Breast Augmentation

What are implants.  Photo from

Return the breasts look beautiful by using replacement (breast augmentation plastic). Calibration is done for aesthetic (cosmetic) reasons and in addition to increasing the amount eliminates also expressed mild "sag".

Shape of the implant

The specialist will determine exactly what kind of implant is needed for you: round or anatomical shape. If the implant is round, it is not necessary to be spherical breasts. Round it only when viewed from above, and in general the implant is quite flat. In contrast, the anatomical shape (or teardrop) has a flat top edge and a convex bottom.

But, in spite of the different forms of implants is not always possible to achieve absolute perfection. Nevertheless, a good result is guaranteed even with the initial state your chest and physiological characteristics (presence of asymmetry, the thickness of the ribs, elasticity, etc.).

Types of Breast Enlargement

  • Polymeric gels, number of supporters are now getting less and less. As experience has shown, gels, administered in sufficiently large quantities (200-300 ml for each breast) is not retained in the mammary glands and gradually invade other tissues. Under the influence of gravity, they can go down to the subcutaneous tissue of the abdomen and roughly zarubtsovyvatsya. Remove all biopolymer gel is extremely difficult. It will take a very large and complex operation.

In the U.S., mammoplasty using gels has long prohibited. The experience of American medicine can safely adopt, as it is based on the world's largest number of operations.

  • Silicone Implants— Is, in fact, thick bags made of polymers, which is located inside the liquid silicone. They first appeared in 1962, and still are the most popular means of increasing the breast. By 1989, these implants were transplanted million women. None of the other materials to prove himself as a biocompatible, reliable, flexible, pliable and accessible for sterilization, as did the silicone. Silicones are resistant to chemical degradation, even under such severe conditions as highly acidic environment inside the stomach. For these reasons, silicon is the most commonly used material for medical devices that are implanted or introduced into a human body. Silicone prostheses most comfortable for the patient because it has the same texture and elasticity as breast tissue. And these implants look better than others.

However, early 90thfound that silicone breast may be a danger to women's health.

  • When the capsule is damaged such implants can leak. Liquid silicone in this case causes inflammation of the surrounding tissues, which can result in a serious operation to remove part of the prostate gland. Furthermore, silicon may seep through the membrane, causing inflammation.
  • Among the negative consequences of the use of silicone implants include allergic reactions. As the body can go rash, swelling may occur. Organism as it would rejects foreign material reacting fever and general deterioration in general condition. It is likely numb the skin in the chest, feeling that the breast has become a kind of "rock, heavy."
  • Furthermore, according to research results around silicone implants are often formed scars.
  • There is evidence that silicone prostheses provoke cancer. And if the cancer has already formed, to reveal her implants interfere, creating an obstacle to X-rays.

On the basis of these data, the U.S. sale of silicone breast prostheses was banned in 1992. Later, however, there have been studies that have shown that in fact silicone is safe. However, the Office of the Food and Drug Administration (Food and Drug Administration, FDA) found these arguments insufficient, and silicone in the U.S. remained banned until 2006, when the FDA finally convinced of its safety. In our country, silicone implants are used quite successfully, though still unable to solve the problem of a possible rupture.

  • Saline implants differ from silicon in that the inside of the capsule is normal saline, with properties similar to blood plasma. Even if such a filler is spilled, the woman's health is in no way hurt.

Meanwhile, the patient's plastic surgeons do not like saline implants. Typically, they are too thick capsule and chest, according to women after surgery is like a bag of water: how the feelings and externally.

  • Titanium implants now offer women dared to breast augmentation surgery, the German plastic surgeons. Strictly speaking, the implant filler — the same silicon, but the outer shell of the prosthesis is covered with a thin layer of titanium, practically "eternal" metal used in space technology.

Titanium was chosen for such sensitive targets for its unique feature — the absolute inertia in the human body. The titanium implant, unlike conventional silicone, does not cause inflammation, allergy, or rejection, it is formed around a scar or capsule.

While these implants are in the stage of clinical trials, and has not shown evidence of greater strength of the prosthesis compared with silicon. After all, in a titanium capsule is still the same silicone leakage is fraught with serious complications.

  • Gel Implants — Another way of making silicone breast safer (proposed European company "Silimed"). They are instead filled with liquid silicone gel, which even with the damaged outer capsule retains its shape and does not leak. And surgeons and their patients say that such implants in density, elasticity, and cosmetic effect is not inferior silicone.

Gel implants are already being sold in the European Union and Brazil, and the United States held their clinical trials.

  • A quick but temporary breast enlargement has been developed in Sweden. For these purposes, Scandinavian beauticians injected into the mammary gland hyaluronic acid: This compound has long been used to fill in wrinkles on the face.

Enlarged breasts in this way can now be only in Sweden itself, where clinical trials are conducted Harmonised standards. To date, the method proved to be quite safe, and its effect lasts for several years.

  • Dr. Kotaro Yoshimura (Kotaro Yoshimura) and his colleagues at the University of Tokyo (University of Tokyo) conduct clinical trials of a new method of breast enlargement. In breast tissue transplanted Japanese fat cells from the abdomen or thighs women.

Transplantation of fat cells have long been used in cosmetics for wrinkles or scars. However, if a large number of transplanted adipose tissue — that we have to do for breast enhancement — part of transplanted cells may die because of lack of blood supply. In this case, the breast forms a seal that the x-ray look just like a cancerous tumor.

However, according to Dr. Yoshimura, these side effects can be avoided by mixing the transplanted fat cells to the stem. The normal stem cells are programmed to become a fatty tissue, and in this case are formed vessels which feed all the transplanted tissue.

The new method is a better chance of success. First, women's own cells are used, which will not be rejected. A second will attract many to get rid of a few pounds of fat and enlarge their breasts at the same time.

However, the success of many of the techniques are doomed to change the human body. Fortunately for beauticians, many people do not want to be guided by the principle "that has grown, it has grown" and follow the windy fashion. For these clients, even special discounts: for example, that the woman after the installation of the gel implants doctor leaves his usual silicone.

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