December 1, 2011 14:33
In March 2011, a flock of giant squid fishing boat overturned in the Sea of Cortez and killed seven fishermen. Hundreds of witnesses were vacationing in the Mexican beach resort of Loreto people.
A terrible tragedy took place before their eyes. 12-meter vessel was a course parallel to the beach, going to the port, when out of the water to the sides pulled dozens of thick and slimy tentacles. They seized fishermen and drags them to the bottom, and then swung strongly vessel itself and overturned it.
"I saw four or five bodies, which came aground. Their bodies were almost completely covered with blue spots — the suckers sea monsters, — told reporters Timmy Irwin, a surfer from San Francisco. — One was still alive. But he looked like a little man. Calamari was literally chewed! "
Marine biologist Dr. Luis Santiago from the Autonomous University of Baja California Sur, who participated in the investigation of the bloody incident, told local media: "Going after the tragedy to an inverted boat, we managed through clever traps to capture one of the attackers shellfish. It was a female carnivorous Humboldt squid (Dosidicus gigas). Her weight was 45 kg, and length without tentacles — 2 meters. (Sami tentacles "pulled" by 6 meters.) We believe that the majority of the pack consisted precisely of the females.
We also believe that they attacked the fishermen deliberately and coordinate with their actions. I am afraid that in the coming years such attacks will become more and more as the fish stocks in the "hunting grounds" squid catastrophic decline. "
The locals, called giant squid «diablos roios» — Red Devils agree with Luis Santiago. According to them, shellfish in recent years have become more aggressive.
Incidentally, the year before the massive attack of giant carnivorous Humboldt squid on people have been recorded on the California coast near the city of San Diego. Hundreds of sea monsters of at least two meters, with a razor-sharp beak with which they can safely pull out a piece of the human body, and toothed tentacles attacking divers and divers, which water is then washed ashore already dead.
Some survivors of divers claimed that squid tentacles wrapped around their masks, cameras and equipment, and they barely managed to swim away from them.
In particular, according to the diver Shanda McGill, rust-colored animal threw her swimming apparatus and a flashlight and grabbed her with its tentacles.
"I'm kicking like crazy — was recognized Shanda Magill. — Because the first thing you think, God, I do not know if I will survive. This squid could easily hurt me if I wanted to. "
Kapiforniiskie divers veterans compared with the giant squid meeting with the entry into the cage with the lions.
Scientists estimate that at least a thousand species of squid were near the California coast during the year at a depth of 120 — 300 meters, and the divers saw them when they're up to a depth of 25-40 meters.
These inhabitants of the deep sea is so elusive and secretive, meeting people that happen to them, until recently, rarely. In medieval legends, they appear in the image of monsters attacking the sailors and sinking ships. Sometimes they are thrown on the shore, even more rarely they get into fishing nets. In literary works of the giant squid immortalized as "Kraken".
Size squid can reach average sperm whale and often join with him in mortal combat, leaving the ultimate winner. Thus, in January 2011, the penalty sperm whale carcass weight of about 15 tons of washed ashore Bering Island, located 200 km from Kamchatka. According to experts, the whale died from fatal wounds inflicted by no less a giant Kraken.
Most squid have bodies glow. The light is produced by a chemical reaction similar to the one that creates the "cold" glow of fireflies.
Squid beak is very strong, and his eyes look like human. He has ten tentacles, eight conventional and two, which is much longer than the other, the ends are kind of suckers.
However, not only the size but also the high speed makes these cephalopods pretty dangerous marine predators. Water plunging into the body cavity, the squid with the power emitted by the jet wash down the channel and rushes forward like a rocket. Such a "jet" engine allows the squid to accelerate to 70 miles per hour. In addition, he is able to jump out of the water to a height of 10 meters!
Until the second half of the XIX century, scientists generally doubted the existence of the giant squid, and stories of sailors on meetings with the shellfish considered the fruit of their unrestrained imagination.
The turning point came in the scientific minds October 26, 1873. On this day, fishermen abandoned the network in one of the bays of Newfoundland. After seeing some enormous mass floating on the surface, they have decided that this may wreckage after a shipwreck.
One of the fishermen, closer to the unknown object by hitting it with a boat hook. Suddenly the 'subject' alive, reared, and people saw that stumbled on Kraken.
Long tentacles monster wound boat. Simultaneously, the squid was submerged. One of the fishermen kept his head and a knife compartment tentacle monster. Kraken released ink staining around the water, and disappeared into the depths.
Fishermen handed tentacle local naturalist Harvey. So for the first time in the hands of scientists got body hitherto mythical kraken, whose existence the whole time were fruitless debate. After a month in the same area fishermen have netted another giant squid. This copy was also handed over to Harvey. The length of the monster was 10 meters.
Almost 30 inches in diameter had eyes of another squid, which was found dead on the shallow water near the island of New Zealand Island Bay. Having cut his belly, fishermen found the clam has three hearts, one large and two smaller ones. During the life of the squid they drove the blood in the twelve-tentacles with which a whale catches prey and then jaws tore it to pieces.
In the Bermuda triangle
The existence of the giant squid, exceeding 20 meters in length, is not well documented, but a Canadian biologist and oceanographer Frederick Aldrich convinced that greater depths can hide Kraken even 50 meters long!
Biologist assumes that all found dead specimens of giant squid 8-15 meters long owned a young, poor individuals with little suction cups 5-cm diameter. And yet in many harpooned whales found traces of suckers 20 cm diameter.
English whaler and explorer Vullenu once happened to watch a deadly battle in the Indian Ocean between the squid and sperm whales. "At first it was like the eruption of an underwater volcano. Looking through binoculars — says Woolley — I was convinced that no volcano or earthquake had nothing to do with what was happening in the ocean. But the forces that operated there, was so huge that I can be forgiven for the first assumption: very large sperm whale tangled in a deadly battle with a giant squid, almost as big as himself.
It seemed like endless tentacles clam netting entangled continuous whole body of the enemy. Even next to the ominous black head sperm whale squid head seemed so horrible object, which is not always a dream and a nightmare. Huge and bulging eyes to deathly pale background squid body made him look like a monstrous ghost. "
Some researchers attribute the giant squid portion of the mysterious disappearance of small vessels in the Bermuda Triangle. At one time within this anomalous zone scientists ichthyologists found at the bottom of some powerful steel traps with bait.
Unfortunately, or fortunately, none of the monsters could not catch, but after a while raised from the sea floor traps were horribly mangled, and the remains stuck between the bars of the skin and muscles. Experts calculated that the weight of monsters, deformed traps were at least three tons!
The world-famous Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl told how during a trip to the "Kon-Tiki", he often watched the night "game" unknown sea monsters, very similar to the Kraken, and once from the bottom of it looked phosphorescent green eyes, with a diameter of about 25 centimeters .
According to scientists, giant clams surfaced leisure, without any hostile purposes. Otherwise Heyerdahl awaited certain death.
TANKER survive the attack Kraken
At the time, the Norwegian magazine "Nature" published a sensational report: tanker "Brunswick" displacing 15,000 tons and a length of 150 meters between the Hawaiian Islands and Samoa was attacked by a giant squid. Ship's captain Arne Grenningzeter said the huge cephalopod length of over 20 meters suddenly emerged from the depths and caught up with the ship, who was walking at a speed of 12 knots. Then he spent some time with the tanker was sailing a parallel course at a distance of about 30 meters from the port side.
Suddenly, squid, overtaking vessel attacked and seized the body, causing major blow to its beak. Trying to stay on slippery metal surface tanker, clam seized him with its tentacles reaching across 20-25 cm thick. However, under the counter-flow of water began to slide back to the stern and was hit by a screw that mortally wounded animal.
Later in the same area of the Pacific Ocean "Brunswick" has twice been attacked by giant clams. According to Captain Grenningzetera, squid attacked the tanker, taking him for an enemy — the sperm whale.
One of the latest such incident took place in January 2003, when a giant squid met French sailors who took part in the round the world race for the prize of the memory of Jules Verne, according yachtsman Olivier de Kersuasona, squid stuck to feed their yacht trimaran "Jerome" near from the Portuguese island of Madeira.
"First, I looked out the window and saw a huge tentacle. It was thicker than my leg, and it was clear that the squid struggles pulling our boat to the bottom ", — he said.
According yachtsman, two tentacles blocked rudder. But as soon as the yacht stopped squid immediately released his grip and soon disappeared into the depths of the ocean.
"We had absolutely nothing to deter him, not with a pen-knife at him go! And I even can not imagine what we would do if the squid was more aggressive, "- recalled Olivier.
According to the captain of the French yacht, the body length of squid just more than 8 meters. "Nothing like I have ever seen. But I was in the sea for about forty years, "- claimed yachtsman.
But not just for sailors, fishermen and divers dangerous these predators. They are very voracious. On the western coast of South America are found in large numbers already mentioned above Humboldt squid. They are called the wolves of the sea, as they calmly finish with big fish weighing 300 pounds! Shellfish grasping tentacles and prey in seconds skinned all the meat from the skeleton.
David Duncan, the American Museum of Natural History, during a recent expedition to the coasts of Peru and Chile, watched as a huge squid snack dozidikusy steel string. A spear pierced, they gnaw her beak with such fury that only the chips fly.
Dozidikusy hunt chetyrehpudovyh tuna and giant fish they eat clean.
After years of searching in February 2007, was lucky to catch fishermen in the Ross Sea, the first live giant squid Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni. This giant copy weighed 494 kg, its length equal to ten meters, and the eye has a diameter of 30 cm! At the same age, as scientists have found, was quite "childlike"
To save precious discovery, scientists from New Zealand's National Museum in 1200 placed the Kraken-liter capacity, and then frozen for further research.
Small clams, like dolphins, respond well to training. They have a great memory. They distinguish between the geometric shapes: a small square apart from the larger, rectangle, placed vertically on the box to the horizontal circle of the square, and diamond of the triangle.
Squid recognize people, get used to those who feed them, and, if done with enough time, they become tame.
In all of this we know that the smaller squid, the greater the venom that attacks the central nervous system. I bite squid sea animals — crabs, fish and other victims — immediately come cramps, and they can not resist. The same thing happens to a man.