November 15, 2011 9:45
Of the 39 vehicles that started the "red planet" for 50 years of its development efforts, most of the missing
November 10 online U.S. Strategic Command was reported that the Russian automatic interplanetary station (AWS) "Phobos-Grunt", emergency hovering after starting to Mars in Earth orbit, could fall to Earth November 26, 2011.
The Russian Defense Ministry promised to submit the data of the Russian space control system with respect to the orbit of the AMC and the possible scenarios of further flight if the MCC remotely attempt to correct the situation fail.
In any case there is an emergency start flying. This is not the exception but rather the contrary — a sad rule.
Mars exploration program is a headache from the start. The first flight ends immediately after the start. October 10, 1960 started mezhplanentny probe "Mars 1960a." But on the same day due to a failure in the control system was off the engine, and he fell to the ground. October 24, 1962 at accelerating trajectory exploded next probe — "Mars 1962a." A similar fate befell the tip "Mars1962V." Launched on November 1, 1962 AMC "Mars-1" successfully took off, but at the approach to the "red planet" it lost contact, the fate of the station is unknown. Three subsequent run again ended crashes immediately after the start.
Finally, December 2, 1971 at 16 hours 47 minutes Moscow time the spacecraft "Mars 3" was the first person in the history of mankind a soft landing on the Martian surface. At 16:50:35 begun streaming Video from a camera CA. Transmission lasted 20 seconds and abruptly stopped. Interpretation of the information obtained did not yield. No more signals lander not let on. Orbiting satellites transmit data to Earth until August 1972 (by the way, the Americans managed to make a soft landing on Mars is only 20 August 1975).
The U.S. program for Mars exploration is also beginning to fail. Several U.S. stations exploded, some "do not fall into Mars" and went to an orbit near.
Overall statistics is as follows: of the 39 satellites launched to date to Mars, 21 died (11 — Soviet Union and the Russian Federation, 8 — USA, 1 — Japan, 1 — England), 9 lost in space because of navigation errors (3 — USSR, 6 — U.S.), others — flight tasks accomplished, but not completely.
In comparison, no less complex Venusian program is limited to the Soviet Union lost only one of 19 stations running, about the same stats and the United States.
Mars stubborn unwillingness to accept even the earthly messengers generated the hypothesis that some forces (on Earth or in space) hinder investigation of the "red planet" is probably hiding there something that we do not need to know. With all the fantastic this assumption, there are many facts that "play" on this version.
(In the case of the current emergency situation in the AMC "Phobos-Grunt", of course, it would be ridiculous to look for the perpetrators of some unknown forces. Here, most likely, it could be the loss of qualified professionals as a result of "reforms", the lack of funding or "misuse" the use of funds — the investigation will show).
Why lose contact
Almost all "udavshiesya" missions to Mars have enough countries to continue: if someone has hindered research. For example, the station "Mars 5" successfully entered Mars orbit on 12 February 1974. However, immediately after that on telemetry data, information was received of the sudden depressurization of the unit of scientific equipment. So hastily began implementation of the scientific program. The station was transferred phototelevision images of the Martian surface with a resolution of 100 meters. And with a total stock of 960 staff managed to get only 5 telepanoram. Recent communications with the AMC, which was transferred to pilot film of Mars, on 28 February 1974. After that, because of the pressure drop below the minimum level is virtually no scientific information from the station "Mars-5" have been reported.
To "Mars-6" scientific radiosystem refused, but telemetry system going. March 12, 1974 CA "Mars 6" made a soft landing in the southern hemisphere (24 ° w. W., And 25 ° W). Just before boarding relationship with CA has been lost. Uniquely determine the cause of a failed landing and failed.
American Mars Polar Lander also had to land in the southern hemisphere in the southern polar cap, in less than 1000 miles from the South Pole, near the border caps of frozen carbon dioxide. Last telemetry with the spacecraft was sent before entering the atmosphere 3 December 1999. No more signals from the spacecraft was received. Cause of loss of communication is still unknown.
Station Deep Space 2 (DS2), consisting of two probes to penetrate the surface of Mars, near the southern polar cap and obtain data on the characterization of the subsurface layer, also failed. Probes closer to the point of intended landing, but with no apparent reason had lost contact, and the mission is a failure.
That happened before the loss of contact, we can assume, based on information about the death of the Soviet space station Phobos-2. In 1989, the first attempt was made to deliver the landers on the surface of Phobos — Mars satellite. A few seconds before the abyss, Phobos-2 transmitted to Earth obscure footage. They could see a huge object in the shape of a spindle, which is rapidly moving. This video session nearly blew up the world of science. Many scholars, especially ufologists have made the assumption that the relationship with the stations is interrupted by the impact of the representatives of a civilization, which in this case would probably be on a spindle-ship.
Subsequently, the flames fanned photos mysterious Martian sites. One of them is in the form of a human face and was photographed more July 25, 1976 orbiter "Viking-1", and a few days later, NASA released information about the discovery on Mars formation resembling a human head. More detailed images were obtained in April 1998, on board the spacecraft Mars Global Surveyor. "Face on Mars" was the subject of great controversy, there was even a hypothesis about its artificial origin. Many Martian structures are interpreted by some enthusiasts as artificial landscapes: the pyramids, the ruins of the ancient city. Any idea of the existence on Mars in the ancient advanced civilization.
At the thought of this brings another gem. In 1998, researchers Efreyn Palermo and Len Fleming in pictures (SPS252603 and SPS252603), transferred the probe Mars Global Surveyor, found on Phobos-like object either on the stove, or the tower, or the dome height of about 76 meters. They called it the "Monolith". The researchers are inclined to believe that this man-made object.
The representative of the Canadian Space Agency Dr. Alan Hildebrandpointedly told reporters: "If we get to that" Monolith ", then fly somewhere else, may not need to." By the way, are sent to the area of Phobos machines are lost one by one. That's an automatic interplanetary station "Phobos-Grunt" was to carry out landing on the satellite of Mars, which is now unlikely. Therefore, to solve the riddle of "Monolith" Earthlings probably will not for a long time.
Opinion astronaut number 2
At the time, I was lucky to get the last interview Gherman Stepanovich Titov. We are talking about Mars. Here is an excerpt a recording:
— Do you think there is a prospect of a manned mission to the planet?
— In my opinion, the technical challenges for the expedition to, say, Mars does not exist. If some technical issues to be resolved and it is clear how to solve them. So, the question is to find enough resources to create appropriate technical means to ensure such a flight. And I am convinced that it must be an international program. Because such global problems spread fingers will not solve.
— Why, of all the planets you choose for the expedition is Mars?
— Conditions on Mars, we are more or less clear. Pressure on the surface of Mars is about how we at an altitude of 15 kilometers. Relief similar to the Mars moon. And then eternally intriguing question: is there life on Mars?
— By the way, how do you answer it?
— My long-standing hypothesis is that we came from Mars. He once got a great atmosphere and lose the question arose: where to move? Looked Martians — Earth more or less suitable. And so they created space ships and moved to earth … When we arrival at Mars, we find there traces of their ancestors. I think this is going to happen around 2015. Unless, of course, the world will be peace and cooperation.
And then the German Stepanovich said seemed to me to a strange phrase:
— And if we allow … "