December 24, 2011 4:34
VAJRA (Sanskrit, Tib. dorje, Jap. kongose, whale. dzingansi, Mong. Ochir) — A symbol of Buddhism, just as the cross — a symbol of Christ Island, a crescent — Islam, the gate "torii" — Shinto.
Texts define his lyrics. this: Diamond, Thunder Axe, a bunch of lightning crossed, acting as a symbol of the deities of the true teachings of the Buddha.
In ind. Vajra mythology was known long before Buddhism as thunderous ax god Indra and other gods.
Her epithets: copper, gold, iron, stone, with 4 or 100 angles, 1,000 teeth.
Vajra may look the disk and can be cross-shaped.
She attributed the ability to cause rain and be a symbol of fertility.
In Buddhism, the image of Vajra is that the captured lightning in the middle of the beam with curved ends (known single, double, triple, krestoobr. Variants).
In Sanskrit, the word means both "Lightning" and "diamond".
Vajra is a mace or scepter symbolizes strength and indestructibility.
It can be interpreted as one of the world axis images, recording the impact on the bottom of the upper world.
Originally vajra is an attribute of Indra, the god of thunder.
It is known as the destroyer of demons, led the gods against the asuras. Killer snake Vritra, Indra crushed his fiery club, vajra, beating, so chaos, releasing water, created life and the sun.
Vajra acts as a central symbol of one of the branches of Buddhism — Vajrayana (The name of which is connected with this subject), where it embodies the absolute and indestructible being in opposition to the illusory idea of reality.
Like a bolt of lightning, Vajra makes its way into the darkness of ignorance; like a diamond, it destroys the remaining indestructible.
Symbolizes masculine, way, compassion, activity; usually kept in her right hand.
Pair vajra Vajrayana is subject to the bell, ghanta, symbolizes the feminine, fruit, wisdom;it is held in the left hand.
Bell with a handle in the form of the vajra represents the power of faith.
Vajra has five metal rods, four of which, with curved ends in a horizontal plane, are located around the center, forming a kind of a lotus flower.
Vajra of nine rods, is less common. She is portrayed as a scepter and is an attribute of many Buddhas and Bodhisattvas.
Vajra is used as a symbol and as a weapon in India, Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan, Siam, Cambodia, Myanmar, China, Korea and Japan.
Excerpts from the book by prof. Torchinov EA (S-Pb.)
"Introduction to Buddhism — a course of lectures" (lecture 7).
Early in the second half of I millennium BC. e. in Mahayana Buddhism gradually emerges and formed a new direction, or Jan ("Chariot"), known as Vajrayana or Tantric Buddhism, and this trend may be the final stage of the development of Buddhism in their homeland — in India.
The word vajra, part of the name "Vajrayana" was originally used to refer to the Indian thunderous scepter of Zeus — the Vedic god Indra, but gradually changed its meaning. (See note. 1.) The fact that one of the meanings of the word "Vajra" — "diamond", "adamant". Within Buddhism, the word "Vajra" began to be associated with one hand, initially perfect nature waking consciousness, this indestructible diamond, but on the other — the very awakening, enlightenment, like a thunderclap or a momentary flash of lightning. Buddhist ritual vajra, just as ancient Vajra, is a type of scepter symbolizing the awakened consciousness, and Karuna (compassion) and upayu (skillful means) in opposition prajna — upaya (prajna and emptiness symbolizes the ritual bell, Connection vajra and bell in the hands of the priest crossed ritual symbolizes awakening as the result of integration (yugannadha) wisdom and method, of emptiness and compassion. Consequently, Vajrayana word can be translated as "The Diamond Chariot", "Thunder Chariot," etc. The first translation is most common.
What can you learn about the "vajra" of modern dictionaries and encyclopedias?
- Vajra — short metal rod with symbolic analogy with diamond — can cut anything but himself — and lightning — the irresistible force.
- In Hindu mythology — a gear drive, Thunder Axe Indra
- Vajra is a magic wand Initiates followers
- Its forged for Indra singer Ushana.
- Vajra was forged for Indra Tvashtar
- It is made from the skeleton sage — hermit Dadhichi.
- There is a version that originally symbolized the phallus vajra bull.
- Vajra was associated with the sun.
- Fourfold or has crossed vajra symbols close to the symbolism of the wheel.
- Vajra is five bodies Dhyani Buddhas.
- Vajra means skill or upaya.
- Vajra symbolizes strength and determination.
- Vajra symbolizes the male principle, the way compassion.
- Vajra is interpreted as a sign of fertility.
- Vajra represents the absolute and indestructible being, as opposed to the illusory idea of reality.
- Vajra in conjunction with a bell involves merging the male and female nature.
- Vajra symbolizes the indestructible state.
- Vajra symbol luminous indestructible nature of mind.
- Vajra symbol of the power of the Buddha on the evil spirits or elementals.
The below coins of different countries of the Mediterranean region, dating from 500 to 200 BC well visible lightning-vajra. Such coins are very, very much, it proves — in the ancient world, without exception capable people knew what it is and understand the importance of this subject.