Icebreakers and gas carriers will go to the forefront
Domestic factories are able to provide Russian shipowners fivefold increase their orders for naval vessels. This calculation provided the experts at the "round table" in the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation in the discussion of the state program "Development of the shipbuilding industry."
The draft state program of development of Russian shipbuilding 2030 Ministry of Industry has prepared. Its total funding of about 1.3 trillion rubles. The first program focuses on the development of the defense industry and in civil shipbuilding emphasis on offshore projects and the construction of ice-class vessels. Thus, the main beneficiary of the program will be a state-owned United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC).
According to the deputy director of the Department of the shipbuilding and marine equipment industry Russian Industry and Trade Ministry Andrei Kurasova, Russian shipowners annually place orders abroad for the construction of ships, worth about $ 1 billion. The share of Russian shipyards in the volume of orders was in the last 10 years, a little more than six percent. Although the technical capabilities of the Russian shipbuilding industry, it would be about 30%. However, according to experts of the Ministry, the situation in the industry is improving, reducing the backlog of Russia's leading naval powers, but mainly due to military orders. As for naval shipbuilding, here Russia ranks 2nd behind the U.S..
Speaking of civilian products, the speaker emphasized the need for new types of ships and marine technology to meet the country's Arctic. Russia's demand for ice-breakers up to 2020 is estimated at 26 units (including one nuclear capacity of 110 MW and five 60 MW) in tankers — up to 230 pieces, gas carriers — about 40 pieces. The total need in the art for the development of the shelf is about 130 units. In general, Russia's demand for civil marine engineering Minpromtorgom estimated 1.4 thousand ships.
Russia has nearly 40 thousand kilometers of sea border, 100 thousand km of inland waterways. A large share of foreign trade is by sea. Up to 25% of the world's hydrocarbon reserves are located on the Russian shelf. Therefore, the shipbuilding industry to a large extent determines the national security state in all spheres of Russian maritime activities, including defense, transportation, food, energy and technology.
The program is planned for the 18-year period. During this time, conditions will be created for the development of promising technologies in the field of marine engineering, will prepare the necessary skilled personnel, which will consolidate the industry enterprises. It is planned to reach the level of advanced countries in the shipbuilding quality products and provide the necessary investment attractiveness of the domestic shipbuilding industry. By 2030, promised to triple the output of civilian products of Russian shipbuilding, increase productivity and update more than half of the fixed assets of the industry shipbuilding (shipyards).
Andrew Kurasov informed the meeting that the process of developing the document is currently in the final stage. Several times discussed the project with the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economic Development and with other departments and changed its variants. Were some limitations in terms of funding.
During the discussion of 17 experts — scientists, industrial managers and representatives of non-governmental organizations expressed their proposals to refine and improve the draft state program of development of the shipbuilding industry.
General Director of Central Research Institute "Course" Lion Kliachko in his speech said that the development of the state program of development of the shipbuilding industry is entering its final phase. As requested by the Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, Ministry of Industry shall ensure payment to the government apparatus of the state program of the project in September.
Vice Rector Bauman. Bauman Eugene Starozhuk noted that the presented project is a development concept that ensures the formation of advanced scientific and technological potential, an important component in the civil shipbuilding. In particular, Eugene Starozhuk said: "One set of tasks that are largely interdisciplinary, organic and logical restores cooperation between science, industry, industry enterprises and academic, university science. This cooperation leads to the fact that future engineers, students learn from actual samples at the same time participating in scientific work, to meet current engineering problems. " But, he said, is much more difficult time — the question of providing engineering personnel are not resolved and is not reflected in the document.
According to a member of the Bureau of the Central Council of the Russian Engineering, Chairman of the All-Russian movement Mikhail Nenashev fleet support for the successful implementation of the program, you must first create the appropriate social atmosphere.
"Enough to make profit only on the fact that our ancestors 300-500 years ago joined the earth, and we have swing. Lets create something with his hands and his head — called Mikhail Nenashev. — As a consequence of this, you should ask the business community , whether the business is willing to invest in the development of Russian industry. "
Nenashev also drew attention to the fact that the state program does not contain any item on the situation around Russia's accession to the WTO. In addition, the paper went around the issue of river and sea passenger transport. In conclusion, he suggested that a Russian shipbuilder's Day, as well as to attract young people to organize regular youth competition for ship modeling. Following the meeting of the "round table" was decided as a whole to approve the draft of the state program, but at the same time take into account all the comments expressed by the public and demand.