Jupiter — a planet or star?

April 2, 2012 10:59

Everyone has long known that our solar system consists of nine planets, the largest of which is Jupiter. He was almost twice as massive as all the other planets combined. This is the second brightest planet after Venus. But Jupiter, in contrast to Venus, which can be observed only in the morning and evening, the night shining bright. Because of its majestic, slow movement among the stars the ancient Greeks called this planet where the supreme god Zeus. This is the most impressive, the most powerful planet.

Since ancient times began the study of Jupiter as a planet. For example, it is in the Mesopotamian culture called "Mulu-Babbar," which means "star, the sun." The theory of the apparent motion of the planet for the first time tried to explain to the Babylonians, connecting the planet with the god Marduk. In terms of research and development of the world a revolution has occurred in the first half of the 17th century. Jupiter was the first planet that has opened a satellite. Galileo in 1610, watching through a telescope, saw four stars near Jupiter. After observing the planet for some time, the scientist concluded that he had discovered the moons of Jupiter, which revolved around him. Jupiter is really a huge planet. But if the planet?

In the Galilean era believed that Jupiter forms together with his companions small system of Jupiter and is the second star in the solar system. Larger than Jupiter in our solar system, only the Sun. Some astronomers at the beginning of this century, believed that Jupiter emits its own light, and behaves like the sun. We now know that it is not. But Jupiter is in some ways more like a star than a planet. It is mainly composed of hydrogen. It has a powerful magnetic field, emits radio waves, X-rays and heat. All of this is inherent in the stars. So, maybe, Jupiter is the star, not a planet?

The very question at first seems absurd. However, an employee of the Rostov State University, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics A. Suchkov once it has been hypothesized that made take a fresh look at many of the immutable tenets. Knots come to the conclusion that the planet has a source of nuclear energy. And science knows that planets such sources should not be. And though they can be seen in the night sky, but they are different from stars such as lower weight and size, and the nature of compatibility. Radiation from all stars is a result of the internal energy, which arises in the course of the processes taking place in their interiors. A planet only reflect the sun's rays carrying energy. They, of course, return to the space of only a portion of the received energy — in the universe is also not one hundred percent efficiency. But, according to the latest data, Jupiter radiates energy, which is significantly higher than the energy sent by the sun. How to explain it?

The planet is a violation of the law of conservation of energy. And for a star — no. Power radiation from the star is determined mainly domestic sources of energy. Ie such sources is Jupiter? What then are they like? And where they are — on the surface, in the atmosphere? This is excluded because the make-up of the atmosphere of Jupiter — there are no such sources. Excluded as an option and with a surface — Jupiter is too far from the Sun, so we can not talk about his over-heated shell. There is only one option — to excess radiation sources are in its depths. It is assumed that the energy that feeds the excess radiation, appears in the fusion reaction, accompanied by the release of an enormous amount of heat. This reaction begins at about the center of Jupiter. However, during the motion of the particles of carrier power to the outer shell of the energy from one species changes into another. Therefore, on the surface there is the usual radiation. Usual name for the star.

But not only the enormous temperature at the center of Jupiter speaks in favor of the "star" of the hypothesis, but the rate at which energy is released. It is for this data is calculated the total time during which, from the very inception of the planet, is a thermonuclear reaction. As it turned out, she had to go to billions of years. In other words, hundreds of times more than the current age of any of the planets in the solar system, including Jupiter. This suggests that Jupiter is warming up.

Every second Sun sends huge amounts of energy into space. Except that energy and matter are also sent as a stream of protons and electrons — the so-called solar wind. This substance is dispersed throughout the solar system. In this case, where the particles-energy go? Giant Jupiter captures a significant part of them. This increases its mass, which is essential in order to become a "full-fledged" star. Besides Jupiter, capturing these particles increases its energy. The result is that the sun helps to turn Jupiter into a star.

Mass of Jupiter with three billion years is comparable to the mass of the Sun. And then there will cataclysm — solar system, where billions of years dominated by the Sun, become a binary system. At the moment it is difficult to imagine what the consequences may lead the formation of the second star. But one thing is clear — the state of the solar system will undergo significant changes. First of all, the trajectory of the planet violated. It is likely that the Earth and Venus will gravitate to different periods of time is to the Sun, Jupiter. And what happens to Mars, Jupiter's closest neighbor? He fully enters into the power of Jupiter, or at least partially under the influence of the sun will be? Perhaps, the new system will be a double. In the universe there are binary stars that rotate around a common center of mass. And tending to them cosmic particles have two poles of attraction. Besides the double stars in the universe is much more than individuals. Therefore, single, like the sun, are just rare. Not excluded the option that gives rise to two separate systems instead of the existing one. How do you allocate the planet between them? All these questions remain unanswered. It is also unknown, and it is true whether Jupiter is a future star?

After all, there is also a hypothesis that Jupiter — is extinguished once the star. This hypothesis is very popular today. Proponents of this hypothesis does not rule out the possibility that humanity caught a miracle. Because many of the people mentioned in the myths of what they had seen two suns in the sky.

Jupiter resembles a miniature solar system with its many moons. Revolve around the rather large "planet", some of which are covered with a thick layer of ice. For example, Europe, which was soon going to look for life. If Jupiter was once a star, then Europe could be frozen world, but quite alive. Maybe there once lived intelligent beings? Europe on the earth's gravity is much less. But the surprising thing is just the fact that we are at present poorly adapted to gravity — make money from her vessel inflammation, varicose veins, if dropped from a height of two meters — breaking bones. Our skin is hard to tolerate scorching rays of the sun. And Jupiter — Low Sun — would come at the time.

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