Ancient canoe found catamaran

March 12, 2012 5:44

Ancient canoe found catamaranNine years ago, on the banks of the Oka, on the border between Tula and Kaluga regions of Tula archaeologists found a well-preserved huge, carved out of the old Russian pine bark. Artifact has been split into two parts. In March-month restoration works planned to be completed, after which the find can be seen in the Novgorod Museum.

In the spring of 2010 the restoration of unique find engaged to order the state museum-preserve "Kulikovo Field" (Tula) staff workshop on the restoration of archaeological wood State Museum. The exact date carved into the trunk of the tree is very difficult to identify a boat.

"He dated the X century. He is long and narrow, so we assume that this is part of the catamaran, "- said in an interview to" maintain "the studio head for the restoration of archaeological wood Novgorod State United Museum Larissa Kokutsa.

To place two pieces of the ship, length of 6.7 meters and a width of 70 centimeters, was demolished inside wall restoration workshop. If an exhibit is necessary to turn have to invite strong men. Painstaking work of restorers returned canoe former appearance. Inside of the boat was left in its original form, and below — Level the surface and for the strength of the cavity in the wood pulled the rock from a special mastic adhesive restoration and wood flour.

Fully work on the restoration of ancient canoe will end in March, but as long as the Tula museum workers have nowhere to store a unique find. For two years, the artifact will remain in the museum of Novgorod.

The Original Old Russian word cheln, chelon (ship, boat), is used in the XI century. Canoe hollowed out or burn out from a tree trunk. This vehicle eastern Slavs actively used until the end of the XV century.

Our ancestors burned dead by erecting mounds over them. With the adoption of Christianity, the body began to betray the dead land. Very rarely used another way — the corpse was placed in a canoe or trough and sent down the river. This canoe was called Nav.

Ancient canoe found catamaranOr from the Vikings, and can be, and the Tschudi in Novgorod became acquainted with the ship called shkoya. This type of vessel and the word itself did not last long but the last came another more known word ushkuy (river rowing sailing pram in the XIII-XV centuries). Eyelet used both military and commercial vessels, but they are required to its glory ancient Russian River Pirates ushkuyniki.

Typically, eyelet made of pine. Kiel hew one barrel and was a board, over which is superimposed wide board. She has served as the basis for the outer skin belts.
Hiking ushkuyniki — Novgorod freemen — began at the end of XIII century. The first major campaign refers to 1320, during the war with the Swedes Novgorod. Luke Varfolomeevich squad was on the Northern Dvina in the White Sea, then in the Arctic Ocean and devastated the region Finmarnen, located on the southern shore of the Varanger Fjord to the area of the modern Norwegian city of Tromso.

If you search for the vessel is presumed to include all the same to the tenth century, it should be noted that the original Russian navigators sailed in boats, carved from a single large trunk stuffed with paddles on the sides. The Greeks called them monoksilo Constantinople and claimed that the fleet consisted of such ruses odnodrevok. However, the Slavs and Scandinavians in X-XI centuries were also keel and flat-bottomed vessels constructed of planks. Which was confirmed by archaeological excavations.

Forty years ago in Staraya Ladoga in the archaeological layer beginning of the tenth century found a fragment of a flat side of the vessel length 14.3 meters, consisting of three boards held together frames. Viking ships were even more. However, they were universal — they were used for the river, and sea travel. And our ancestors, not often goeth to sea trips, the Giants had no use — with river navigation smaller vessel, the easier to manage.
It should be noted that archaeologists had never found in Russia remains catamarans. None of them mentioned in the sources. Therefore Tula find became a kind of a sensation — it will help shed light on the earliest stages of the development of ancient shipbuilding.

Igor Booker

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