protection of buildings.
The wonderful works of the French writer had for many generations is an important cognitive and educational effect. Thus, in one of the phrases made by science fiction in the novel "Around the Moon" about the fall of the projectile on the lunar surface, the idea was concluded jet propulsion in a vacuum, an idea later developed in the theory of K. Tsiolkovsky. Not surprisingly, the founder of the space more than once: "The desire for space travel is inherent in me, Jules Verne. He awakened brain in that direction. "
JOURNEY TO THE MOON
Space flight in detail, very close to reality, was first described in the writings of Jules Verne "From the Earth to the Moon" (1865) and "Around the Moon" (1870). This famous duologue — an outstanding example of "see through time." It was created 100 years before manned flight around the moon was implemented in practice. But what strikes the most, so it is a surprising similarity between the fictional flight (at Verne — flight projectile "Columbiad") and real (meaning moon Odyssey spacecraft "Apollo-8", which in 1968 made the first manned flight around the moon ).
Both spacecraft — and the literary and real — had crew of three people. Both started in December with the Florida peninsula, the two took to the lunar orbit ("Apollo", however, has made the Moon eight full turns, while its fantastic "precursor" — just one).
"Apollo", circled the moon, with rocket engines back in the opposite direction. The crew of "Columbiad" solved this problem a similar way, using the reactive power … flares. Thus, both the ship with rocket engines switched to the trajectory of the return to splash down again in December in the same area of the Pacific Ocean, and the distance between the points of the splashdown is only 4 km away! Dimensions and weight of the two spacecraft as virtually identical height projectile "Columbiad" — 3.65 m, weight — 5547 kg, height capsules "Apollo" — 3.60 m, weight — 5621 kg.
Great fiction foresaw everything! Even the names of the heroes of the French writer — Barbicane, Nicole and Ardant — in tune with the names of the American astronauts — Borman, Lovell and Anders …