Singing Fingals Cave

March 7, 2012 16:54

This famous sea cave is located on a small island of Staffa, which lies at the Scottish coast of Great Britain. At length the island has only one kilometer and a mile wide. Endless rain and the waves were drilled on this small piece of land a system of caves. The biggest of them was named after the giant Fingal — Irish hero of the epic.

Isle of Staffa — the smallest island, part of the Inner Hebrides. An area of only 33 hectares, and the highest point above sea level rises by 42 m Island became famous in 1722, when he visited the famous English naturalist Dzhazef Banks (1743 — 1820), who described Fingal's Cave.

One of the most striking features of the island of Staffa, which immediately catches the eye, is a natural basalt columns, surprisingly correct form. Most of the columns have a 6-point form, but there are three-sided and 8-sided. This unusual form they have earned through a long process of crystallization of volcanic lava.

The main hall of Fingal's Cave has a length of 75 m, a width of 20 m and a height of 14 meters Gaelic is the cave called Ouham-Bin (Cave tunes). Named in honor of the epic hero Fingal (Finn McCool) cave was the Scottish poet James Macpherson. According to Irish legend giant Fingal built causeway linking Scotland and Ireland.
In Fingal's Cave is a narrow path, surrounded by magnificent basalt colonnade. Passage into the cave is so narrow that to get there by boat impossible.

Great hall of the cave several times repeats the sounds of the surf and the whole cave literally sings, justifying its ancient name Uamh-Binn — "Singing cave".

After in 1722 the naturalist Joseph Banks described Fingal's Cave, was visited by Queen Victoria, Walter Scott, William Wordsworth, John Keats, Alfred Tennyson, and Jules Verne himself. In 1832, the artist Joseph Turner wrote a landscape in which imprinted now famous cave.

When the composer Felix Mendelssohn (author of the famous Wedding March) in 1829, visited the cave, he was so impressed by the amazing play of its echo in the halls, it inspired him to create the overture called "The Hebrides or Fingal's Cave."
Fingal (the name translates as "The White Wanderer") — one of the favorite characters of Celtic epic. According to one legend, he going to fight the formidable giant Benandonnerom, built a huge bridge-dam, and lay down to rest before the battle. While he slept, the giant in search of the enemy himself came over the bridge to his house. But the wife of Fingal Unah deceived giant. She pointed to the sleeping Fingal, covered with a blanket, and said that it was his newborn son, and that of the house is out of Fingal. Seeing the giant "baby", the giant felt such terror that began to run, for destroying a dam.

There are several versions of the legend, but every time it ends cowardly fleeing enemy Fingal and the destruction of the dam. Magnificent basalt columns, according to legend, — the remains of piles driven into the bottom of the Irish Sea Fingal.

Fingal's Cave — is not the only place where there are such amazing basalt columns. About 40 000 of them related to each other form the pillars of the Giants Road (which was also part of the dam, built Fingal) in the coastal strip of the county of Antrim, in the north-east of Ireland.

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