The role of small business in the performance of the state defense order
The Ministry of Defense are two municipal programs from small businesses to verbovaniya defense orders. SBIR (Small Business Innovation Research) — «Small Innovative Business" and STTR (Small Business Technology Transfer) — «The transfer of technology to small business." In January 2012, U.S. President Barack Obama is re-issued a law on the financing of the yearly SBIR and STTR programs, the size of about 2.5 billion. dollars over 6 years. With the SBIR and STTR programs, U.S. federal agencies to help small businesses to conduct research and development to bring the best innovations to market. The role of small business is divided into these programs distributed into three phases: research, development, kommersalizatsiya. This long-law for another six years to provide certainty and stability of the U.S. Small Business Administration and the creation of new jobs. Specifically, the results of rapid deployments Innovative Small Business SBIR and STTR programs when put the United States in the advanced countries of the world in the military field. Securing U.S. competitiveness in the global market.
South American TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT Innovations
Applets SBIR and STTR — programs from this government of the United States, a government agency that coordinates the Small Business Administration (SBA). It focused extra-budgetary funds of 2.5% of the total research budgets of all federal agencies, with the possibility of a mobile outright grants to bring in a small business. Typically, at the yearly reports more than half of the funds belong to the companies with the least number of 25 people, and the third part — at the office with the least number of 10 people. 13% of the total number of companies — new, for the first time received grants from various fronts. 7% of the companies belong to the ladies.
The State Small Business Development began in the U.S. in 1982 with the adoption of emergency law verbovanii small business to federal research. According to a report by Rep. Sam Graves — chairman of the House Small Business Congress of that year, the law has three main goals: to stimulate technological innovation in the small business sector, satisfaction of research and development by the federal government and the federal funds kommersalizatsiya investment. The Act is sometimes extended by Congress.
SBIR The program was created in order to support the scientific advantages in technological innovation through investing federal funds research in a critical priority for the Yankees directions of the state of the economy. The program SBIR, in the words of its founder Roland Tibbets, "is intended to provide funding for the most best looking, Innovative thoughts still on their stage of early, but very risky for private investors with their venture capital."
In the program SBIR term "small business"Is defined as a non-profit business enterprises owned by one or more individuals who are citizens or foreigners living unchanged in the United States.
In the program established SBIR grants to promote the idea of a three-phase.
First phase (startup — initial step) are given grants of up to $ 100 thousand for the study of the technical advantages, abilities ideas or technology. At 6 months it is available.
The second phase occurs only for those companies that have distinguished themselves and be understood by the results of the first phase of research. They issued a grant of up to $ 1 million for two years to continue the development of ideas on the results of the first phase. Carried out development work and evaluation of the potential commercialization of ideas by the developer. When all this is no requirement — the availability of licenses, the presence of the military office, the system properties, and accounting for development are not established. The market chooses himself what he needs.
The third phase is created for the effort when innovation moves from the laboratory to the marketplace. No additional resources for this programm SBIR does not evolve and does not. Small business must find funding in a private sector or in other agencies of the federal funding. In 2010, programmke SBIR 11 federal departments and agencies of the United States, including the Ministry of Defense, the National Aeronautics and Exploration gallakticheskogo space (NASA), Public Safety has provided more than $ 2 billion. dollars in grants and contracts to small businesses for innovation leading to commercialization. Only the U.S. Department of Defense through the SBIR-funded small business programs at 1 billion. After the U.S. role in the SBIR companies have their own idea as intellectual property and have all the rights to commercialize.
In financing the SBIR and STTR programs are also involved Agency Defense Advanced Research Projects (DARPA), Missile Defense Agency.
Such programm STTR uses a similar approach to improve public-private partnership between small business and research institutes and institutions of the United States, which must allocate 0.3% of its own funds to finance small businesses.
Let us consider the U.S. Navy. In 1996, Americans were concerned about the hidden breakthrough low-noise Russian submarine "Tiger" 971 project to the shores of America. On this occasion, a special commission was created Chiefs of Staff, the U.S. DoD, and almost immediately accepted programm modernize the U.S. Navy sonar US Navy SBIR — ARCI (Acoustical Rapid COTS-Insertion — accelerated modernization programm Navy sonar technology through the introduction of information technology civilian use) forces small business program there SBIR. COTS-technology — an affordable and comfortable technological computer database using open information technology, flexibly changed their methods of treatment in use. At present sonar system of a new nuclear submarine of the U.S. Navy of the "Virginia" — a COTS — computer-integrated command and control of the submarine.
But back to the small business. South American military sailors rushed quickly to solve the problem only with a small business on a regular cause of the defects of funds for modernization spirited, small business and their rescued. Now it is clear that in this way the Americans have reduced the price of upgrading their own sonar detection of eight. A low-noise detection effect boats increment of 10. Now the U.S. Navy began to unite all network communications in an integrated system of example programs from ARCI sonar own small business.
At the moment, the U.S. Armed Forces are shrouded in modernizing their own information resources on the principle of open architecture reuse prepyadstviya solutions for network-centric warfare (NCW). Due to reduction in defense spending again rescues programm SBIR. 54% of defense procurement in the United States makes a small business.
And what we have in Russia with a small business in the state defense order? Nothing. The Ministry of Defence is no program like SBIR and STTR. I tried to find something on the Web on the subject. Found Itar-Tass on March 31, 2009 that the Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of Defence considering the possibility of the role of small business in the implementation of the state defense order. The agency quoted Ms Nabiullina (at that time — the Minister for Economic Development): "We currently are working with the Ministry of Defence of how a small business could be involved in the implementation of the state defense order." According Nabyullina, "there are already some proposals." "Earlier, speaking at a meeting with representatives of the SUPPORT of, the Minist
er highlighted that the role of small business in the implementation of the state defense order does not mean role in the procurement of arms and equipment. According to her, it could be a related goods — clothing products, food products, "- ITAR-TASS reported.
I realized that a small business in the state defense order of — is washing floors, washing soldiers' laundry, cooking soups and porridges, military service baths and sweeping broom parade ground for drill exercises. But let's be serious.
Universities help to businessmen
In the U.S., universities are beginning businessmen with small businesses, particularly in the issue of the proper preparation of the application for a role in the programs distributed SBIR and STTR. It is easy to find in the web of the English manual on how to apply for a role in the program notes SBIR and STTR — DoD SBIR_STTR Tutorial. Applications may be submitted via web in an online mode at least some of the staff. To do this, there is a special website of the Ministry of Defense for small businesses, where immediately look for that SBIR funding provides small but sverhtehnologichny business in the field of research, design, development and testing of the layout, technology aimed at the needs of the defense. SBIR Phase roles chosen by the applicant. The website informs that the project should be implemented by the company's small business and amounting to more than half of the project. If used subcontractors or consultants, their efforts should not exceed two-thirds of the ear in the first phase and less than half of the second, completing the development of the company. All the work can be carried out exclusively in the United States.
Lists of all recurrent themes of the contest (Current Solicitation), and allowed for open publication, listed on 3 pages of your website. Any topic outlines the requirements of all three phases. The applicant may elect phase, for which it is taken. With search engine designed individually themed system (Topics Search Engine) the applicant will be able to find the competitive demands on topics that match awareness and aspects of the applicant. Technical section of the questionnaire (Technical Questions) allows the applicant to ask and receive answers to technical questions that topic, which is open and is represented in the requirements of the competition. In the section of the website for the preparation and approval of proposals (Proposal Preparation and Submission) the applicant may apply for a role in the program SBIR.
Each entry requirement goes through three crucial steps: a step of opening the contest themes and demands it, the second step — the start date of receiving applications, the third — the date of the deadline. In contrast to the viscous time of initiation time for the Russian defense procurement proposals role in the SBIR is limited. The applicant chooses the topic, phase, and is short on requirements: a description of the object definitions, a description of programs from within which to develop requirements, aspects of the evaluation and selection process of research, contract information. Technical issues relating to the applicant specified in step only the opening theme, and the applicant can speak directly to the creator of the topic. Contact information, phone, e-mail, the creator of the theme — at the end of the description of the topic. On the other steps of acceptance of offers by the Ministry of Defense on competitive issues no direct contact with the creators will be gone.
Both — the applicant and the person he asks — remain anonymous, also anonymous questions and responses will be transmitted to the electrical method.
By choosing a theme, the applicant presses the "Statement", the website will ask the name of the applicant, if the applicant company is not registered, it regitsya at the moment.
Website applications for the role in the program SBIR protected. All input and output data is encrypted for security and privacy of the applicant. Only the U.S. government has the right to use the notification information.
Join the ordinary. 1st — filled standard information, the title of the office, its the address, contact person of the applicant.
The requested federal tax registration number (Federal Tax ID) the applicant is the serial number on the website SBIR (in Russia this number TIN). If the applicant has no such office registration number, you can use the social security number of the applicant. Password for the upcoming adjustments proposed by the applicant on the website will be sent to the contact person.
After saving the registration form is displayed at once registration number of the applicant. Next, the applicant must complete the bid package: the title of the applicant (a short description of the office), evaluation of the offer price, the technical proposal, the report of how the company will commercialize its proposal. Each section of the application package is accompanied by well-defined shape that fills the applicant. The presentation is limited to 25 chapters offer page, or the applicant's proposal will not be considered. Instead of the proposed forms of proposals can upload files ready supply. If the applicant does not once participated in the program notes SBIR, then the partition of commercialization can not declare.
In the 1980s, innovations in the Russian Premier League, albeit with difficulty, but also implemented.
After filling all the sections of the web site will invite the applicant to make a double check for errors and inaccuracies. The website allows you to override the amended section. When you click "Submit" website inspects errors and viruses, and if they do not, simply says "you — well done." The applicant's proposal is accepted. It can be adjusted to the date of the deadline. Number of proposals from the 1st applicant is not limited, which increases the possibility of grant programs from SBIR. Role in the program STTR prepared in the same manner.
Oh, so begins the work small business on defense orders in the U.S.. No bureaucracy step submission of proposals. No license, the requirements of a military acceptance and system properties, secret keeping, accounting for the possible perpetrators of defense contracts, as is done in Russia, the United States is not required. There's more important — to find performers who can solve the difficulties of the military departments and develop konkurentnst than zabyurokrachivat process for defense contracts. This is not your floors clean and sew up the hole on the uniforms. And most importantly, if the online method of registration of small businesses in the U.S. defense order no protruding eyes "understood" Russian defense customers, what you see only the inability to make proposals on innovation in the field of defense, much less by Russian companies to small businesses.
What are the themes of bids submitted for the small business innovator in the U.S., exemplified by the U.S. Navy (it's not too far garment products and food). For guidance on the likely topics of the U.S. Navy issued a yearly guide the development and current state of the Navy, at the moment it's US Navy program guide — 2012. Responsibility for the implementation, administration and management for SBIR program there is the Office of Naval research (ONR), the U.S. Navy. Information about the SBIR program there in the U.S. Navy can be found on the Web. The websites are current topics for small business applicants.
Let's see current topics in May 2012. They are 43, with the number N122-07 to a room N122-150. All topics are explained briefly. For example, the theme of 108 — Acoustic Array Simulation Environment System («The simulator environment for acoustic arrays"). Topic 116 — Free Space Optical Communication for Ocean Surface Transceivers («Transceivers for duplex laser, optical communication wit
h the surface of the ocean"). Topic 122 — The Airborne ASW Platform as an Underwater Sound Source («Aviation ASW platforms as sources of underwater sound"). Topic 147 — Advanced WCDMA Algorithms for Rapidly Changing Coverage Geometries («The algorithm code broadband connection with frisky geometry changes of cellular networks"). Topic 148 — Deployable Multi-Band Radio Base Station («Deployable multi-band base station"). Topic 150 — Advanced Software Defined Radio Capabilities and Information Dominance («Opportunities Software Radio (SDR) for information dominance on the battlefield").
The problem of the introduction of tactical radio JTSR methods of software radio in the U.S. Armed Forces since 1995, is engaged in a small business. And our designers even know what actually it is, software radio?
From personal experience
The difference between what they have and that we have a small business, I feel a hump on his own since 1982, including all the hardships of small business innovator in the field of defense.
As a young man I was engaged in military innovations in the Northern Fleet in 1981. He introduced the idea of digital signal processing for sonar submarine of the Soviet Navy. Implementation methods were only three: the first — the fist, second — a bucket "sila" (76-degree industrial alcohol). First, the 80 bucket sewed on prices equal to 12 computer diskettes BASF DVK-2 (dialogovychislitelny complex — the so-called ancient Russian models of personal computers Minsk production type). I supplied the alcohol commanders diesel submarines. Was also a third method — the mighty Russian mat.
In the late 80's began to move research and development centers of Youth (NTTM). I have organized such center in 1989 in the Northern Fleet. In the development of such centers is of immense help to provide military and political control of the USSR Armed Forces, issued in October 1986 a directive Glavpura D-40.
Under pressure from the military prosecutor's office, especially after the events of 1991, to me, a military innovator, had to quit because of threats to the fleet landing in jail for innovation: Tipo took instruments for cash. Then it was thought that if NTTM prescribed wage for themselves, then NTTM — a mechanism of money laundering because they have to deal with the prosecutor. Here is the awareness of innovation was at the time.
The Soviet government trembled before howling companies about NTTM where leading experts at work went, and wrote the law "On the municipal enterprise", where wages were allowed to regulate the companies themselves. Then all for yourself and have clocked up wages. As a result of this law is not increased production of goods and currency bills that are instantly devalued. What happened next, of course — famine and card rassredotachivanie goods.
Then I checked its own center as a civilian SEC. And got a government order on "Choice", and fed than their own employees. Then we still have not named a small business, and my of early innovations needed in aviation. Mayor of the town in those lean years, occasionally fleecing our bank accounts, saying that you can not pay the tax on that amount, and the funds we need, that feed the employees of City Hall. This is not rescued us from the claims of tax inspections. I'm in the courts upheld their right not to pay the tax within 2-years as compensation for funds withdrawn from the accounts of the mayor's office.
In March 2000, the Murmansk Region I's group at the II Congress of the small business in Moscow — a veteran small business. What the devil has chosen me for the first speech at the congress on behalf of the innovators of — I do not know. But I made (there is a record television). My statement about verbovanii small business to defense orders at least for the modernization of electrical equipment amazed control Congress daring swing watching the defense business. Time passed, I pulled hard on the military government, that I have never raised this issue.
But the Russian legislation has provoked the creation of phony companies, which were laundered through military orders the most shameless manner. Military grabbers their firms one-day period of this discredited the very concept of a small business. This is one of the reasons of distrust defense industry and society in general to small businesses now in the defense sector.
The ice was broken, gentlemen of the jury?
In the Murmansk region have invented a new method of execution over small businesses — the closure of bank accounts without trial. Where are my constitutional rights to movable and immovable property? Article 35 of the Constitution says, no one can be deprived of its own property on the other by a court decision. I do not know, as in Moscow, and we have, in the Murmansk region, is the voice of outrage in the desert.
I always sharpens idea innovator in Russia — the suffering of the family, loved ones compassion and contempt opponents? Not having received a penny for his theoretical studies in the field of information theory, sonar and radar, I find its application only abroad. But in this theory, I was ahead of its own zabugornyh colleagues for 20 years. Innovators of the Russian province of my mathematical level is very hard to explain why there is a variety of venture capital funds. I only had about 50 petitions. And — no response.
On to feel futile any attempts up to support small business in Russia. Notice to U.S. startup — it is not venture capital funds such as "Russian Venture Company" or "Development Banks", and smooth municipal support through the SBIR and STTR programs from becoming innovator of small business to the state of the commercial use of their own thoughts. Here is the step of becoming a small business in the Russian legislation passed and no one understood.
Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin legislatively initiated a fund promising research projects such as the U.S. DARPA. There was hope: perhaps recall the small business innovator as an effective instrument for saving municipal funds for defense orders. After all, DARPA also uses the services of small business innovator USA.
The organization of military research work on implementation of digital signal processing in a sonar system began in May 1984. Then, in fact, was the start of the development of COTS-technologies in the field of sonar detection of low-noise underwater objects. Nearly two years later, a directive of the Deputy Commander of the Navy Admiral Nikolay Smirnov, the introduction of 100 sets of digital equipment on the Russian submarines.
In this we are truly ahead of the Yankees. Curiously, Innovative work we started in 1982 with the launch of the American right programs from SBIR. A similar example program of modernization sonar U.S. submarines using COTS-technology SBIR-ARCI began only in 1996.
Helped me in my work, only seven people. Price innovations for the Northern Fleet at that time was equal to the size of foreign exchange allowances of lieutenant. This is the way our small business innovators by the military. But so far COTS-technology in the military electronics of the Russian Federation has not been implemented because of the invoice. During the same period, the Ministry of Defense has reduced costs by 10 times in the end verbovaniya small business innovator to carry out military orders.
So when, and we will learn to count money and create benefit ordinary resolutions?