History of Santa Claus

December 23, 2011 18:47

Father Frost (Frost) — a powerful Russian pagan God character of Russian legends, Slavic legends — the personification of Russian winter frosts, a blacksmith, a chilling ice water, generously showered winter nature snow sparkling silver, giving joy of winter festivities, and, where appropriate, in a heavy hour protect Russian from advancing enemies frozen into the ice hitherto unprecedented winter chill, from which begins to break down iron.

Under the influence of Christianity, brutally and bloodily fought with Slavic paganism, the original image was distorted Snow Grandfather (and all other Slavic gods), and Jack Frost came to represent evil and cruel pagan deity, the Grand Old Man of the North, the lord of the icy cold and blizzards, frost people. This is reflected in Nekrasov's poem "Frost — Red Nose", where the frost kills the forest poor young peasant widow, leaving her young orphaned children.

The weakening of the influence of Christianity in Russia in the late XIX — early XX century, the image of Jack Frost became soften. Santa Claus first appeared on Christmas Day in 1910, but did not become widespread.

In Soviet times, was distributed to the new image of Santa Claus: he was a child of the New Year, and gave gifts, the image created by Soviet filmmakers in the 1930s.

In December 1935, Stalin's associate, member of the Presidium of the USSR Central Executive Paul Postyshev published in the newspaper "Pravda" article, which proposed a children's New Year's celebration. In Kharkov, organized children's Christmas party. Some modern historians of illiterate accused Stalin of inconsistency for the fact that he did not destroy Santa Claus, as Santa Claus, according to them, "child god".

On holiday comes with its divine granddaughter — the Snow Maiden. Modern collective image of Santa Claus was built based on the hagiography of St. Nicholas, as well as descriptions of the Ancient gods Pozvizda, winter roads and Korochuna. Unfortunately, all of the ancient myths and legends of the Slavs were destroyed after the forced Christianization, because of the old Slavic beliefs and traditions we know almost nothing is known.

The peculiar nature of the interpretation of Christianity pagan deities (religious rivals of Christianity, even loved by the people, which the clergy were certainly very angry and violent) behavior caused inspires churchmen Santa — after the introduction of Christianity in Russia, he began to collect the sacrifice — to steal naughty children and take them to bag. This interpretation allows the church to inspire childhood rejection of pagan gods.

However, over time, with the introduction of restrictions uncompromising ideology of Christianity and the spread of the later post-Christian humanistic traditions, especially after the final ban Christians burn people at the stake (in the first quarter of the XIX century), Santa Claus to present Russian mellowed and became the very bestow children.

This image was finalized in the USSR: The ancient Slavic god Santa Claus has become a symbol of the people's favorite holiday — New Year, which replaced the Christmas holiday.

Professional holiday Santa Claus celebrated on the last Sunday of August.

Recently birthday Russian Santa Claus was announced on 18 November — according to many years of meteorological observations in the day in most of Russia lies steady snow. But this is no more than the current Russian commercial initiative. Of course, the great Slavic gods, there can be a "birthday", because they are eternal and originated in the minds and beliefs of the people in the days of early Paleolithic early post-glacial period, and possibly earlier.

Traditions

Santa Claus — our favorite Slavic God and fabulous magician. From small to large, from one end to the Russian land everyone knows him.

From the ancient pre-Christian times in pagan Slavs Santa Claus — the divine lord winter cold, snow, wind, frozen rivers and snow drifts. Initially, it was presented as a powerful old man of great height with a long gray beard. Harsh winters in the understanding of our ancient Slavic ancestors, were the work of an old man with a stick. He was seen as a powerful wizard with the trying nature.

And now we love him winter patterns on the windows. He, of course, not changed his staff and in his beard still lives snowstorm. All too powerful elder binds ice river and laid impassable drifts.

In the wardrobe of Santa's coat Dolgopolov in three colors: white, blue and red, the gray-haired head Boyar hat decorated with colorful crystals in his hands he holds a staff and a bag of gifts. In the old tradition, he moved to the top three gorgeous white horse, symbolizing the three winter months. Administer good deeds helps Santa Claus to his divine granddaughter — The Snow Maiden. As all the gods and magicians, Santa Claus can punish the evil and dishonest actions of the heroes of fairy tales, as well as help in the most desperate moment.

Unlike traditional in Northern Europe Snow Queen, Jack Frost multiplies his magic power, not freezing people of heart, but rather warming them with his love. Santa Claus is always giving the opportunity to correct the mistake the other characters, and the Snow Queen had nothing helps the heroes of fairy tales. Having the same force in the freezing of all life on earth, they are quite different in temperature and the kindness of their hearts. The heart of the Snow Queen — a piece of ice, and the Russian Santa Claus brings us this good warmth of their ancient pagan Slavic soul, that it can be compared only with the warmth of the sun.

Significant differences between our ancient Slavic Santa Claus from Western St. Nicholas (Santa Claus, Santa Claus). Santa Claus is quite strict, but fair, as will your loved Slavic God. And Santa Claus greatness is not in sight. And how could it be otherwise?

You can imagine the European Santo in a remote Russian village? Submit Santo, who holds down the ice on the rivers? Frosty the Snowman is paving the way to travelers? A trained snowdrifts? Which comes under the most difficult circumstances, his losing power to the people to help and hitherto unprecedented cold weather frozen into the ice and turns to dust invincible army invaders, as he made with the army of Napoleon, and Hitler's army at Moscow and Stalingrad? Of course not! Because our great Russian pagan God Father Christmas is always with us, no matter what may try to force the clergy to erase it from our Russian soul.

A Santa Claus — just a Western businessman and businessman, he is filming a commercial "Coca-Cola" already since 1931. Our mighty Father Christmas, in contrast to its western neighbor, gives gifts is for all children, not just those who are well-behaved. And the size of the generous gifts of Santa Claus are not limited to the size of socks, in which Santa Claus puts his gifts. Broad and generous soul of our beloved Slavic God of Santa Claus. Good and perfect his divine granddaughter Snegurochka.

And every New Year's gift, left under the Christmas tree for the kids and adults, increasing the power of Santa Claus and increases good on earth.

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