All continents will merge again in Pangaea

12.01.2005

12.01.2005


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In the recent, in geological terms, the future, all the continents and islands of the Earth can merge. The recent earthquake in Southeast Asia proves that the continents gradually approach each other, and after 250 million years, all the continents of the Earth "unite" in a single continent — Pangaea. So says the American scholar Chris Skotiz of Arlington University.

Once upon a time at the dawn of the history of the Earth has already been a unified continent, which then split the numerous earthquakes. Scientists say this with reasonable certainty. "Look at the outline of Africa and South America — if they join, they will develop as the pieces of the puzzle, they are perfect for each other," — says Skotiz. Also, the existence of Pangea, from geological exploration and discovery of fossils.

Now scientists say that the section of the continents once again seek to "unite." For example, the last 40 million years, Africa is closer, "crawling" to Europe. This process causes the growth of the Alps and the Pyrenees, as well as serious earthquakes in Italy, Greece and Turkey. Also, scientists have concluded that the last few million years, the Mediterranean Sea is rapidly shrinking in size: it was once a vast ocean, and now only a small sea.

Of course, the computer models on which to base Skotiz, are based on a number of assumptions, but the scientist believes that the trend is obvious. Australia is gradually moving to the South-East Asia and North America after some millions of years can become part of a single Europe-African-Asian monolith.

Public interest in such a sluggish geological processes caused the latest monstrous earthquake in Southeast Asia. According to geologists, like "shake" in the history of the Earth there were already a few million times. Strong earthquakes are just the indicators of "drift" of continents toward each other.

For example, an earthquake on December 26, in the literal sense of the word has changed the map of the world. The quake force in more than 9 points was so strong that it shook the earth's axis and changed the map of Asia, "sliding the" number of islands in Sumatra, according to U.S. geophysics.

The earthquake, whose epicenter was located 250 km to the southeast of Sumatra, could "move" located nearby small islands, according to an expert of the American Geological Institute, Ken Hadnut. "Based on the seismic model, we can say that the smallest of the islands located to the south-west coast of Sumatra, could move to 20 m to the south-west, which is a significant shift," — he explained. The north-western tip of the Indonesian island of Sumatra could also move to the south-west by about 36 meters NEWSru.com reports citing CNN.

11.01.2004

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